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RECENT REPORTS November 1998-January 1999

There were 7 Black-headed Ibises at Ban Thasadet (Suphanburi) on 10 January (PS) with two more, and a single Painted Stork in flooded paddies in Muang District, Suphanburi on the same day (KUWC). Another Painted Stork was found at Sanambin Non-Hunting Area (Buriram) on 23 January (NA). In a winter when no major concentrations of ducks were reported, the most significant records were 14 Spot-billed Ducks on the Mekong River at Chiang Saen (Chiang Rai) on 1 January, with a male Ruddy Shelduck there on 2 January (ST); two Common Shelduck, only the second record for Thailand, on Bung Boraphet (Nakhon Sawan) on 16 January (KK & PK); and six Comb Ducks on Sanambin on 23 January (NA). Four wetland sites in Buriram (Huai Chorakhe Mak, H. Talad, Sanambin and Nong Sanoh) produced among them only 4 Common Teal, one Northern Shoveler and ca. 90 Northern Pintail during 3-23 January (NA). A drake Mallard and 4 Spot-billed Ducks were reported from Nong Bong Khai (Chiang Rai) on 3 February (PKr,SK).

A possible juvenile Bonelli's Eagle was seen at ca. 1000 m on Doi Ang Khang (Chiang Mai) on 5 December (TT) and a Eurasian Kestrel at Kasetsart University Bangkhen Campus (Bangkok) on 8 January (KUWC). Three Silver Pheasants (two males and a female) on Doi Suthep on 7 December (JK) was a welcome confirmation of the survival of this species on this mountain. A Water Rail at Nong Bong Khai on 30 December (TTa) and 1 January (TT) was still present on 3 February (PKr,SK). A Black-tailed Crake at Doi Chiang Dao (Chiang Mai) on 24 January (SS) was the third sighting at this, Thailand's second known location. A concentration of 200 Eurasian Coot was noted on Huai Chorakhe Mak (Buriram) on 6 December (NA). Three Nordmann's Greenshanks and 450 Terek Sandpipers were counted at Krabi River mouth on 28 January (KingBird) and 40 Spotted Redshank at Naong Sanoh on 16 January (NA).

A wader survey by boat between the Bangkok Municipal boundary in the east, west to Ban Krasa Khao, west of the Tachin River Mouth, in Samut Sakhon Province, on 4 February, produced between 3000 and 4000 waders. The most numerous species were Pacific Golden Plover (1140); Sandplovers (530); Curlew Sandpiper (350), Common Redshank (ca. 1000), Common Greenshank (120), and, very surprisingly, 270 Bar tailed Godwits. This is a most unusual and unexpected concentration of Bar-tails for the Inner Gulf. Other noteworthy birds were 20 Eurasian Curlew, 38 Ruddy Turnstone and a single Great Crested Tern (KKCC, BCST, WI). The same team covered Don Hoi Lot (Samut Songkhram) by boat on 7 February, adding 2,000 sandplovers (mainly Lesser Sandplovers), 200 Grey Plover, 150 Pacific Golden Plover, 200 Black-tailed Godwits, 100 Ruddy Turnstone and 30 Great Crested Terns. Several dolphins (probably Bottle-nosed) were also seen. (Data from Bangpoo and Wat Kalong to Rangjan, and Ban Laem, Phetchaburi, covered during 5-6 February is not yet available. However, this is probably so far the most complete survey of waders in the inner gulf ever carried out)

Significant concentrations of the nationally threatened Pompadour Pigeon were seen at Thung Salaeng Luang (Phitsanuloke), with 400-500 birds on 10-13 December (KUWC) and six at Sala Phrom, Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (Chaiyaphum) on 23 January (KUWC). An Ashy Woodpigeon was seen on Doi Pha Hom Pok on 10 December, and 29 Speckled Woodpigeons on 15 December (TT). An Alexandrine Parakeet was present in Lumphini Park (Bangkok) on 12 December (BCST); and 6-8 Red-breasted Parakeets, a male Asian Emerald Cuckoo and 3 Small Minivets at Wat Song Phluu, Bang Kruay District (Nonthaburi) on 7 December (SKh). Another male Asian Emerald Cuckoo was at Kasetsart University, Bangkhen, on 5 December (KUWC), with a wintering Large Hawk Cuckoo on 6 and 15 December (KUWC).

A flock of 30 Long-tailed Broadbills was seen in Wiang Heng District (Chiang Mai) on 28 November (JK). Six Long-tailed Broadbills were apparently engaged in cooperative nest-building activities near the Sala Phrom Guardstation of Phu Khieo on 15 January (KUWC). Two Brown-rumped Minivets were reported in a mixed flock with Ashy Minivets at Bang Tieo on 23 December (KB,KW), while records of Brown-rumped Minivet were also received from Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary (Loei), where there were also 80-100 Nepal House Martins, near the Nam Khai Guard Station on 4-5 February(KUWC). A Short-tailed Parrotbill was seen at Phu Luang on 6 December (KUWC) and a possible male Blue-fronted Robin was reported at this site also during 8 and 10 December (KUWC). A Eurasian Blackbird was present at Huai Thungthao (Chiang Mai) from at least 19 December onwards (TB).Three elisae Narcissus Flycatchers were reported from Bang Tieo: a female or immature on 23 November (PC,AS) and a second female/immature and a male on 22 December (KB,KW). An Asian Paradise-flycatcher was at Kasetsart University, Bangkhen on 5 December (KUWC). There were flocks of 200 Chestnut-tailed Starlings at Thung Kamang, Phu Khieo on 15 January (KUWC), 30 White-shouldered Starlings at Huai Talad NHA on 2 December (NA) and 114 Black-headed Greenfinches at No Leh, Doi Ang Khang on 31 December (TT). A male Scarlet Finch was seen on Doi Pha Hom Pok on 16 December with 7 Spot-winged Grosbeaks on 15 December (TT). Five more Spot-winged Grosbeaks were found on Doi Inthanon on 22 January (KingBird) and a male Red Avadavat and 100 Java Sparrows at Kastsart University, Bangkhen on 20 December (KUWC).

Contributors: Nakhon Atsadamongkol, Tony Ball, Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Klos Bunthavee, Pathomphon Charoenjai, Sakol Kasemphan, Kasetsart University Wildlife Club, Khok Kham Conservation Club, Kamol and Patcharee Komolphalin, Jittapong Keuawong, Surasak Khokmi (SKh), Phanot Krairojananan, (PKr), Phanuwat Sasirat, Suthee Supparatvikorn, Thossaphon Tansurat (TTa) Thippamas Tantitadapitak (TT), Attakrit Sriyapai, Wetlands International, Kritsakorn Wongkorawut.

Compiled by Philip Round and Roongroj Jugmongkol

Surveys at Phu Jong Na Yoi

A Cambridge University team carried out a brief wildlife survey in Phu Jong Na Yoi National Park, Ubon Ratchathani, during December 1998-January 1999. Among their more significant findings was confirmation of the presence of several nationally or globally threatened mammals, including Sunda Pangolin, Slow Loris, Pileated Gibbon, Pig-tailed Macaque, bear, Golden Jackal and Sambar . Their bird records included a male niltava which was probably a Fujian Niltava and a possible Japanese Thrush. Further details are eagerly awaited.

RECENT REPORTS - 30 December 1998

Two Spot-billed Pelicans were photographed on the lake by the railway station at the science park, Wa Ko (Prachuap Khiri Khan) on 16 November (CN) and were said to visit the site daily. Four Chinese Egrets were seen at Haat Pakarang (Phang-nga) on 22 October (KrK, PS). Three Painted Storks were at Samut Sakhon on 31 October (JWa). A Greater Adjutant flew over Khao Pheng Maa (Prachinburi) on 1 November (AK,SS). A large count of 32 Spot-billed Ducks was obtained on the Mekong River in Muang District (Nong Khai) on 29 November (RJ). A pair of Tufted Ducks were the only Aythya ducks noted at Nong Bong Khai (Chiang Rai) on 9 December (RJ & SJ, DM), though a pair of Baer's Pochard were earlier seen on Bung Boraphet (Nakhon Sawan) on 6 December (PPVD). Jerdon's Baza was reported from Nam Nao on 20 December (PJ,NN). A flock of 6-8 Black Bazas flew over Khon Kaen University Campus (Khon Kaen) at 0645 h on 24 October (PJ, NN) and 800 were seen on migration from the main Asian Highway in Sawi District (Chumphon) on 25 October (KrK,PaS). A Grey-headed Fish-Eagle was reported along the Khlong Sok (Surat Thani) on 9 September (MC). and another from Khlong 4, Chalerm Prakiat (Pa Phru) Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat), 14 October (ST). Over 1000 hawks, said to be Accipiter sp. passed over Ban Laem (Phetchaburi) on 4 October (KUWC).

