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Bird Reports

The Formicivora antwren from Chapada Diamantina, BA has been described and named Sincorá Antwren Formicivora grantsaui. Photo of female | Article in Zootaxa describing species (pdf).

The "Caatinga" Woodpecker Celeus obrieni [photo by Edson Endrigo] was rediscovered near Goiatins, TO on 21 October 2006 by Advaldo do Prado during a biological survey before construction of one more section of BR-010, the Belém-Brasília highway. Details with photos of a handheld bird. This species formerly was lumped with Rufous-headed Woodpecker C. spectabilis, a bamboo specialist in Amazonia. Since neither the type locality, in southwest PI, nor the site of rediscovery, in northeast TO near the border with MA, is in caatinga, Fabio Olmos has suggested a new common name of Kaempfer's Woodpecker. Emil Kaempfer collected the type specimen in 1926. The new site is about 350 km west of the type locality, which was at Uruçuí, near the Rio Parnaíba. Braulio Carlos is already running a birding tour centered on obrieni.

Interview with Bret Whitney on BrazilMax, 20 October 2006.

From "Lost and found: a gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna" by Joseph A. Tobias, Stuart H.M. Butchart & Nigel Collar, Neotropical Birding 1:3-22 (2006) (pdf):

In May 2006, Dante Buzzetti saw a pair of Rondônia Bushbirds Clytoctantes atrogularis in Reserva Biológica do Jarú at Ji-Paraná, RO, near the MT border, and obtained a tape recording. Stresemann's Bristlefront Merulaxis stresemanni has been found in a strip of humid valley floor forest in the Jequitinhonha Valley, MG, near the border with Bahia.

Bradley Davis reported observations of Fiery-tailed Awlbill Avocettula recurvirostris in July 2006 at Cristalino Jungle Lodge in a message posted on Neobird. The species was first recorded there in October 2005 by Giuliano Bernadon near a newly-cut overlook on the Serra Trail.

On 4 March 2006, Dr. Martin Schaefer of the University of Freiburg observed a Kinglet Calyptura C. cristata with a mixed flock of mostly tanagers with a few honeycreepers at Folha Seca, northwest of Ubatuba, SP. See John van der Woude's site notes and map, waypoints 151-153 and Arthur Grosset's site notes. (This is the site where Jonas d'Abronzo maintains hummingbird feeders and bird tables.) From Jonas's house, Dr. Schaefer crossed a small river impassible by car. A powerline crosses the road about 200m beyond the river. The flock with the Calyptura crossed the road about 30m beyond the powerline. I believed this to be the first record from São Paulo, but now an unverified sight record from Ubatuba in 1990 has been reported on ornitobr. In March 2007, Jeremy Minns posted to the Neoorn-l a sighting by Ladd Hockey from the Estação Experimental de Agronomia de Ubatuba on 27 March 1997. Hockey described a crest permanently raised, which is consistent with Ricardo Parrini's description. Calypturas were collected in Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro in the 19th Century. The only 20th Century record was from a site just south of Teresópolis, RJ, where Ricardo Parrini observed two birds in October 1996. See the BirdLife species factsheet.

Enigmatic tanager rediscovered in Brazil. 22 March 2006. BirdLife article about the rediscovery of Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca in PN das Emas, with a photo.

Juvenile Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja. Forest fragment in Alta Floresta, MT, Brazil. Photo by Alexander Lees.Harpy Eagle nest at Alta Floresta, MT, Brazil. Alex Lees reports that there is an active Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja nest in the forest fragment in the town of Alta Floresta, with a circa one-year-old dependent juvenile. As of late June 2005, both adults and the juvenile are still being seen daily.

A new species of Aratinga Parakeet from Brazil, with taxonomic remarks on the Aratinga solstitialis complex. By Luís Fábio Silveira, Flávio César Thadeo de Lima & Elizabeth Höfling. Auk 122(1):292-305 (2005) (pdf). The Sulphur-breasted Parakeet A. pintoi has been found on the north bank of the Amazon in the vicinity of Monte Alegre, PA. See also Nova espécie de periquito descoberta no Pará pode correr risco de extinção. Ciência Hoje, No. 216, June 2005.

New Marsh Antwren (female) from São Paulo, Brazil - Formicivora (Stymphalornis) sp. - Bicudinho-do-brejo-paulistaNew marsh antwren discovered near the city of São Paulo! It's clearly very similar to the Paraná Marsh Antwren Formicivora (Stymphalornis) acutirostris, which was discovered in marshes along the Paraná coast about 10 years ago and has since been observed farther south in Santa Catarina. The new bird was discovered near Biritiba-Mirim and subsequently observed near Moji das Cruzes, towns which are about 20 km apart east of SP along the road to Ubatuba. (Article from Jornal Hoje with photo, 5 May 2005 / USP press release / IBAMA press release.) The type locality is less than 5 km past Biritiba-Mirim, along the road to Casa Grande. (Patty O'Neill's trip report.)

Bibliography of Brazilian Ornithology - 6797 references as of 23 April 2005. Prepared by a team of leading Brazilian ornithologists, organized by Luiz Fernando de A. Figueiredo.

Recent issues of the leading Brazilian scientific journals are now online at (List of journals.)

