Golden Parakeet (Ararajuba)
A member of a flock feeding in a Murici tree (Byrsonima cf. crispa)
around the visitors' cabin at Uruá in Parque Nacional da Amazônia (Tapajós),
between the Trans-Amazon Highway and the Rio Tapajós, south of Itaituba, Pará,
Brazil. 13 August 1998. Carlos Yamashita has identified the bird as an immature
because it still has lots of green on the secondary covert feathers.
Taxonomic News: Guaruba confirmed to be closely related to the
Red-shouldered Macaw, Diopsittaca nobilis:
Erika S. Tavares, Carlos Yamashita & Cristina Y. Miyaki. Phylogenetic
relationships among some Neotropical parrot genera (Psittacidae) based on
The Auk 121(1):230-242 (January 2004). The authors studied relationships
among the macaws -- Ara, Anodorhynchus, Cyanopsitta, the recently-split small
macaw genera Primolius and Diopsittaca, Guarouba and three species of Aratinga.
Their results support the split, and in addition demonstrate that Guarouba and
Diopsittaca are sister genera. Aratinga leucophthalmus was found to be distant
from the two other Aratinga species tested, A. cactorum and A. aurea, suggesting
that the genus Aratinga is not monophyletic. Orthopsittaca, Rhynchopsitta and
Nandayus were not included in this study.
Meeting about the Golden Parakeet at the Rio Zoo, 2-3 March 2004:
Ararajuba é tema de encontro de especialistas no Rio.
Símbolo da Ornitologia Brasileira. Centro de Estudos Ornitológicos.
Mayor of Itaituba caught logging Amazônia (Tapajós) National Park. (Greenpeace
report - pdf):
"On 16 April 2001, Ibama was notified that there was logging activity within
the limits of the Amazon National Park. In May, a small team of Ibama inspectors
went to the region and discovered an illegal clear-cut of 706 hectares of forest
and further preparation of 3,000 hectares for clear-cutting within the park.
According to the inspectors, the men working in the park confessed to be working
for the Mayor of the local town of Itaituba, Sr. Wirland Freire, who had
recently bought a farm near the park.
"He was preparing the park to be burned in order to expand his cattle
"Norberto Neves de Souza, the Ibama agent in charge of the operation, told
Greenpeace that at least 70 chainsaws were operating within the park, because of
'the number of workers and the number of chainsaw belts and because of the speed
of clear cutting.' During the inspection, Ibama confiscated 14 chains for
chainsaws, two axes, 234 sharpening files, 89 scythes and four tents.
"A team of Greenpeace activists accompanied a second Ibama inspection of the
Amazon National Park and of the Mayor's farm later in May. During the inspection
a chainsaw, two shotguns and various chainsaw belts were confiscated.
"Mayor Freire has subsequently received two fines, totalling US$20,000."
IBAMA Headquarters Invaded in Itaituba. Diário do Pará, 5 March 2004.
Hundreds of "agricultores" protesting the demarcation of Parque Nacional do
Itaituba took over IBAMA headquarters in Itaituba and held 7 employees hostage
for 10 hours. (Let's hope they didn't damage or steal the fax machine to which
birders send their requests for permits.) Marcílio Monteiro, the director of
IBAMA in Pará said that deforestation, illegal logging and land speculation are
running wild inside the park and that corrupt politicians who have established
fazendas inside the park were the principal instigators of the protest.
Golden Conure Fund - They are supporting important
research on the species by Carlos Yamashita, who (as you
can see from his articles posted on WorldTwitch) is a
leading authority on South American parrots.