A female-plumaged Eurasian Kestrel and male Orange-breasted Pigeon at Thung Salaeng Luang (Phetchabun) on 25 and 24 October respectively (PS) were both additions to the list of this underwatched but extremely interesting site.

A Grey-headed Lapwing was seen near Laem Son (Ranong) on 23 October (PP) and a River Lapwing on the Kok river near Tha Ton (Chiang Mai) on 9 December (RJ&SJ, DM et al.). Eleven more River Lapwings were seen on rivers in Kapong District (Phang-nga) on 22 October (KrK,PS, ), ironically the only known "stronghold" of this nationally threatened species remaining in the country . A single Malaysian Plover was reported from Haat Pakarang on 22 October along with an unprecedentedly large number of 150 Ruddy Turnstone (KrK,PaS). 30 Red Knot at Pak Thale, Ban Laem (Phetchaburi) on 10 October (AW) would be an unusually large number for a species which is infrequently found in very small numbers among Great Knot flocks. There were 20 Black-tailed Godwits and 2 Terek Sandpipers at Samut Sakhon on 31 October (JW). 1200 Black-tailed Godwits at Bang Poo on 22 November (WS) and 10 December (JW,PDR,UT) was a record count for midwinter. A Pied Avocet (only the fifth Thai record) was also present at Bang Poo on the first of these dates, and stayed until at least 2 December (WS).

This is turning into a record winter for "odd" gulls in the gulf. There were two first winter and one third winter Great Black-headed Gulls at Bang Poo on 22 November (WS), together with what seemed to be an adult Heuglin's Gull (possibly nominate L.h heuglini), and one other large, strikingly white-headed, but dark-backed, immature gull, the identity of which is not yet resolved (WS). A Slender-billed Gull (age not mentioned) was seen at Bang Poo on 2 December (WS). The same three Great Black-headed Gulls, the "mystery gull" (above), and two forms of first winter "herring gull" were photographed on the weekend of 28/29 November (PL,KS,VS,SarT) yielding excellent quality images.

By 10 December one first winter Great Black-headed Gull remained, together with no fewer than four first winter "herring gulls" apparently conforming to three distinct forms (PDR,UT,JW), two of which were dark-billed and one of which was strikingly large and pale-billed. On 27 December, there was again a single Great Black-headed Gull, two first winter "herring gulls", one with a short, mainly black bill and one with a longer, pale-based bill (JWKP, PDR, WS,SukT). A first winter Black-tailed Gull -- same date and locality -- was also a very pleasant surprise! (KR,PDR,ST). The latter was possibly the same individual first reported from Bang Kaew, Ban Laem (Phetchaburi) on 10 December (NK,AW).

A juvenile Hodgson's Hawk Cuckoo was being fed by 2 White-rumped Shamas, daily during 9-17 August near Khao Pu-Khao Ya National Park headquarters (Phatthalung), and a pair of Barred Eagle Owls were seen nearby during 15-22 September (MC). Buffy Fish Owl was reported from Laem Son (Ranong) on 11 September and Hat Chao Mai (Trang) on 21st October (MC). A number of observations, apparently all made from, or in the vicinity of an observation tower at Hala-Bala wildlife sanctuary (Narathiwat) during 11-14 October were a female Cinnamon-rumped Trogon, 5 Wrinkled Hornbills, 4 male and 4 female Plain-pouched Hornbills, 14 Helmeted Hornbills and 5 Great Hornbills (ST). A pair of White-crowned Hornbills was seen at Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary (Krabi) on 5 October (KUWC).

Ruddy Kingfisher was reported from Khao Pu-Khao Ya on 10 October (MC).

Interesting (and belated) details of migrant pittas were recorded from Doi Suthep-Pui by DK, with Hooded Pittas on 5 May and 21 October 1998; 27 and 31 October 1996 and 12 November 1995. A single Blue-winged Pitta was also observed on 6 November 1995. Young Scaly-crowned Babblers were seen still in the nest at Hala-Bala on 11 October (ST). A male and a female Golden Bush Robin were seen near the summit car-park of Doi Inthanon on 1-2 December (RJ & SJ, DM, PW) and a female in the summit bog on 15 December (NO,NS). A possible male Blue-Fronted Robin was reported from Kiw Mae Pan, Doi Inthanon on 5 November (WS). A male Jerdon's Bushchat was seen 2 km upstream of Chiang Saen (Chiang Rai) on 9 December (RJ and SJ, DM). A River Chat was present at Tan Mok Waterfall, Mae Rim (Chiang Mai) on 5 November (JK). There were three White-throated Rock Thrushes at Khao Yai during the weekend of 12-13 December, with males at Haew Narok (LKS et al..) and near the headquarters (BCST); and a female at Kong Kaeo (PDR). Another White-throated Rock Thrush (male) was found on Kasetart University Campus (Bangkok) on 11 November (KUWC). Another River Chat and a female Siberian Thrush were seen at Phu Kradeung (Loei) on 24 November (RJ). Two male Grey-winged Blackbirds were present by the Ang Ka Nature Trail, Doi Inthanon on 5 November (WS). A Dark-sided Flycatcher was seen near Bang Tieo on 19 December (PDR) and a Ferruginous Flycatcher at Khao Pu-Khao Ya on 5 October (MC). Further Ferruginous Flycatchers were found in the Bang Tieo area of Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary (Krabi) during 5, 7 and 9 October (KUWC) and at Doi Khun Tan (Lampang) on 24 October (ST). Two, possibly three, Mugimaki Flycatchers (all either first-winter males or females) were present in the Kong Kaeo area of Khao Yai on 12-13 December (BCST) with another at Bang Tieo on 20 December (AP,PDR). A male Cyornis at Kasetsart University, Bangkok on 11 November was identified on throat pattern as Hill Blue Flycatcher, presumably of the migrant race magnirostris (KUWC). A male Asian Paradise-flycatcher (white morph) was seen at Khok Kham (Samut Sakhon) on 20 November (KKCC). Five Buff-throated Warblers were seen in pines on Phu Kradeung on 24 November (RJ) with a Radde's Warbler outside the BCST office at Ramindra (Bangkok) on 6 November (PM). A probable Brown Bush Warbler was seen and taped near Km 31, Doi Inthanon on 3 December (PW). There was a flock of 50 Vinous-breasted Starlings and 20-25 Jungle Mynas by the side of the Asian Highway at Thung Pa La Moh, Sawi District (Chumphon) on 25 October (KrK,PaS). A new locality record for White-vented Myna was Tambol Thung Sai, Sichol District, Nakhon Si Thammarat, where a single bird was present among Jungle Mynas and Common Mynas at on 15 November (PA,SA,K?)

Contributors: Phanom Apharuit, Sunit Apharuit, Michel Ciselet, R. Johns and S. Johns, Roongroj Jugmongkol, Panuwat Julawat, Aj Kasem, Kasetsart University Wildlife Club, Jitttapong Keuawong, Khok Kham Conservation Club, Kris Krisvirun, David Kuehn, Phairot Lenawat, Lim Kim Seng, Duncan MacDonald, Patcharawan Makmee, Chaweewan Nantanavanij, Nomjit Nualnetr, J.W.K. Parr, Anita Pedersen, Porames Pichayamahoot, Philip D. Round, Phinit Saengkaew, Panuwat Sasirat (PaS), Virat Singhadachakul, Kampol Sukhumalind, Suthee Supparatvikorn, Sophitra Tantitadapitak, Sukanya T.(SukT), Sarthip Thongnakcokegruad (SarT), Uthai Treesucon, Peter Paul Van Dijk, John Warham (JWa), Aunchana Watanayut, Peter Wessels, John Williamson, Kanyarat (?).

Compiled by Philip D. Round and Roongroj Jugmongkol

Khao Nor Chuchi News

BCST survey workers and Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary staff have been implementing joint surveys of human use and biodiversity in both forest and cultivated areas at Khao Nor Chuchi since July 1998, on behalf of the Khao Nor Chuchi Lowland Forest Project. There have been a number of interesting findings, among which has been the frequency of mammal signs, including barking deer and civets, notwithstanding the high level of human use and habitat disturbance. Most surveys were concentrated in the extreme lowland forest of the national reserve forest, rather than in the (mainly hilly) wildlife sanctuary itself. The data collected will go towards production of a small handbook on biodiversity monitoring methods, and in producing a biodiversity profile for the sanctuary

Major management achievements implemented during 1998 have been the redemarcation of ca. 22 km of the boundary of the Bang Khram National Reserve Forest with 140 new concrete posts, and detailed mapping and ground-checking of land-use carried out thanks to the collaboration of the Forest Engineering Division, Royal Forest Department and the Nakhon Si Thammarat Regional Forest Office. This now sets the stage for the next phase of the project, which, it is hoped will lead to zoning of land inside the National Reserve Forest, allowing for rehabilitation of forest habitat in some key corridors.