Observations on the vocalizations and behaviour of Black-chested Tyrant Taeniotriccus andrei from the Serra dos Carajás, Pará, Brazil. Kevin J. Zimmer and Andrew Whittaker. Cotinga 22 (2004): 24-29 (pdf). The authors have tape recorded the "frog-like" note of Taeniotriccus for the first time: "The most commonly heard vocalisation (particularly among spontaneously calling individuals) was a reedy, single-noted CHEWP or CHERT, repeated at regular intervals of c.3-4 seconds for up to five minutes or more at a time." The article includes sonograms and color photos. The day after they learned the call (in várzea), the authors found another calling male in completely different habitat (terra firme forest). In all, they found 10 territories at Carajás.

1 December 2003: Gail Mackiernan reports that the Harpy Eagles are nesting again at Pousada Currupira d'Araras, Barra do Bugres, MT. (See below). This must be the easiest place in the world to see Harpy Eagle.

9 May 2003: IBAMA has established a Hyacinth Macaw conservation committee.

A New Species of Forest-Falcon (Falconidae: Micrastur) from Southeastern Amazonia and the Atlantic Rainforests of Brazil. By Andrew Whittaker. Wilson Bulletin 114(4): 421-561 (December 2002, published June 2003). The new species, Cryptic Forest-Falcon, Micrastur mintoni, is found mainly in undisturbed terra firme forest with dense understory. It is quite similar to Lined Forest-Falcon, M. gilvicollis, with which old specimens were confused. Andy Whittaker discovered it by voice in 1997 at Cauxianã Biological Station. After calling in the bird with replay, he examined specimens of "gilvicollis" at the Goeldi Museum in Belém and discovered that they included about equal numbers of the two forms. M. mintoni is found from eastern Amazonas south to Bolivia and east to the Maranhão coast. In addition, there are three old specimens from southern Bahia and northern Espírito Santo, but no recent records from Atlantic Forest. From the map in the article, it appears that the Atlantic specimens ranged from the vicinity of Una, BA to the vicinity of Sooretama, ES. M. mintoni's known Atlantic range thus includes a few sites with extensive tall lowland forest, such as Monte Pascoal National Park in BA and the Sooretama reserve in ES, where the bird may still occur.

Peter Kaestner reports than between 0600 and 0730 on 9 March 2003, he observed more than 200 cracids along the Transpantaneira south of Pixiam, including 40 Bare-faced Curassows, 30 Common Piping-Guans, 25 Chestnut-bellied Guans, and 2 Rusty-margined Guans. This is an excellent demonstration of the value of not paving the Transpantaneira south of Poconé.

Surveys for the critically endangered Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus around Serra da Canastra National Park have found birds in 10 new localities. In addition, a pair was recently sighted on the Rio do Sono, TO, a new locality for the species. World Birdwatch 24 (3) (September 2002). See also Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus discovered in Jalapão State Park, Tocatins, Brazil. By Vivian S. Braz, et al. Cotinga 23 (2003): 68-71 (pdf).

Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster in the Araguaia Valley, Tocatins, Brazil. By Fábio Olmos. Cotinga 20 (2003): 64-65 (pdf).

A new Scytalopus tapaculo that is widespread in southeast Brazil is about to be described. Guy Kirwan reports that after hearing a tape, he realized that he had heard it at the Clibanornis site near Urubici, SC as long ago as 1997.

After seeing Arthur Grosset's photo of Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant in Cotinga 18, I checked his website and found additional photos of this species and other rare Brazilian birds he has recently posted.

Golden-crowned Manakin Pipra vilasboasi rediscovered! A prior expedition to the presumed type locality, the Rio Cururu, failed because the leaders were not aware that there are two Rios Cururu in Pará and went to the wrong one, to the north. Fábio Olmos and José Fernanco Pacheco found P. vilasboasi along BR-163, the Cuiabá - Santarém road, near the Mato Grosso border. Rediscovery of Golden-crowned Manakin Lepidotrix vilasboasi. By Fábio Olmos & José Fernando Pacheco. Cotinga 20 (2003):48-50 (pdf). See also "Ornitólogos localizam ave amazônica rara" by Liana John., 29 May 2002.

Description of a New Species of Pionopsitta (Aves: Psittacidae) Endemic to Brazil (pdf). By Renato Gaban-Lima, Marcos A. Raposo & Elizabeth Höfling. Auk 119(3): 815-819 (2002). Bald Parrot, Pionopsitta aurantiocephala apparently replaces Vulturine Parrot P. vulturina in the upper Tapajós & Teles Pires and overlaps with vulturina in the lower Tapajós. Arthur Grosset's page on the Bald Parrot, with photos taken near the Thimaçu Lodge.

The Remarkable rediscovery of the Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata. José Fernando Pacheco & Paulo Sérgio Moreira de Fonseca. Cotinga 16 (2001): 44-47.

Ornitobr is a Portuguese language Yahoo! Group about Brazilian ornithology. Prominent Brazilian ornithologists and birders are regular contributors.

In his article "Notes on the poorly-known Buckley's Forest Falcon Micrastur buckleyi including voice, range and first Brazilian records" (Bull. B.O.C. 2001 121(3):198-208, Andrew Whittaker reports on recent records of the species from the Rio Juruá near the border with Peru. M. buckleyi is best located and identified by its voice, which was tape recorded for the first time by Paul Coopmans in 1993 at Sacha Lodge, Ecuador.

