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Private Wildlife Refuges in Costa Rica
Costa Rica's Wildlife Conservation Law of 1992 provides for a number of
privileges, including relief from property taxes, for property owners who
establish private wildlife reserves. An important article in Conservation
Biology describes the operation of the program and includes a map and list
of the private reserves. Langholz, Jeff, Lassoie, James & Schelhas, John
Incentives for Biological Conservation: Costa Rica's Private Wildlife Refuge
Conservation Biology 14(6), 1735-1743 (2000). The authors found
that reserve status was especially popular in coastal areas, where localities
have control over development. In some instances, local governments have
organized bands of squatters to invade property to pressure owners who resist
development projects. When a private wildlife refuge is created, the local
government loses jurisdiction over the property to the central government.
Following are tables from the above article listing the private reserves,
with added details and links. Additional reserves undoubtedly have been set up
since the time of publication.
Table 1. Officially recognized private wildlife refuges in Costa Rica
Table 2. Private nature reserves that are not part of the Private Wildlife
Refuge Program (control group).