Local people in the village of Ban Bang Tieo remain relentless hunters of wildlife. However, they now have to contend with much more active suppression and protection efforts than at any time in the past three years, thanks to the good work of Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary Superintendent, Mr. Komol Jaisawang, and his staff. One poacher, Sommai Kaewphloi, was caught red-handed with a dead mouse-deer and a wild boar in Khao Pra-Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary at 0130 h on 5 November 1998. The culprit was gaoled at Khlong Thom police and subsequently released on bail. An arrest warrant was also issued for another Bang Tieo villager, Wichian Kaewphloi, who ran from the crime scene. Both villagers are relatives of the Ban Bang Tieo village headman, Mr. Somporn Kaewphloi.

A young wild boar was rescued from one of a long line of snares (raew) set in the forest during mid-December,and released. A young Pig-tailed Macaque, found in another line of snares on Phaen Din Samur during early December, is now making a recovery at the sanctuary headquarters since it had damaged one of its legs in the struggles to free itself. In both cases, the snare-lines were dismantled and destroyed by wildlife sanctuary staff.

Forest clearance has continued apace during 1998. The cumulative number of clearings in the project area of Bang Khram Reserve Forest and the adjacent parts of the wildlife sanctuary, rose from 127 in May 1998 to over 140 by October 1998 and new clearings are still appearing, so that the present number approaches 170 at present. This is no reflection on the performance of the current sanctuary superintendent and his men, who are working as hard as they can to undo the damage created by the poor performance of his two predecessors, during March 1996 to October 1997. During that period, so many problems were allowed to build up that only prolonged and sustained commitment by both RFD and province authorities will even begin to halt the latest round of forest encroachment. A further complication is that some village leaders (e.g., deputy village headmen and other Tambol Administrative Organization members) and their relatives are themselves engaged in clearing forest to plant oil-palm. This creates a bad feeling among the law-abiding majority in the village. Some other villagers, even if they do not clear forest themselves, are prepared to sell national reserve forest land to outsiders who come in and clear forest. These outsiders usually claim to be poor and landless, but this is not usually true. Most already have a small, but sufficient, area of land with proper legal land documents, elsewhere in adjacent provinces such as Nakhon Si Thammarat. This can be sold at a high price, enabling them to buy a roughly ten-times greater of land lacking documents inside the national reserve forest. Sure in the knowledge that they will go unpunished, thanks to the lack of any coherent government policy on forest and land-issues, they invest much money in planting oil-palm (now the crop of choice over rubber, even for smallholders). KNCP staff are assisting Mr. Kamol and Krabi province administration to monitor the situation.

Contributed by Khao Nor Chuchi Lowland Forest Project

RECENT REPORTS August-October 1998

Over 100 Indian Shags were seen nesting at Wat Nimitsatharam, Phanat Nikhom (Chonburi) on 14 August (UB, TT). This is a new site for this nationally threatened species. An Oriental Darter was seen in flight over Prawase (Bangkok) on 1 October (KR).

Two Great-billed Herons were reported from Khlong 5, Phru To Daeng (Narathiwat) on 14 October (TT). This is an extraordinary record of a globally threatened species which has not been reliably recorded in Thailand for many years. It has not proved possible to substantiate any other post-1980 records, so some follow-up of the current sighting is urgently required, especially as the habitat (Melaleuca scrub, freshwater canal and open grass field) seems atypical for this primarily coastal species.

A juvenile Malayan Night-Heron was seen at Khao Nor Chuchi (Krabi) on 28 October (HJ). 112 Painted Storks, together with 25 Spot-billed Pelicans, were feeding on a huge (ca. 1 km2) prawn-pond which was being drained near Wat Khao Takhrao, Ban Laem District (Phetchaburi) on 12 September (AW). 50 Painted Storks and 4 Spot-billed Pelicans were still present on 23 September (PC). A single Milky Stork was seen in this flock on 24 September (PC) and 25 September (PC,AS,ST et al.), with 3 on 28 September (JV et al.) and 4 on 29 September (TT). One Milky Stork was present until at least 4 October (SS). There is only one previous record of Milky Stork for Thailand, a specimen collected from Satun Province, over 60 years ago. A single bird at Samut Prakan in winter 1993-1994 was presumed to have been an escape from captivity. The origins of the present birds might perhaps be questioned, but the most likely explanation is that they are of Cambodian origin. Some Painted Storks have been seen in the Samut Songkhram to Phetchaburi over many years during the period September to November. Movements of storks and pelicans have also been seen in the hills dividing Thailand from Burma and elsewhere. Where do these birds come from and where? Movements of larger waterbirds are little understood. Do they constitute regular migrations or less regular, opportunistic dispersive movements?

Osprey was reported from Ban Laem district (Phetchaburi) on 12 September (AW). About 350 Black Bazas and 4-5 Grey-faced Buzzards flew west over the prawn-ponds near Samut Songkhram on 24 October (PDR). A male Japanese Sparrowhawk was reported from Khao Yai on 1 September (TT) with another (age/sex not noted) at Rangjan (Samut Sakhon) on 12 September (KUWC). A male Pied Harrier was seen at Lam Ta Seng, Bung Boraphet (Nakhan Sawan) on 10 October (WPA, SP). A pair of Bat Hawks were observed breeding in the Bala part of Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) from early June, when a nest was being built 40 m up in a Koompasssia excelsa tree (ST). A single young was reported to have hatched on or around 20 September (ST). The part-grown single young, white with feathers in pin, was being fed when visited by UT on 17 October.

The first Grey-headed Lapwing of the autumn was seen at Wat Kusalot, Sena District (Ayutthaya) on 1 October (KR). About 20 Eurasian Curlew, 5 Black-tailed Godwits, 2 Asian Dowitchers, and 5-6 Broad-billed Sandpipers were reported from Rangjan on 12 September, with 80 Black-tailed Godwits on the following day (KUWC). 20 Spotted Redshank at the same locality on 12 September (KUWC) seems an atypically early date for this later-arriving species. A single Caspian Tern and two Gull-billed Terns at Bang Kaew (Phetchaburi) on 22 August (AW) were unusually early records. Over 20 Great Crested Terns were seen at Tambol Pakthalae, Ban Laem District on 26 September (AW).

Two Pink-necked Pigeons were seen at Bung Boraphet on 3 October (EH,UT) with a flock of more than 10 at Ban Laem in early October (SP). A Chestnut-winged Cuckoo was seen at the headquarters of Huai Kha Khaeng (Uthai Thani) on 15 September (KI). A colony of White-bellied Swiftlets was found at a waterfall in near Ya De, Bala, Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary on 2 October when many nests had 2 eggs (TT). Westwards passage of Blue-tailed Bee-eaters was apparent at Rangjan during 12-13 September (KUWC). A Crested Kingfisher was reported from Mae Wong National Park (Nakhon Sawan) on 9 August (KUWC) and another from Tao Dam Waterfall, Khlong Wang Chao National Park (Kamphaengphet) on 6 September (WS). A migrant black-backed Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher was seen at Rangjan on 13 September (KUWC) and a presumably resident pair at Tabo-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary, Phetchabun on 13 August (KUWC). The earliest Black-capped Kingfishers were at Huai Kha Khaeng (seen daily, 13-16 September; KI) and at Khao Sam Roi Yot (Prachuap Khiri Khan) on 19 September (AW). A Eurasian Wryneck was seen at Lam Ta Seng, Bung Boraphet on 10 October (WPA,SP).

Three pairs of Wire-tailed Swallows were reported from Mae Hia, (Chiang Mai) on 18 September (JK). Striated Swallows were seen nest-building in Tabo-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary (Phetchabun) during 12-15 August (KUWC). A single Burmese Yuhina was seen at Mae Wong on 9 August (KUWC).

Stonechats were perhaps moving through Huai Kha Khaeng on passage during mid-September, with 20 birds in the Kapuk Kapieng Sub-station compound on 11 September. Numbers had declined to ca. 5 by 17 September (KI). The earliest Siberian Blue Robin was a male at Huai Kha Khaeng on 11 September (KI). Two further male Siberian Blue Robins were seen at Rangjan on 12 September, when other migrants included 3-4 Eastern Crowned Warblers and 2 Pallas's Grasshopper Warblers (KUWC). The earliest recorded Eastern Crowned Warbler was at Kasetsart University, Bangkhen on 29 August (KUWC) and the first Dusky Warbler at Ban Laem on 26 September (BCST). A Yellow-vented Warbler was reported from Doi Khun Tan National Park (Lampang) on 24 October (TT). Black-browed Reed Warblers were first noted on 20 September at Raminthra (Bangkok) (UT).