Cotinga 16 (Autumn 2001) contains a number of interesting articles about Brazilian birds, as well as the cover illustration of a pair of Slender Antbirds on a ground bromeliad. Highlights include (1) a report about the recent discovery of Slender Antbird Rhopornis ardesiaca in Minas Gerais, southwest of the well-known locale east of Boa Nova, BA; (2) an article about the rediscovery of Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata near Posto Garrafão, RJ - "The remarkable rediscovery of the Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata" by José Fernando Pacheco & Paulo Sérgio Moreira da Fonseca. Cotinga 16 (2001): 44-47.]; and (3) observations on a nest of Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus at Serra do Cipó, MG.

"An ornithological survey of Serra do Caraça, Minas Gerais, Brazil" by Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Tadeu Artur de Melo Júnior. Cotinga 15 (2001): 21-31.

Guy Kirwan reports that details of the rediscovery of Stresemann's Bristlefront Merulaxis stresemanni near Una, Bahia in 1995, including a photograph and sonogram have been published. Baudet, G. (2001) Primeira observação do entufado-baiano (Merulaxis stresemanni) na natureza. Tangara 1: 51-56. An attempt by GK et al. to relocate the birds in 1997 was unsuccessful.

A new census of Lear's Macaws has tallied 246 birds in the wild, up from 170 in 1999. (O Estado de São Paulo, 7 June 2001). Assuming that there was not an undercount in 1999, this probably is a reflection of a crackdown on bird trappers in the Canudos area by IBAMA, along with a Licuri palm protection and restoration program. An unfortunate side-effect of more vigilant enforcement has been the heavy-handed harassment of birders by inexperienced IBAMA agents, including warrantless searches and seizures of tapes and photos.

Of three good articles on Brazilian birds in the December 2000 issue of the Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, I was most interested in "New and noteworthy bird records from Santa Catarina state, Brazil", by Luciano Nicolás Naka, Juan Mazar Barnett, Guy M. Kirwan, Joe A. Tobias & Marcos A.G. de Azevedo. Bull. B.O.C. 2000 120(4):237-250. One of the most interesting sites visited by the authors was Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural de Volta Velha, near Itapoá, northeast of Joinville. There they recorded Marsh Antwren Stymphalornis (Formicivora?) acutirostris, in a scrubby marsh with only tiny patches of Typha, and a pair of Helmeted Woodpeckers Dryocopus galeatus. At Salto do Piraí, the Kaempfer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi stakeout west of Joinville, they recorded Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor, only the second state record. At the (now) well-known Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides spot north of Urubici, they were fortunate to flush a Purple-winged Ground-Dove Claravis godefrida, which is much easier to hear than to see, and Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus was seen on two different occasions.

Only surviving wild Spix's Macaw disappears - last confirmed sighting near Curaçá, BA in early October, 2000.

Listen to calls of Spix's Macaw. To hear a simulated "flock", open this sound file (same tape, different file) while the first is running. From the Projeto Ararinha Azul website.

Report on Projeto Arara Azul - the Hyacinth Macaw study and conservation program in MS - after 10 years.

The gnatcatcher-like Herpilochmus antwrens found in dry habitats in Northeast Brazil, such as caatinga around Morro do Chapéu, BA and the dry forest 2 km east of Boa Nova, BA, that birders had considered to be "Pileated" Antwren, H. pileatus, have been described as a new species, Caatinga Antwren, H. sellowi. Whitney, Pacheco, Buzzetti & Parrini, Auk 117(4): 869-891 (October 2000). H. pileatus, now given the more appropriate common name of Bahia Antwren, is in fact a much less well-known, Bahia endemic found in restinga woodland near the coast in southern Bahia, including sites near the beach towns of Trancoso and Canavieiras. The authors conclude that pileatus is most closely related to Black-capped Antwren, H. atricapillus, which inhabits moist gallery forest in interior Bahia. Bahia itineraries will need to be revised to include time in appropriate habitat for pileatus, which is likely to become endangered due to resort development.

The Rufous Cacholote is two species: In an article in the May 2000 Condor (DjVu), Kevin Zimmer and Andrew Whittaker split Pseudoseisura cristata into two species - the nominate form (Caatinga Cacholote), endemic to arid northeastern Brazil, and P. unirufa (Gray-crested Cacholote), found in seasonally-flooded savannas and deciduous woodlands in southwestern Brazil and adjacent Bolívia and Paraguay. The forms differ in habitat, vocalizations, and social structure. Condor 102(2):409-422 (2000). ("Rufous" Cacholotes are large, attractive and vocal furnariids.)

February 2002: Andrew Whittaker finds the situation worsening at the Murici Reserve.

1 March 2000: Murici Reserve, Alagaos, Abandoned, by Andrew Whittaker. [JWW comment: Where are the rich Beltway environmental groups when we need them? They had plenty of money to jet down to Rio for weeks of dinners and meetings several years ago, but when it comes to funding urgently needed conservation efforts in Brazil they are nowhere to be found. The same goes for the World Bank ($10 Million to IBAMA up in smoke) and the IDB (Inter-American Devastation Bank), some of whose junketing employees I encountered on their obligatory "day in the jungle" in Brazil in 1998. Andy submitted a report posted here in February 1999 about the ongoing destruction of the Murici Reserve, the only known site for two endemic bird species - ALAGOAS ANTWREN, MYRMOTHERULA SNOWI, and ALAGOAS FOLIAGE-GLEANER, PHYLIDOR NOVAESI. Now the deforestation process has accelerated, reaching the point where the (unpaid) IBAMA guard is cutting forest to plant manioc and eating game hunted in the reserve. The amount of the National Audubon Society's yearly utility bills might be sufficient to preserve what little remains at Murici.]

The Eastern Brazilian population of White-winged Potoo, Nyctibius leucopterus, previously known from one specimen from Vitória da Conquesta, BA, was rediscovered in November 1999 at Una, BA, by Bret Whitney and Fernando Pacheco. Guy Kirwan et al. found a bird at the entrance to the Una Biological Reserve in December. It responded to a tape made in Amazonia.

Proposed new species of Celeus woodpecker from northeast Brazil: In an important article about new birds for Brazil from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia (Bull. B.O.C. 119(4):235-260, Dec 1999), Andrew Whittaker and David Oren propose that the obrienti form of Rufous-headed Woodpecker, Celeus spectabilis, known only from a specimen collected by Kaempfer in 1926 at Uruçuí, Piauí, on the Rio Parnaíba (the boundary between Piauí and Maranhão), be elevated to species status. They propose to call the new species, which was collected in an arid area of cerrado and caatinga, the Caatinga Woodpecker, C. obrienti. (C. spectabilis is an Amazonian bamboo specialist.)

Upon reading this, I reached for my Guia Rodoviário and Guia Quatro Rodas. The closest airport with rental cars is Teresina, which is about 450 km northeast of Uruçuí. (See map of Piauí.) The last 150 km of roads are black or dashed and may not be in good condition. While Uruçuí is not mentioned in Guia Quatro Rodas, there is an entry for Floriano, a city of 50,000 some 200 km north of Uruçuí on the Rio Parnaíba. It has a 2-star hotel, and the top tourist attraction is the historic (early 1700s) colonial city of Oeiras, 114 km to the east. PN da Serra da Capivara is about 200 km to the south. (The well-publicized Piauí Hyacinth Macaw conservation project is based in the far southwest of the State, near São Gonçalo do Gurguéia, which isn't on the map.)

New records for western Amazonian Brazil: Most of the western Amazonian sites mentioned by Oren and Whittaker are in the State of Acre. Fed by the Rio Torro from Peru, the Rio Juruá is joined by the Rio Tejo about 60 km north of the border, then flows north across Acre through Cruzeiro do Sul into Amazonas. (See map of Acre.) Among the birds recorded were:

Orinoco Goose, Neochen jubata, which they found to be surprisingly common in sparsely inhabited areas all along the Rio Juruá.

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Touit huetii, which were found in várzea forest at Boca do Tejo on 15-16 Nov 1994 and relocated at the same spot on 3 Dec 1994.

Fulvous-chinned Nunlet, Nonnula sclateri, which was observed twice, in várzea and terra firma forest, and tape recorded, its voice described as "most similar to Rusty-breasted Nunlet, N. rubecula, though on average a longer series of individual notes than that species, each note being slightly longer and not emphatic."

Rufous-headed Woodpecker, Celeus spectabilis. Not previously known from Brazil, other than the out-of-habitat specimen from Piauí (see above), it was, not surprisingly, found in bamboo along with other bamboo specialists.

Peruvian Recurvebill, Simoxenops ucayalae, a distinctive bamboo specialist not previously recorded from Acre.

Black Bushbird, Neoctantes niger. Found at three different locales. Concerning a pair collected at Boca do Tejo, the authors wrote: "The area was poorly drained with a substantial amount of standing water with small palms and vine tangles covering small shrubs and trees. The male responded to playback of its song by approaching very warily, skulking and perching often in the thickest vine tangles where he worked his way up, hitching through the tangle and always remaining very well hidden. While perched he held his body rather upright, like some obligate army ant followers such as Gymnopithys and Pithys, with tail held c. 20-30° below the body plane. Agitated by playback, the male flared out his normally concealed white interscapular patch and also showed a little white edging to its shoulder."

Rufous-fronted Antthrush, Formicarius rufifrons. For some time after this species was rediscovered by Ted Parker in 1982, it was believed to be restricted to the vicinity of Manu National Park, Peru. More recently it has been found at easily accessible sites, including the vicinity of Puerto Maldonado, as well as in Bolivia and now Brazil. Whittaker found the first Brazilian bird in a thickly overgrown orchard at the small settlement of Caipora on the right bank of the Juruá.

Elusive Anpitta, Grallaria eludens. I joined the AOU while a student in 1969, and opened my first issue of the Auk to find John O'Neill's spectacular color plate of the Elusive Antpitta, accompanying an article describing it as a new species. I instantly knew that I wanted to go to Amazonia to look for this bird, which had been found in eastern Peru. Later I learned that the plate and article had the same impact on Ted Parker. Now Whittaker has taped eludens in Brazil at Tartaruga in thick, upland terra firma forest. The authors write that the voice is very similar to the voice of Ochre-striped Antpitta, G. dignissima, "but eludens has a longer introductory note, and the second note begins with an abrupt rise." Comparative sonograms are reproduced in the article. Based on this record, the authors believe that the record by Ed Willis at Benjamin Constant, Amazonas in 1987, which was doubted by Sick (1997), should be accepted.