The earliest-reported Asian Brown Flycatchers were on 13 September at Ban Laem (AW), and Rangjan (3 birds; KUWC). Two Dark-sided Flycatchers were seen at Huai Kha Khaeng on 13 September (KI). Adult male Yellow-rumped Flycatchers were seen at Kasetsart University, Bangkhen on 24 August and 12 September (KUWC); Rangjan (Samut Sakhon), 31 August (KB), 12 September (KUWC); and Huai Kha Khaeng, 12 September (KI). There were said to be 6-7 Yellow-rumped Flycatchers at Rangjan the following day (KWC). A further bird, thought to be a male "Green-backed" Narcissus Flycatcher (race elisae) was also reported (KUWC), but the description supplied was inadequate to confirm this. Another male Yellow-rumped Flycatcher was seen at Thung Salaeng Luang (Phitsanuloke) on 19 September (BCST) with female or immatures at Wat Asokaram (Samut Prakan) on 13 September (PC, AS,ST), Huai Kha Khaeng on 15 September and 16 September (KI) and Ban Laem, 26 September (BCST). Khao Nor Chuchi (Krabi) produced a Ferruginous Flycatcher and a first-year male glaucicomans Blue-throated Flycatcher on 27 October, with a second first-year male glaucicomans on 28 October (KB,YM).

A presumed migrant Asian Paradise-flycatcher was seen, along with Arctic Warbler and Tiger Shrike in mangroves at Ban Laem on 12 September (AW) A female Japanese Paradise-flycatcher was claimed nearby in the ground of Bang Tabun Witaya School on 13 September (AW). Three more Asian Paradise-flycatchers, thought to be the race incei, were seen at Rangjan on 12 September with 4-5 on the following day (KUWC). Another (race not noted) was at Wat Asokaram on 13 September (PC,AS,ST). There were 3 Tiger Shrikes at Rangjan on 12 September (KUWC). Tiger Shrikes were seen daily in Huai Kha Khaeng during 11-16 July (KI). The earliest Brown Shrike was at Tabo-Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary on 17 August (KUWC) and a Burmese Shrike was seen at Thung Salaeng Luang on 19 September (BCST). A Burmese Shrike was seen in Lumphini Park on 3 October (BCST). The earliest Forest Wagtails were 2 birds at Tabo Forest Plantation (Phetchabun) on 13 August (KUWC). 2 Grey Wagtails were seen in Khao Yai on 18 July (BCST); 4 at Mae Wong on 8 August and 6-7 at Tabo Forest Plantation on 13 August (KUWC). A leucopsis race White Wagtail at Kapuk Kapieng, Huai Kha Khaeng, on 16 September (KI) was an early record. A steady trickle of Yellow Wagtails flew westwards along the coast at Rangjan during 12-13 September (KUWC). There were 3 White-shouldered Starlings at Khao Sam Roi Yot on 27 September (BBT); 20 at Lam Ta Seng on 10 October (WPA,SP) and 6 Purple-backed Starlings at Bangkhen on 13 September (KUWC) with a further Purple-backed Starling at Muang District, Prachuap Khiri Khan on 19 September (AW). A female Asian Golden Weaver was seen feeding young in a nest at Bung Boraphet (Nakhon Sawan) on 3 October (EH,UT). A male House Sparrow was seen at Sanam Luang (Bangkok) on 3 September (WS). 400 House Sparrows, thought to be a roosting concentration, were seen at Khlong Larn (Kamphaengphet) on 15 August (KUWC). Chestnut Munias were seen in grassy areas around the margin of prawn-ponds in Ban Laem 12 September (AW) and 6 adults and ca. 20 juveniles at Rangjan on the same date (KUWC).

Contributors: Weeradej Panomkhan Na Ayudhaya, Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Booby Bird Tour, Ukris Borvornwinyanant, Klos Bunthavee, Prathomhol Charoenjai, Ed Hagen, Kalan Ickes, Hendrik Jakob, Kasetsart University Wildlife Club, Jitpong Kuawong, Chamlong Mamodjob, Yotin Meekaeo, Sutirak Nongkaeo, Dome Prathumthong, Suwicha Pramjaicheun, Kant Rattanajun, Philip D. Round, Wachara Sanguansombat, Visut Sittichaya, Athakrit Sriyabhaya, Suthee Supparatvikorn, Sukanya Thanombudha, Tippamas Tantitadapitak, Siriporn Thongaree, Uthai Treesucon, Jitnat Visetchinda, Aunchana Wattanayuth.

Compiled by Philip D. Round and Roongroj Jugmongkol

RECENT REPORTS May - August 1998

Scarcer Residents

An Oriental Darter was seen near Ayuthhaya on 3 July (SM). Malayan Night-Heron was seen at Khao Ang Ru Nai WS (Chachoengsao) on 28 June, near the guard station for Bor Thong waterfall (KUWSC), a Black Baza at Mae Wong National Park (Nakhon Sawan) on 29 May (KUWSC); a Rufous-winged Buzzard at Phu Si Than Wildlife Sanctuary (Kalasin) on 24 May (KUWSC); and a Wallace's Hawk Eagle at Khao Chong (Trang) on 9 July (TT).

A Slaty-legged Crake was seen on Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary (Uthai Thani) on 15 May (WS). There was a single male Malaysian Plover at the newly-established Thung Thalae Non Hunting Area, Ko Lanta (Krabi) on 7 August (KB,PJ,KR), with 4 more, 2 males and 2 females, along with 10 Little Terns, at Pranburi Forest Park (Prachuap) on 11 June (JV). There were 3 Northern Thick-knees on fields at Kanchanaburi Horticultural Research Station on 25 June; 5 on 29 June and 2 on 9 July (IG). Other records of this species came from Phanat Nikhom (Cholburi) where a nest and two eggs was found on 20 February 1996; two birds were seen in March 1997, and a single bird was seen on 5 March 1998 (WJ).

A male Savanna Nighthar was seen at Tambol Nong Ya (Kanchanaburi) on 7 June (PDR,TT). A Cinnamon-rumped Trogon (sex not reported) was claimed from Khao Chong on 13 July (TT). A pair of Crested Kingfishers was seen at Khlong Khlung, Mae Wong on 29 May (KUWSC) and a Pied Kingfisher at Wa Ko (Prachuap) on 1 June (JV). A Red -crowned Barbet was noted at Thung Khaay Botanical Garden (Trang), 22 April (KUWSC). A White-browed Piculet near the headquarters of Khao Sok National Park on 3 June (TT) is possibly only the third record of this species south of the Kra Isthmus. 4 Black-and-red Broadbills were seen at Khao Ang Ru Nai on 6 July (KUWSC). Giant Pitta and Chestnut-capped Thrush were both heard singing at Bang Tieo (Krabi) on 15 August (YM,AP,PDR).

A male Orange-headed Thrush was seen along the access road to Phu Kum Khao, Nam Nao National Park (Phetchabun) on 1 June (PJ, NN,JS). Four Coral-billed Scimitar-Babblers were reported from Km 93, Mae Wong on 20 May (KUWSC) and 3-4 Red-billed Scimitar Babblers on Khao Khieo, HKK on 16 May (WS).

A male Gould's Sunbird in full plumage at Doi Ang Khang on 23 August (UT) is further grounds for suspicion that this is a breeding, rather than a wintering, bird in the north.

Asian Golden Weavers were found nesting near Bang Mot (Bangkok) on 1 August (TP) where there were said to be 30-40 birds, including recently fledged young. Three pairs of Streaked Weavers were nest-building at Wat Ban Khaay (Rayong) on 20 May and 2 June (UB,TT).

Spring migration

We are still receiving records from the spring migration, the most significant of which are: White-throated Needletail at Khao Khieo, HKK on 4 May (WS); Black-capped Kingfisher on 14 May at Khao Nang Rum, HKK; 100 Asian House Martins on Khao Khieo, HKK on 4 May, and still a few present as late as 23 May (WS).

The latest record of Siberian Rubythroat (a male) was from Lat Krabang (Bangkok) on 20 April (P?). There was a female White-throated Rock Thrush at Khao Khieo, HKK on 8 May; a male Siberian Thrush on 4 May (WS), with the last Eyebrowed Thrush at the same site on 5 May (WS). A Dusky Warbler reported from Mae Wong on 30 May (KUWSC) would, if accepted, be the latest spring record for this winter visitor. A Brown-chested Flycatcher was seen and photographed on Khao Khieo, HKK on 2 May (WS). 2-3 Ferruginous Flycatchers were seen at the same site on 2-3 May, with possibly as many as 20 birds in total being present from then until 9 May (WS). An estimated 25 Dark-sided Flycatchers were present during 5-7 May, with a female Mugimaki Flycatcher on 3 May and 3 males on 5 May (WS). A Yellow-rumped Flycatcher was seen at Thung Khaay on 22 April (KUWSC).