Black-faced Cotinga, Conioptilon mcilhennyi. This monotypic cotinga previously was believed to be rare and endemic to Peru. The authors found it to be reasonably common along both banks of the Tejo and also at Boca de Tejo, right bank of the Juruá. Whittaker tape recorded two birds calling in the canopy of terra firma forest on 24 Nov 1994 at Restauração, upper Rio Tejo. The authors write that "the voice sounds initially like the warming-up call of the Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans which then continues into sounds similar to the first notes of the call of the Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani."

Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant, Lophotriccus eulophotes. Previously believed to be the only rare Amazonian bamboo specialist, the authors found it to be common at Quieto [west of Boca do Tejo] on the Rio Amônia along a 5 km rubber tapper's trail through upland forest with extensive bamboo. This species responded to playback of a tape of White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant, Poecilotriccus albifacies.

Black-and-White Tanager, Conothraupis speculigera. Oren recorded this species singing in second growth at Valparaiso [northwest of Boca do Tejo] in April and May 1996. There was only one previous record from Brazil. "This species apparently breeds in eastern Ecuador and northwestern Peru in Feb-May, then departs to western Amazonia."

Band-tailed Oropendula, Ocyalus latirostris. "This poorly known species with a restricted range was encountered repeatedly by AW in terra firma forest along the Juruá."

See the article for additional interesting records, a map showing the locales, most of which are not in the Guia Rodoviário, and two hand-held color photographs of a sub-adult female Grey-bellied Hawk, Accipiter poligaster.

In the same issue of the Bull. B.O.C. (270-271) is an article by Flávio C.T. de Lima reporting on a significant range extension for the Caatinga Black-Tyrant, Knipolegus franciscanus. The author observed a female on 6 Jan 1997 on a "lajeiro", or rocky outcrop, in caatinga close to the village of São Tomé, municipality of Campo Formoso, Bahia. Campo Formoso is only about 20 km southwest of Senhor do Bonfim, which is on the highway between Salvador and Juazeiro/Petrolina. (See map of northeast Bahia.)

August 1998 -- Rod and Sean McCann and Peter Post and I visited several popular sites in interior Brazil, including Parque Nacional da Amazônia (Tapajós), the Cristalino Jungle Lodge near Alta Floresta, the Transpantaneira, and Chapada dos Guimarães. Highlights included an all-day Jaguar stakeout on the west bank of the Rio Cristalino about 10 minutes downstream from the lodge; sightings of a male White-tailed Cotinga, Xipholena lamellipennis, on two different days along the Trans-Amazon Highway (TAH) about 2 km west of the IBAMA cabin at Uruá; flocks of Golden Parakeets, Guarouba guarouba, feeding on fruiting trees around the IBAMA cabin and flying over palm-rich forest along the Capelinha Trail; Harlequin Antbirds, Rhegmatorhina berlepschi, attending an army antswarm on a trail across the TAH from the Uruá cabin; Bare-eyed Antbirds, R. gymnops, attending an antswarm behind the bungalows at the Rio Cristalino lodge; and Hyacinth Macaws, Anodorynchus hyacinthinus, feeding a young bird in the nest within walking distance of the hotel and campground at Porto Jofre, at the end of the Transpantaneira. I had a brief look without binoculars at a possible Black-chested Tyrant, Taeniotriccus andrei, about 3-4 m from the ground along the Capelinha Trail, within one km of the TAH. I marked the spot, in case any other birders will be going there in the near future. (Highly Recommended!!)

Re Alta Floresta (also Highly Recommended): an unpublished report by Curtis Marantz based on studies conducted from 10/97 to 1/98 and supplementing the article by Zimmer et al. in Ornithological Monographs No. 48 is available from the Floresta Amazônica Hotel for R$3.00. The Teles Peres Trail, referred to extensively in two articles in Ornithological Monographs No. 48, has been completely deforested, making some bamboo specialists difficult or impossible to find in the Alta Floresta area. For at least the third consecutive year, massive fires in northern Mato Grosso blanketed the Alta Floresta area with smoke, which even penetrated to the forest trails along the Rio Cristalino. When we emerged from the lodge, the Alta Floresta airport was closed, and we had to ride an all-night bus back to Cuiabá. (Mike Gotchfeld reports that the situation was even worse in 1999, and that the Cuiabá airport was closed during September due to smoke.)

Louis Boon wrote on 18 June 1999, after returning from a trip to Bahia: "A heart-breaking experience was Boa Nova, where the wet forest is being devastated. The old logging road now is a broad avenue, through which all the big trees are being removed. The ridge trail has become an expanse of mud. In April, Jeremy Minns still saw a lot of birds there, but when we visited on two mornings the forest was dead. We saw few birds, and none of note. I must add that there was quite some wind, but still there was little life. If completed, Boa Nova will have lost at least half of its ornithological value." See Louis Boon's photos of Boa Nova.

Ararajuba, the Bulletin of the Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia, may be ordered for US$20 per issue by faxing a VISA number and expiration date to David Oren at (55)(91) 226-1615. For more information, you may contact the Secretary of the SBO, Julio Cesar Roma.

The Spix's Macaw conservation program - a nLast wild Spix's Macaw, Cyanopsitta spixi, photo by Carlos Yamashitaon-extinction story, by Natasha Schischakin. Interesting, illustrated article about breeding of captive birds (world population now about 60) and the author's trip to Curaçá, BA to see the last wild Cyanopsitta, which vanished in 2000. The Spix's Macaw breeding program is mired in corruption, and it would be astonishing if anything good were to come out of it. The Loro Parque Foundation, which financed most of the Spix's Macaw field work, withdrew funding in 2001 after it was discovered that breeders were selling the birds for top dollar -- e.g., 4 birds sold to a Sheikh in Qatar. (See "Saga of Spix's Macaw: The world's rarest parrot, officially extinct in the wild, is now under renewed threat in captivity" by Ian Hinze. BBC Wildlife, October 2001, pp. 42-43; 11 January 2002: "Battle of the Bird Breeders: The Spix's Macaw is on the brink of extinction. But the bird's fate is in danger of being sidelined by the warring factions competing to save it." By Giles Whittell, The Times.)

IBAMA Press Release, 14 July 1998 -- Lear's Macaw Threatened by Illegal Bird Collectors (English) (Português)

For a report on the discovery of the Wet Tall-grass Tapaculo [better common name needed!], Scytalopus iraiensis, in a three-hectare patch of marsh along the Rio Itaí in Quatro Barras, about 20 km east of Curitiba, Paraná, see the April 24, 1998 issue of O Estado de São Paulo. More detailed information and a photo of the new tapaculo may now be found in English and Portuguese on the Atualidades Ornitológicas Website. Click on "Últimas Edições", then No. 83, May-June, 1998, and scroll down to page 10. Several additional sites for the bird have in found in Paraná and Santa Catarina. World Birdwatch 20(4):5.

See the Atualidades Ornitológicas Website for a color illustration of the newly-discovered manakin from Ceará, which has tentatively been named Antilophila bokermanni. Click on "Últimas Edições", then No. 82, March-April, 1998, and scroll down to page 6.

CHERRY-THROATED TANAGER, Nemosia roureiDetails of the rediscovery of Cherry-throated Tanager, Nemosia rourei, and its known distribution are presented in an article by Claudia Bauer et al. in Bird Conservation International 10(2):97-108 (June 2000). The authors question the lowland type locality of Muriaé, MG, noting that the species has been confirmed only at three montane sites in southern ES - Nova Lombardia, Jatibocas, and the study and reserve site of Fazenda Pindobas IV in ConceiçãCherry-throated Tanager, Nemosia rourei, NEOTROPICAL ATLÂNTICO V.1 N.2 JAN/FEV/MARÇ. 2000, ORIGINALIS NATURA Websiteo do Castelo (1,000 m). Up to 10 individuals have been observed in all months except January, March, May, and December at Fazenda Pindobas IV, suggesting that it may not undertake altitudinal migrations.

Of the two species of Hylocryptus foliage-gleaners, the Henna-capped, H. rectirostris, which is fairly widespread in the interior of southeast Brazil and northern Paraguay, is seen much less often by birders than the Henna-hooded, H. erythrocephalus, which is restricted to a limited range in northwest Peru and southwest Ecuador. On August 27, 1997 at 16:00, a HENNA-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER was observed near the Véu de Noiva lookout at Chapada dos Guimarães. (Fritz Müller et al.) The bird appeared suddenly very close to the observers in an open gully near a small stream along a trail that runs to the "right" from the waterfall lookout.

Don Roberson has posted a report about his trip to see the Harpy Eagle nest at the Pousada Currupira d'Araras [email], Mineração Itaipu, Barra do Bugres, MT, access at km 35 of MT 245 [Map], with many photos. (Cuiabá telephone: (65) 624-1386 or (65) 321-1066). See also the article about the Harpy (with more photos) from Globo Rural, no 172 (February 2000) - left click on "Preservação."

The no longer functional website of the Associação de Defesa do Meio Ambiente de Jacarepiá, a reserve near the coast north of the city of Rio de Janeiro, included pages on about a dozen bird species, including Black-hooded Antwren, Formicivora erythronotos, which most birders have been twitching along the coastal highway south of Angra dos Reis, RJ. The page reported that erythronotos is being seen with increasing frequency at the Reserva Ecológica de Jacarepiá, also a site for Golden Lion-Tamarin, Leontopithecus rosalia.

New: Heinz Remold's "The Land Birds of Southeast Brazil" Disc 2 - Suboscines. CD-ROM with pictures and tapes. (Discs 1 and 3 are in preparation.)

Southeast Brazil Tape by Mark Elwonger - includes a cut of the recently discovered São Francisco Sparrow, Arremon franciscanus, the description of which is in press.

Lars Petersson is offering a cassette tape of birds recorded on his trip with Samuel Hansson et al., including Three-toed Jacamar and Russet-winged Spadebill.

New CD: "Vozes de Aves do Pantanal", by Jacques Vielliard. 68 species are included. For information, contact amazilia[at]

Fatbirder Brazil page by Jeremy Minns

Where do you want to go birding in Brazil today?


Checklist of the Birds of Brazil - Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos

Checklist for the Serra da Cantaneira - by Edson Endrigo, Pedro Develey & Luis F. Silveira

Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus website by WWF-Brasil.