A late spring migrant report was of a macronyx race Yellow Wagtail at the Science Park, Wa Ko on 1 June (JV). Tiger Shrikes were reported from Thung Khaay on 22 April (KUWSC) and Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng (2-3 daily during 3-19 April: WS).

Autumn migration

A female Lesser Frigatebird was seen off Thung Thale on 7 August (KB,PJ,KR). 8 Eurasian Curlew were present at Ban Tha Maphrao (Krabi) on 5 August and 5 Greater Sand Plovers on Ko Lanta Yai on 7 August (KB,PJ,KR). There were only about 30 Whimbrel and 50 Sand Plovers (both Lessers and Greaters) at Paknam Krabi on 16 August (AP,PDR).

The earliest Grey Wagtail was at Khao Yai on 4 July (SM). A Forest Wagtail was seen at Nam Nao on 9 August (BC). A Tiger Shrike was reported from Nam Nao on either 26 or 27 July (KI), and another from the foot of Doi Chiang Dao on 24 August (UT). The earliest arrivals are usually suspected to be adults, though since adult Tiger Shrike has a complete moult into a non-breeding plumage, adults and immatures can be difficult to distinguish in autumn.

Nesting records

A Malayan Night Heron incubating at a nest in Kaeng Krachan (Phetchaburi) during 30-31 May (SP,TT,ST) was said to be very shy and easily disturbed. A young bird apparently fledged from this nest on 19 June (Anon). A female Kalij Pheasant was seen with 3-4 young, Khao Khieo, HKK, 23 May (WS). Incubating Crested Treeswifts were found at Phu Khieo (Chaiyaphum) 20 May (KUWSC) and Khao Ang Ru Nai on 28 June (KUWSC). In both cases, the adults shared incubation, swapping over at intervals throughout the day. An adult Spotted Wood Owl with two juveniles was seen at Khao Chong during 11-13 July (TT). A pair of Diard's Trogons with a single young were also found on 13 July (TT). A single young Rufous-necked Hornbill fledged from a nest on Khao Khieo, HKK only 8 minutes after the female broke out on 25 May (WS). A female Grey-headed Woodpecker was apparently excavating a nest-hole at HKK on 21 May (WS). Two nests of Black-and-red Broadbill (one building; one feeding young in the nest) were found at Ban Klang, and on the way to Khao Pakarang, Kaeng Krachan during 19-20 June (Anon.). A Silver-breasted Broadbill was incubating at Pong Phai-Pong Hai, Phu Khieo on 14 May (KUWSC). A Lesser Green Leafbird was feeding young on the point of fledging at Thung Kaay, 22 April (KUWSC). Black-crested Bulbul was incubating at Huai Thaak, A. Ngao (Lampang) during 27 March to 2 April (KUWSC) while an Olive Bulbul was seen with a fledgling at Khao Khieo, HKK on 23 May (WS). A Racket-tailed Treepie was incubating at Km 11, Kaeng Krachan on 19-20 June (Anon.).

A pair of Streaked Wren Babblers were nest building at Khao Khieo, HKK on 7 May, while another complete nest of the same species was found at a second site on the mountain on 15 May (WS). A Black-throated Laughingthrush was incubating on 22 May near the Thung Wilai Watershed station, Phu Khieo (KUWSC). A nest and two eggs of White-browed Shortwing was seen on the summit of Doi Inthanon on 7 June (CB,JC); and a nest and three eggs of White-tailed Robin at Mae Puh, Doi Ang Khang (Chiang Mai) on 17 June (PDR). An incubating White-crowned Forktail was found at Doi Inthanon on 4 April (KUWSC), while 3 young fledged from another White-crowned Forktail nest on Doi Suthep on 27 April (CB,JK). An incubating Orange-headed Thrush was seen on a nest at Khao Khieo, HKK on 16 May (WS). A Yellow-bellied Prinia was incubating near the Nature Walkway, Sirindhorn Research Center Phru To Daeng (Narathiwat) 11 April (KUWSC). At Khao Khieo, HKK, a recently fledged juvenile Verditer Flycatcher, was seen with an adult female on 18 May, and a juvenile Blue-throated Flycatcher with a male in attendance on 19 May (WS). Two nests of Hill Blue Flycatcher were found on Doi Pui on 3 May (CB,JK).


Ugrit Borvornwinyanunt, Chookiat Boonthanom, Klos Bunthavi, BirdLife Club, Ian Grange, Kalan Ickes, Pathomphon Jaroenjai, Wacharee Joraka, Panuwat Julawat, Kasetsart University Wildlife Study Club, Jitpong Keuawong, Yotin Meekaeo, Susan Myers, Nomjit Nualnetr, Thanya Patarayutwat, Anita Pedersen, Siriporn Phumpakaan Kant Ratanajun, Philip D. Round, Jate Sangkutthong, Wachara Sangualsombat, Santi Tantawiwong, Thippamart Tantitadapitak Uthai Treesucon, Chavalit Vidthayanon, Janti Vindachai, Preeya ?

Compiled by Philip D. Round and Roongroj Jugmongkol

Renewed Forest Encroachment at Ban Nai Chong

The patch of lowland rain forest at Ban Nai Chong, Muang District, Krabi is under renewed threat. BCST survey workers working with the Khao Nor Chuchi Lowland Forest Project noticed two new clearings in part of the forest on 8 August. When the researchers visited the site on 8 August, they found a Surat Thani registered pickup truck transporting trees for planting on two plots, each 100 m long by 12 m wide.

BCST has written to Dr Sira Chavanavirach, Governor of Krabi, in order to request his personal intervention to stop this encroachment.

Although Ban Nai Chong is a very small area of forest, perhaps only 1-2 sq. km. it still supports a rich forest avifauna. Gould's Frogmouth, Checker-throated Woodpecker, Black-throated Babbler and Malaysian Rail-babbler are all still found at this site. The towering trees which line both sides of the road at Ban Nai Chong make a refreshing change from the monotonous expanses of rubber and oil-palm found elsewhere in the province.

Kor Bor 8 (a forest protection unit under the Krabi Province Forest Office) is only 1-2 km away from where the new encroachment has taken place, so there is no reasonable excuse for not acting swiftly. Ironically, and sadly, it was a Thai government agency which previously destroyed most of the forest at Khao Chong in order to set up an agricultural extension station, during 1985-1986. Since then, however, the greatly diminished area of forest has stayed more or less intact, although the area has also been disturbed by a subsequent (RFD) project involving experimental planting of rattans. The huge Parashorea and other trees lining the road are nonetheless a magnificent site, greeting all visitors to Krabi town. The site remains firmly on the itinerary of the many visiting birdwatchers who have helped boost tourism in Krabi, along with Khao Nor Chuchi and Krabi mangroves. So BCST is hoping for a speedy response to put an end to this latest encroachment from Krabi Province Administration.

RECENT REPORTS December 1997-May 1998

Seabirds, passage migrants and scarce visitors

There were 30-40 Lesser Frigatebirds and a Short-tailed Shearwater ca. 5-10 km SE of Ko Phi Phi Don (Krabi) on 8 May (SB, RM,RT). The same trip produced 5 Common Terns, 10 Black-naped Terns, 200 Bridled Terns and 20 White-winged Terns (SB, RM,RT).

A sighting of a breeding plumage Indian Pond Heron in paddies at A. Muang (Krabi) on 22 May (PDR,SS), near the same site where a bird was seen a year ago, suggests this species is an annual non-breeding visitor in the peninsula. Male Schrenck's Bitterns were recorded at Khao Pu-Khao Ya (Phatthalung) during mid-December 1997, 26 February 1998; and during 20-26 April (photographed; MC). A female Schrenck's Bittern was seen at Phaen Din Samur (Krabi/Trang) on 18 May (RT) with two Black Bitterns at Bang Tieo on 10 May (RT). Fifty Black Bazas were present at a roost at the Kamphaengsaen scout camp (Nakhon Pathom) on 22 February (TT). A Water Rail was seen at Nong Bong Khai, Chiang Saen (Chiang Rai) on 16 April (TT), two Common Ringed Plovers at Rim Khong, Chiang Saen on 16 April (TT), while a breeding plumage Oriental Plover on a sand beach at Lun Tee Bay, Ko Phi Phi Don on 7 May was a "first" for the Thai peninsula (SB, RM,RT).

A Chestnut-winged Cuckoo was seen at Mae Jo (Chiang Mai) on 13 March, together with a "Grey" Cuckoo, either Common or, more likely, migrant Oriental Cuckoo (RK).