Projeto Albatroz - Conservação de Aves Marinhas com Pesca Produtiva - with an identification guide covering albatrosses and a few other southern seabirds.

Trip Reports

Parque do Zizo, SP and Its Birds by Alex Lees & Jeremy Minns

Frank Lambert & Joe Tobias, April-June 2004, Alta Floresta. Includes photos of Giant Armadillo, Rufous-capped Nunlet & Snethlage's Gnateater.

Neotropical Eco Foundation Alagoas reports

Simon Allen, 18 July - 14 August 2003. Manaus, Borba, Tapajós, Carajás. They had Skutchia borbae and Hemitriccus senex near Borba.

Alex Lees: Cristalino Jungle Lodge and Alta Floresta, 3 April - 19 June 2003.

Arthur Grosset, 21 March - 16 April 2003. Mato Grosso, Rondônia & southern Pará. Attempt to reach Humaitá, RO thwarted by demonstrators blocking a bridge 30 km south of Humaitá.

Guy Kirwan & Mark Elwonger, 21 October 2002 - 10 November 2002 (pdf). Bahia, Alagoas, Minas Gerais & Itatiaia.

Colin Bushell, 27 September - 23 October 2002. Southeast Brazil, including Fazenda Pindobas IV, and Mato Grosso.

Simon Woolley & Julia Carson, 4-25 August 2002. Southeast Brazil & Mato Grosso.

"In search of the phantom tanager" [Cone-billed Tanager - Mato Grosso]. Excerpt from Scott Weidensaul, The Ghost with Trembling Wings: Science, wishful thinking, and the search for lost species.

Birds of Itatiaia National Park, by Luciano Moreira Lima: Excellent new website by a young ornithologist who attends high school in Resende. See "Birding in Itatiaia" for information on recent observations, including Onychorynchus on the Donati-Três Picos Trail.

Teus Luijendijk: Southeast Brazil, January 2002.

Samuel Hansson: 2001 Brazil Trip Report. Cristalino Jungle Lodge (where he worked as a volunteer guide), Alta Floresta, Chapada dos Guimarães, Transpantaneira.

Jeremy Minns' Brazil site guides on Arthur Grosset's Birds

Mark Lockwood: Southeast Brazil, 10-16 November 2001.

John van der Woude: 13 October - 5 November 2001. Southeast Brazil.

Larry Gardella: 20 October - 3 November 2001. Southeast Brazil & Iguaçu, including Black-capped Piprites at Campo do Jordão and pair of Crowned Eagles at PN da Serra da Canastra. | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 |

Juan Mazar Barnett: August 2001. Itinerary (pdf) | List (pdf). Manaus, PN do Tapajós, Alta Floresta & São Gabriel da Cachoeira.

Garry George: 22 August - 13 September 2001. Southeast Brazil, including Salvadori's Antwren at Ubatuba.

Jan Vermeulen: July 2001. Southeast Brazil.

Molly Pollock: June 2001. Chapada dos Guimarães, Alta Floresta, Transpantaneira, Itatiaia. Field Guides tour. [Bird list]

Guy Kirwan, Ornifolks: 21 October - 11 November 2000. Itatiaia, Ubatuba, Itirapina, Serra da Canastra, Serra do Cipó, Caraça, Fazenda Pindobas IV, Caeté, Linhares, Sooretama, Nova Lombardia, Reserva Cafundó. (pdf)

Roger Wolfe: 5-20 September 2000: MT, Itatiaia, Ubatuba

Peter Lonsdale: 28 August - 4 September 2000. Canudos, BA.

Chris Goodie: August 2000. Bonito, Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimarães, Rio de Janeiro.

Samuel Hansson: June-July 2000. Southeast Brazil and the Pantanal. On WorldTwitch, with comments by JWW.

Peter R. Bono. February 2000 Field Guides tour to Northeast Brazil.

Guy Kirwan: 16 October - 28 November 1999 (pdf). Southeast Brazil. Outstanding report.

Mike Hunter: October-November 1999. Southeast Brazil. On Worldtwitch, with comments by JWW.

Patricia O'Neill: 10-21 October 1999. MT.

Tom Harrison: October 1999. SP & Caraça.

Dalcio Dacol: September 1999. Carlos Botelho State Park, SP.

Guy Kirwan & Mark Elwonger: 16 October - 28 November 1998 (pdf). Southeast Brazil. Includes maps of Intervales, Canastra & Linhares.

Ray Ziarno: October 1998. Southeast Brazil.

Peter Lonsdale: October 1997. Brasília, MT & Itatiaia.

Rick Simpson: September 1997. Southeast Brazil.

David F. Abbott: February- March 1997. RJ.

Erik Mølgaard: November 1996. Manaus & MT.

Chris Carpenter: October-November 1996. Iguaçu, Ubatuba, RJ.

Erik Mølgaard og Ulrik Andersen: October 1996 (rtf). DOF-tur, 14 dage omkring østkysten.

Claudius Feger: September-October 1996. Northeast RS.

R.W. Goldbach: August 1996. MS & Manaus.

David Abbott: March and May-June 1996. RJ.

R.W. Goldbach: April-May 1995. MT, Brasília, Itatiaia.

Dalcio Dacol: December 1993. SP, with Bob Ridgely & Guy Tudor.

Erik Mølgaard: September 1993 (rtf). Birdlist for 10 days on the east coast especially Ubatuba area and Aparados da Serra N.P.

Mario Cohn-Haft's Field Journals - Amazonia

Ornithological Articles

Protected cerrado fragments grow up and lose even metapopulational birds in central São Paulo, Brazil. By Edwin O. Willis. Brazilian Journal of Biology 66(3): 829-837 (2006) (pdf).

Aves do Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó: o Vale do Rio Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brasil. By Marcos Rodrigues, Lucas A. Carrara, Luciene P. Faria & Henrique B. Gomes. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22(2): 326-338 (2005) (pdf).

Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina Savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). By Edwin O. Willis. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910 (2004) (pdf).

Birds in Atlantic Forest fragments in north-east Brazil. By Luis Fábio Silveira, Fábio Olmos & Adrian J. Long. Cotinga 20 (2003): 32-46 (pdf).

Birds of a eucalyptus woodlot in interior São Paulo. By Edwin O. Willis. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 63(1):141-158 (2003)(pdf).

Birds of a central São Paulo woodlot: 1. Censuses 1982-2000. By Edwin O. Willis & Yoshiko Oniki. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 62(2): 197-210 (2002)(pdf).

Birds of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: do humans add or subtract species? By Edwin O. Willis & Yoshika Oniki. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo) 42(9): 193-264 (2002)

A avifauna da região de Vila Bela da Santíssima Trinidade, Mato Grosso. By Luís Fábio Silveira & Fernando Mendonça d'Horta. Papéis Avulso de Zoologia (São Paulo) 42(10): 265-286 (November 2002).

Molecular systematics and the role of the "várzea" - "terra-firme" ecotone in the diversification of Xiphorhynchus woodcreepers. By Alexandre Alexio, Auk 119(3): 621-640 (2002). (Abstract)

Fernando Novaes e a ornitologia amazônica. By José Maria Cardoso da Silva & David C. Oren. Nattereria 2:6-13. Interesting biography, with a bibliography of Novaes's publications.

White-winged Nightjars and Cerrado conservation: the key findings of Project Aguará Ñu (Paraguay) 1997 by R.P. Clay, D.R. Capper, J. Mazar Barnett, I.J. Burfield, E.Z. Esquivel, R. Fariña, C.P. Kennedy, M. Perrens, and R.G. Pople from Cotinga 9, Spring 1998.

Behavior and vocalizations of Gyalophylax and Megaxenops (Furnariidae), two little-known genera endemic to Northeastern Brazil. Bret M. Whitney & José Fernanado Pacheco. Condor 96:559-565 (1994) (DjVu).

Three Chameza Antthrushes in Eastern Brazil (Formicariidae). Edwin O. Willis. Condor 94:110-116 (1992) (DjVu).

The Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii) of Central Brazil. Álvaro Negret and Dante Martins Teixeira. Condor 86:220 (1984) (DjVu).

Notes on the Speckled Crake (Coturnicops notata) in Brazil. Dante Martins Teixeira and Maria Esther Mendez Puga. Condor 86:342-343 (1984) (DjVu).

The behavior of Black-banded Woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptes picumnus). Edwin O. Willis. Condor 84:272-285 (1982) (DjVu).

Ensimmäiset Käyttäyttmisekologiset Tiedot Pikkumustaturpiaalista (Curaeus forbesi) by Anita Studer & Jacques Viellard [Is there an English, Portuguese or German version of this article on Forbes' Blackbird for those of us who can't read Finnish?]

Forest Spirit. Rolex Awards Journal No. 15. (pdf) Article about Anita Studer and her conservation efforts at Pedra Talhada, Alagoas, with a photo of Forbes' Blackbird Curaeus forbesi

Contribuição ao Conhecimento das Aves dos Municípios de Santa Maria de Jetibá e Itarana ES, by Ana Cristina Venturini & Mariana Pacheco Rehen.

Biogeografia e Conservação da Avifauna na Mata Atlântica e Campos Sulinos – construção e nível atual do conhecimento, by José Fernando Pacheco & Claudia Bauer - includes a table showing avian distribution and status

Estado da arte da ornitologia na Mata Atlântica e Campos Sulinos, by José Fernando Pacheco & Claudia Bauer

Aves do Distrito Federal, by Roberto Brandão Cavalcanti - a five-year study added 10 species to the D.F. list, bringing it to 439 species.

Lago-Paiva, Celso. [Notes on the occurrence and distribution of Eudocimus ruber (L., 1758) (Aves, Threskiornithidae) for São Paulo State, Brazil]. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 16(2):119-124, 1994 (in Portuguese, English Abstract).

Lago-Paiva, Celso; Willis, Edwin O. New occurrences of Melanerpes cactorum (D'Orbigny, 1840) (Aves, Picidae) in Brazilian territory. Biotemas 7(1/2):110-115, 1994.

Lago-Paiva, Celso. Cavity nesting by Pitangus sulphuratus (Tyrannidae): adaptation or expression of ancestral behavior? Auk 113(4):953-955, 1996.

Aves observadas na Cidade Universitária Armando Salles de Oliveira, São Paulo

Muscovy Ducks in the Wild, by Sarah Stai. International Wild Waterfowl Association.

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