Ruddy Kingfishers, presumed passage migrants, were seen at Thung Salaeng Luang (Phitsanuloke) during (11-14)April; TT), Khao Pu-Khao Ya (photographed) on 25 April (MC), Khung Krabaen Bay (Chanthaburi) on 26 April (BS) and Bang Tieo (where the species was at least formerly resident) on 21 May (PJ). An unusually late date for Black-capped Kingfisher was 11 May at Kaeng Krachan (W&EM, UT).

The last Siberian Blue Robins at Bang Tieo were recorded on 2 May, 4 May and 10 May (RT). A White-throated Rock Thrush was seen near Khao Yai headquarters on 12 April (WN); a Black-breasted Thrush at Doi Inthanon (Km 37) on 15 March (RK), with Grey-sided Thrushes from the summit of Doi Pui (3 on 7 February, RK) and the upper slopes of Doi Inthanon (2 on 28 February and 15 March: RK). Lanceolated Warblers were recorded at Bang Tieo on 9 May, on 10 May (3 birds; RT) and 21 May (PJ). A Brown-chested Flycatcher was seen at Hala-Bala on 30 April ((TT); Dark-sided Flycatchers at Bang Tieo on 14 May (RT) and Kaeng Krachan on 18 May (W&EM,UT); and a Mugimaki Flycatcher at Thung Saleng Luang during (11-14) April (TT). The latest Yellow-rumped Flycatcher at Bang Tieo was a female or immature on 4 May (RT). A female Blue-and-white Flycatcher was seen on Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng (Uthai Thani) on 17 April (WS). A male and female Japanese Paradise-flycatcher were seen at Khung Krabaen Bay on 26 April (BS). Tiger Shrikes were recorded from Khung Krabaen Bay on 26 April (BS) and at Bang Tieo as follows: males 1 May and 7 May; females 2 May and 12 May (KR, RT). A Rosy Pipit was reported from Patang (Chiang Rai) on 20 February (PJu,NN).

Scarce breeders, nesting records, etc.

A Malayan Night Heron heard calling in Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary (Narathiwat) on 27 April (TS,JS,TT,UT), suggesting at least the possibility of breeding there. Its name notwithstanding, it is, so far as known, a non-breeding visitor to the Thai-Malay Peninsula.

A Lesser Fish Eagle was seen on the Khlong Sok, Khao Sok National Park (Surat Thani) on 9 May , with a possible Grey-headed Fish Eagle on the following day (WN). An adult Wallace's Hawk-Eagle was seen at Bang Tieo on 6 May (KR). Two Long-billed Patrtridges were reported from Km 18, Kaeng Krachan on 12 April (PD, WS) and a female with two young was in the same general area on 16 May (TT). Two Northern Thick-knees were seen near Tambol Nong-ya (Kanchanaburi) on 23 April (IG), with three more on an open grassy area at Bang Phra on 9 May (BS). "Many" Pheasant-tailed Jacanas were present at Bang Poo on 22 April (S?, M?). A pair of Greater Paintedsnipe with 2 small young was seen at Bang Phra (Chonburi) on 9 May (BS).

Two Little Green Pigeons (both females) were seen at Khao Lak Kai, Khlong Thom (Krabi) on 22 May (PJ, YM,KR,RT); there was a "large flock" of Orange-breasted Pigeons at Wa Ko (Prachuap Khiri Khan) on 1 February (TT); while 2 male and 3 female Pink-necked Pigeons appeared at Suan Bang Mot (Bangkok) on 18 April (CP). A Yellow-footed Pigeon at Km 12, Doi Inthanon on 23 May (W&EM,UT) was a rare and welcome sighting.

A singing Common Cuckoo was present at Doi Ang Khang (Chiang Mai) on 24 May, as were 3 Lesser Cuckoos (one seen and 2 heard) (W&EM,UT).

Two Short-toed Coucals, heard at Hala Bala on 29-30 April (TS,JS,TT,UT), were the first records of a species whose presence in Thailand had long been predicted. At least 3 Gould's Frogmouths were heard at Hala-Bala on 27 April (TS,JS,TT,UT) with 3 Gould's Frogmouths, 6-7 Javan Frogmouths and a Reddish Scops Owl (the latter heard only) near Khao Pu-Khao Ya National Park headquarters (Phattalung) on 24-25 May (MC,PDR). A White-fronted Scops Owl seen in daylight near Huai Mae Dee, Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary on 16 March (B&JS,UT) was a major northern extension of the range of this Sundaic species. Three White-fronted Scops Owls were found roosting together at Hala-Bala on 28 April (TS,JS,TT,UT).

Nests of Pacific Swifts with eggs and young were observed at Nam Lod Cave, Soppong, (Mae Hongson) during 12-14 May (PDR), though Himalayan Swiftlets, reportedly roosting there during the winter months, were almost certainly absent. A pair of Cinnamon-rumped Trogons was seen at Bang Tieo on 16 May (PJ).

Rufous-collared Kingfishers were recorded from the Khlong Kolok area of Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary during 28-29 April (TT,UT); from Bang Tieo on 6 May (a male; KR) and Ban Nai Chong (Krabi), a pair, on 21 May (YM).

A pair of Rufous-bellied Woodpeckers at the known site at Soppong had a single fledged young on 12 May (PDR). A Hooded Pitta was reported from Suan Faak Faa, Sanam Chai Khaet (Chachoengsao) during 1-3 May (WN). Two Garnet Pittas were recorded from one of the few previously known localities in the far south, along the Khlong Kolok, Hala-Bala on 22 April (TT). A nest and 3 eggs of Striped Tit-Babbler was seen at Khao Lak Kai on 22 May (PJ, YM,KR,RT). White-browed Laughingthrush was recorded from Patang on 20 February (PJ,NN). Three Rufous-tailed Shamas were seen at Hala-Bala on 1 May and two more on 2 May (TS,JS,TT,UT). There were also 2 Chestnut-capped Thrushes at Hala-Bala on 28 April (TS,JS,TT,UT); two more fed on fallen fruit beneath a fig-tree near Bang Tieo on 20 May (KR), one of which was again seen on 23 May (PDR). A nest and 2 young of Fulvous-chested Flycatcher was seen in the slot cut by a resin tapper in a Dipterocarpus tree at Khao Lak Kai on 22 May ((PJ,YM,KR,RT). A nest of the resident siamensis race of Asian Brown Flycatcher was seen at Doi Chiang Dao on 8 May, with a second pair close by with two fledged young (PDR).

There were 2 Chestnut Munias at Bang Poo on 22 April (S?, M?); 10 Asian Golden Weavers of both sexes, together with unfinished nests in Samanea trees (???) around fish-ponds at the Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, 21 May (NN); and two male and three female House Sparrows on electric wires at Tilosu Waterfall, Umphang (Tak) on 8 May (KC, CP).

Contributors: Soeren Breinholt, Khamneung Chaichana, Michel Ciselet, Porametr Dutpiyah, Ian Grange, Pathomphon Jaroenjai, Panuwat Julawat (PJu), William and Eleanor Marr, Yotin Meekaeo, Rikke Mortensen, Wiphaphan Nakphaen, Nomjit Nualnetr, Chanya Patarayudwat, Chainnarong Plabnoi, Kant Ratanajun, Philip D. Round, Thaworn Sarimanond, Jitraporn Satamai, Dr. Samaisukh Sophasan, Ben and Jean Svrjcek, Thippamas Tantitadapitak, Wallada Tesrumpan, Uthai Treesucon, Rasmus Turin, Sophon ? and Monsini ?

List of birds were also received from Panuwat Julawat and Nomjit Nualnetr for Sri Phang-nga National Park (Phang-nga), and from the Krung Ching area of Khao Luang National Park (Nakhon Si Thammarat); and from Khao Sok National Park headquarters area (BCST Trip).

Compiled by Philip D. Round and Roongroj Jugmongkol

RECENT REPORTS, January-April 1998

A few late-submitted records dating from the midwinter period lead on into the spring proper, with a bumper harvest of breeding records and observations of passage migrants. One is reminded how the efforts of a few observers can make all the difference from month to month. Thank you one and all for sending in your records.

As a reminder, I should mention that while we get lots of records for the first arriving commoner migrants in autumn, and always a good number of records for passage migrants in both autumn and spring, we get relatively few records detailing the last recorded dates in spring of commoner wintering species. When did you see your last Common Kingfisher, your last Brown Shrike, Common Stonechat, Blue Rock Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat or Inornate Warbler? Please let us know!

The drake Mallard was still present on the Chiang Rai area, on Nong Bong Khai, Chiang Saen (Chiang Rai) on 5 April along with a Spot-billed Duck (PD,PS,SS). Six further Spot-billed Ducks were seen on the Mekong River nearby (PD,PS,SS). Black Bazas were noted at Khao Pu-Khao Ya (Phatthalung) on 6 March and 17 March (MG). A Short-toed Eagle and 4 Chinese Goshawks were reported from Kaeng Krachan NP (Phetchaburi) on 2 April (WBSJ Tour). Other Chinese Goshawks were reported from Khao Pu-Khao Ya on 16 March (MG) and Khao Sok (Surat Thani) on 14 April (NCC). An immature Northern Goshawk was seen on Doi Inthanon (Chiang Mai) on 2 March (PM) and an adult White-bellied Sea Eagle at Langsuan (Chumphon) on 15 April (CB). A probable Bat Hawk was seen near Bang Tieo (Krabi) on 16 April (RT). One male and two female Hume's Pheasants were seen in the vicinity of Den Ya Khat, Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary (Chiang Mai) during 2-3 April (TT).

A Yellow-legged Buttonquail at Bang Khram (Krabi) on 27 March (YM) was the first record for the peninsula south of Chumphon, and confirms from villagers' previous reports of the presence two species of buttonquail in the area. The bird was taken by a villager, dazzled at a roost along with a Blue-breasted Quail, and was photographed.

A Watercock together with one or two Slaty-breasted Rails on a pond at Bang Tieo on 8-9 April (YM,PDR) were thought to be north-bound passage migrants. A Water Rail was seen at Nong Bong Khai (Chiang Saen) on 21 February (MN,WN,KS) and another reportedly seen daily on Ko Samui (Surat Thani) during 25 February-3 March (MG). Three Black-tailed Crakes were present near the Den Ya Khat, Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary during 25-27 March (TT), thus confirming an earlier report of the species at this site.

Two Red-necked Phalaropes were seen on the Mekong River at Chiang Saen on 5 April (PD,PS,SS). A Sharp-tailed Sandpiper was photographed at Bangpoo (Samut Prakan) on 30 March (KS). A nesting colony of ca. 30 Red-breasted Parakeets was found in tall Dipterocarpus alatus in the grounds of Wat Suan Yai, Bang Kruay (Nonthaburi) on 7 March, while a male and female Rose-ringed Parakeet were investigating a nest-hole at Suan Bang Phlat (Bangkok) on the same day (SK,PP,SP,SPar). Might this species establish itself from escaped cagebirds as it has done in so many other countries?

Single Chestnut-winged Cuckoos were seen at Huai Mae Dee, Huai Kha Khaeng on 17 March; Kaeng Krachan on 20 March (B&JS,UT) and 21 March (BCST); and in the dry dipterocarp forest on the lower slopes of Doi Inthanon on 30 March (WBSJ Tour). A Drongo Cuckoo and a male Asian Emerald Cuckoo were seen in Lumphini Park (Bangkok) on 18 February (MN,WN,KS,SoP). A Spotted Wood Owl was seen at Laem Son (Ranong) on 5 February (MG). The first migrant Blue-tailed Bee-eaters (10 birds) were noted at Khao Pu-Khao Ya on 8 March (MG), and heavy passage was noted in the Bang Tieo-Bang Khram area during 8-10 April (PDR). A black-backed Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher was seen at Pattaya (Chonburi) on 26 March (BL). A Ruddy Kingfisher at Kaeng Krachan on 21 March (BCST) was presumed to have been a migrant as (certainly) was another at Doi Ang Khang (Chiang Mai) on 4 April (TT).

The earliest Hooded Pitta was at Wat Kaew (Krabi) on 29 March, with another at Thung Tieo on 31 March (YM). Migrant Blue-winged Pittas were heard calling in flight at night at Bang Khram from about the end of March onwards into early April (YM) and were then plentiful in the Khao Nor Chuchi Project area from about 17 April onwards (RT). Three Red-whiskered Bulbuls (a scarce bird in the Bangkok area) were seen at Mu Ban Phutthaan (Nong Khaem) on 20 April (RJ). Nest and young of White-headed Bulbul was seen on Doi Ang Khang on 20 March (TT). A Racket-tailed Treepie was heard in a Casuarina grove at Laem Talumphuk (Nakhon Si Thammarat) on 11 April (PDR).

One male and two female Fire-capped Tits were seen on the Mae Jaem Road, Doi Inthanon (Chiang Mai) on 28 January (Field Guides Tour, UT). Two Giant Nuthatches were seen near Ban Luang, Doi Ang Khang, where the species is now very scarce, on 25 March (TT). A nest and young of Giant Nuthatch was found in a Pinus kesiya tree at Doi Chiang Dao on (25-27) March (TT). A Striped Wren Babbler at Bang Tieo on 18 April (RT) is the first record in the project area since 1992. Three Spot-breasted Laughingthrushes were heard singing on Doi Ang Khang, 19 February (PK,AL,PS,UT). A Red-tailed Laughingthrush was seen together with Red-faced Liocichlas at the same site on 27 March (TT).

At least a few Siberian Blue Robins were recorded up to at least 30 April at Bang Tieo (MT,EV). A significant passage of Siberian Thrushes was noted at Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng, with 5 (3 males and 2 females) on 22 March (taking fruit of Vitex sp.); 2-6 daily thereafter to 2 April when a total of 25 Siberian Thrushes and 10 Orange-headed Thrushes was noted, feeding in a fruiting fig (WS). Another Siberian Thrush was seen at the Khok Nok Kraba Substation of Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary during 4-6 April (AP,DP). 30 Eyebrowed Thrushes were present on Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng on 29 March (WS). A male Black-breasted Thrush was seen in the Mae Puh valley on Doi Ang Khang, 19 February (PK,AL,PS,UT). Two Stub-tailed Bush Warblers were seen on Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng on 21 March (WS).

Ferruginous Flycatchers were reported from Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng, presumably on northward spring passage, as follows: one on 18 March, 3 more during 20-23 March, and one on 13 April (WS). Another was photographed in a garden in Pattaya on 13 April (BL).

The first Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, a female or immature, was seen at Khao Pu-Khao Ya on 13 March (MG) Adult males were seen at Kaeng Krachan on 17 March (B&JS, UT), 21 March (BCST), 22 March (BC) and 3 April (UT,WBSJ Tour); Khao Yai 4 April (MAA,KJ), with another bird, a female or immature, also at Kaeng Krachan on 21 April (BCST). Five Yellow-rumped Flycatchers, including 3 adult males, were recorded at Bang Tieo on 26 April (RT). A female elisae Narcissus Flycatcher ("Green-backed Flycatcher") was a new record for Khao Yai National Park on 22 April (PDR). Another female elisae wintered at Khao Pu-Khao Ya National Park (MG). Male Mugimaki Flycatchers were seen at Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng on 29 March and 15-16 April (WS), and Bang Tieo on 7 April (YM). A male Ultramarine Flycatcher was reported from Doi Ang Khang on 27 March (TT) and another at Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng on 2 April (WS). Blue-and-white Flycatchers were recorded at Km 27.5, Kaeng Krachan (two birds) on 19 March (B&JS,UT) and 21 March (AP,DP,BCST); at Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng on 29 March (KU), and at Phu Luang, a male, during 4-6 April (AP,DP).

There was a Burmese Shrike in Lumphini Park on 18 February (MN,WN,KS,SoP) and male Tiger Shrikes at Bang Tieo on 26 April and 27 April (RT). A pair of Vinous-breasted Starlings were feeding nestlings on 21 April (RJ). The nest was situated in a tamarind tree at the Phan Fa Bridge end of Ratchadamnoen Avenue (Bangkok). A Japanese White-eye was seen nest building at the side of the road near Km 31, Doi Inthanon on 31 March (UT,WBSJ). This is a new breeding record for this species, hitherto only known as a winter visitor. A pair of Ruby-cheeked Sunbirds were seen nest-building at Khao Yai, 22 April (MJ,PDR).

Mahidol University was a new locality in Bangkok for House Sparrow, when a male was seen outside the Physics Department on 10 April (MAA). Six Black-headed Greenfinches were seen near the San Pa Kia Agricultural Station on Doi Chiang Dao on 29 January (NN).

Breeding records from Khao Khieo, Huai Kha Khaeng were received from WS as follows: Great Barbet, nest and young, 4 April; Golden-throated Barbet nest and young on 29 March; 3 more nests with young 30 March; Blue-throated Barbet excavating, 8 April; Blue-eared Barbet occupied nest (probably with young), 20 March; Greater Yellownape male and female excavating, 30 March; Greater Flameback, female excavating, 12 April; Dusky Broadbill 2 nests being built, 10 March; Silver-breasted Broadbill male and female nest-building, 4 April; Long-tailed Broadbill (incubating on 18 March; feeding young 12 April); Striped Tit Babbler nest-building 13 April; Slaty-backed Forktail adult feeding fledged, short-tailed young, 3 April; Little Pied Flycatcher newly fledged young, 14 April; Black-throated Sunbird nest-building, 11 April, Little Spiderhunter nest-building, 9 April.

Contributors: Dr. Michael A. Allen, BCST Trip, Chettha Banjongvit, Boonchai Chawachoompol, Porametr Dutpiyah, Michel Giselet, Dr. Alec Gordon, Dr. Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee, Roongroj Jugmongkol, Peter Kennerley, Saravut Klaichinda, Angus Lamont, Phetch Manobavit, Yotin Meekaeo, Nature Conservancy Club, Nayana Nakawachara, Monrudee Namkhang, Wisan Namkhang, Somsak Pakdeephuvadol (SoP), Arm Panthasen, Phithoon Panyathara, Somphon Paritho (SPar), Santana Pluemshoosak, Dilok Poonsawat, Kant Ratanajun, Philip D. Round, Wachara Sanguansombat, Panuwat Sasirat, Peter Smith, Kampol Sukhumalind, Suthee Supparatvikorn, Tippamart Tantitadapitak, Uthai Treesucon, Rasmus Turin, Edward Vercruysse.


Otter Civet at Kaeng Krachan National Park

Two Otter Civets (Cynogale bennetti) were seen in Kaeng Krachan National Park, Phetchaburi by Mrs. Shanna Sheridan-Johnson on 12 March 1998, at approx. 9 a.m., along the road in lowland forest between the Km 15 and Km 18 markers. They descended to a small stream at the side of the road and, a few seconds after reaching the water, noticed the observer's presence and scurried away (but not before the all the salient features had been noted). They were brown in colour, had short, broad tails, partially webbed feet, wide mouths/snouts, and very long whiskers. The underfur was said to be buffy, with grey tips at the end of the hairs. Does anyone else know of any confirmed recent records of this species?

RECENT REPORTS, December 1997-March 1998

Thirteen Indian Shags were seen in the waterbird colony at Thasadet (Suphanburi) on 30 January (WS) and a single Painted Stork at Thale Noi (Phatthalung) on 14 January (NK). The lone Woolly-necked Stork at Kaeng Krachan was again seen on 1 February (SjP,SR,PS). There were 2 Black-headed Ibises in paddies along the road between B. Saam Thong to B. In Satharaam (Suphanburi) on 30 January (WS). Two Spot-billed Ducks were seen on Bung Boraphet on 17 March (PPD,KT). A male Mallard was present on a pond at the Plant Research Station (Chiang Rai), together with a Spot-billed Duck, 5-6 Northern Pintail and 2000 Lesser Whistling Duck on 9 February (NL) and 15 February (RK, SK). A male Tufted Duck, 3 Baer's Pochard, 12 Ferruginous Pochard, 30 Northern Shoveler and 4-5 Common Teal were present among the Garganey at Nong Bong Khai, Chiang Saen (Chiang Rai) on 27 December 1997 (WS).

Two Accipiter identified as Japanese Sparrowhawk and a Red-breasted Parakeet were seen near Taling Chan Witaya School (Suphanburi) on 30 January (WS). A roosting congregation of no fewer than 50 Black Bazas at KU Kamphaengsaen (Nakhon Pathom) on 12 February, with 40 still present on 14 February and about 30 remaining on 21 February (UB, TT), was the largest number recorded in mid-winter. There were two Eurasian Coots at Thale Noi on 17 January (PD,NK). Two Grey-headed Lapwings were seen at Nong Bong Khai on 27 December (WS) and 5 at Lat Krabang (Bangkok) on 11 February (CB).

A Great Thick-knee, the first for many years, was present on a sandbar of the Mekong River at Chiang Saen for part of one day on 26 February (AP) with a Common Ringed Plover nearby on 27 February (AP). The Common Ringed Plover seems to have been a long-stay bird as it was first reported by KS during 29-31 December. The same area held 350 Spotted Redshank and 120 Small Pratincoles on 28 December (WS). 4 Dunlin were also reported on the same day by the same observer.

Two Grey-headed Fish-Eagles were reported from KU Camp on the upper Phetchaburi River, Kaeng Krachan National Park on 7 February (RK,NL,TS). A Northern Hobby took either a Pacific Swift or a swiftlet about to enter a cave near Cave Lodge (Mae Hongson) on 4 March (JND). A male Hume's Pheasant was seen on Doi Chiang Dao (Chiang Mai) on 2 January (WS). A White-bellied Pigeon was reported from Sala Phrom Substation of Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (Chaiyaphum) on 24 January (KUWC). No fewer than 33 Treron, thought to be Orange-breasted Pigeons, were seen at Wa Ko (Prachuap Khiri Khan) on 24 January (CLTSRYG). There were 3 Large Hawk-Cuckoos and a Chestnut-winged Cuckoo at KU Kamphaengsaen on 12 February (UB,TT). Another Large Hawk-Cuckoo was seen at KU Bangkhen (Bangkok) on 17 February (KU Wildlife Club); and a female Asian Emerald Cuckoo at Bang Phat (Bangkok) on 18 January (SP).

Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl was heard calling near Soppong on 3 March (JND) and a Buffy Fish-Owl seen in swamp woodland at Thale Noi on 16 January (PD). A White-throated Needletail was present near Wilderness Lodge, 22 km west of Soppong (Mae Hongson) on 1 March (JND). Apparent northward passage of Blue-tailed Bee-eaters at Khao Pu-Khao Ya was noted from 8 March onwards (MG). Red-crowned Barbet was reported from Thung Khai Botanical Garden (Trang) on 3 February (KUWC).

Doi Patang (Nan) held Crested Finchbill, Brown-breasted Bulbul, White-browed Laughingthrush, Spot-breasted Parrotbill and White-bellied Redstart during 3-4 March (AP). This is the first record of Spot-breasted Parrotbill away from the two nearby localities of Doi Pha Hom Pok and Doi Ang Khang. A Black-eared Shrike-Babbler reported for Doi Chiang Dao on 31 December (WS) would, if accepted, be a new record for that site.

A male Chestnut-naped Forktail was seen at Namtok Chong Fa, Khao Nan National Park (Nakhon Si Thammarat) on 5 February (BC). A Grey-cheeked Warbler and Yellow-browed Tit were among other birds reported from Doi Waaw (Nan) during 16-18 January (TT).

Blunt-winged Warbler and Chestnut Bunting were both reported from Khao Sam Roi Yot on 20 February (KUWC) with a possible Paddyfield Warbler at Chiang Saen on 28 December (WS). A male Manchurian Bush Warbler was seen and heard singing at Chiang Saen on 27 February (AP). There was a female Mugimaki Flycatcher in Khao Yai on 18 February (RJ) and a male Ultramarine Flycatcher at Soppong on 3 March (JND). A White-cheeked Starling, only the second record for Thailand, was seen in Lumphini Park on 7 February (RJ). It was later photographed and was reportedly still present in early March. Though presumed to have been wild, the possibility of an escape from captivity should perhaps be considered. A juvenile Black-headed Greenfinch was reported from Phu Wiang National Park (Khon Kaen) on 29 January (AS).

Lists of recent bird sightings for Phu Hin Rong Kla and Nam Nao National Parks were submitted by PE.

Contributors: Chettha Banjongkit, Ugris Bovornwinyanant, Boonchai Chawachumphol, Children Love Thung Sam Roi Yot Group (CLTSRYG), Peter Paul van Dijk, Porametr Dutpiya, J.N. Dymond, Peter Ericsson, Michel Giselet, Alec Gordon, Roongroj Jugmongkol, Nakin Kaewbunsong, Rungsrit Kanjanavanich, Suparach Kanjanavanich, Kasetsart University Wildlife Club, Rataphol Klaichit, Naruephol Lertkanchanaporn, Nawaphan Leuangtrakul, Andrew Pierce, Somjai Phitayarangsrit (SjP), Somphon Phitho (SP), Channarong Plabnoi, Surachai Rungkhunakorn, Wachara Sanguansombat, Thavorn Sarimanont, Panuwat Sasirat, Napat Sirisambhand, Alison Smithies, Kamphol Sukhumalind, Tippamas Tantitadapitak, Dr. Kamthorn Thirakupt.

Compiled by PHILIP D. ROUND.

(Note: The records in Recent Reports include unconfirmed sightings, and should not be published elsewhere without prior consultation.)

He got all three!

Andy Pierce, who has visited Thailand many times to watch birds here, has the enviable distinction of having seen all three of the thick-knees in Thailand! As far as we know, he is the only person to have achieved this. He saw Northern Thick-knee at Khao Sam Roi Yot in October 1993; Beach Thick-knee on Ko Surin roughly one month later, and now has added Great Thick-knee. Well done Andy!

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