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Excerpts for Twitchers from Checklist of the Birds of Sarawak, by Richard Gregory-Smith

With Taxonomic Updates & Comments by JWW (in brackets)

Complete checklist with many photos


Bat Hawk
Macheiramphus alcinus

Lesser Fish-Eagle
Ichthyophaga humilis

Grey-headed Fish-Eagle
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus

Mountain Serpent-Eagle
Spilornis kinabulensis

Primary forest in mountains in the north of Sarawak, including Gunung Murud and Gunung Mulu. Endemic to Borneo. Endangered protected resident.

Wallace's Hawk-Eagle
Spizaetus nanus

Lowland primary forest. Recorded at Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. Nesting at Niah in April 1983. Endangered protected resident.


Rajah's Scops-Owl
Otus brookei

Montane primary forest in northern Sarawak on Gunung Mulu and Gunung Dulit. Rare protected resident, endemic to Borneo. [Also on Java & Sumatra]

Barred Eagle-Owl
Bubo sumatranus

Middle and upper storeys of lowland and montane primary and secondary forest, particularly near streams Recorded in Semengoh Forest Reserve, at Niah caves, Gunung Dulit, in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, in the Kelabit Highlands and in Kuching. Uncommon protected resident.

Buffy Fish-Owl, Ketupa ketupaBuffy Fish-Owl
Ketupa ketupu

Lowland wetlands, cultivation and mangroves and also in the Kelabit Highlands. Recorded in Lingga area, in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and at Semengoh. Observed near Sri Aman in March 1996. Uncommon protected resident.


Large Frogmouth
Batrachostomus auritus

Dulit Frogmouth
Batrachostomus harterti

Lower and middle storeys of montane primary forest in northern and central Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Dulit, in the Kelabit Highlands and on the Usun Apau. Endangered endemic resident. [Apparently not observed by a living ornithologist. Is there any undisturbed forest left within its known range?]

Gould's Frogmouth, Batrachostomus stellatusGould's Frogmouth
Batrachostomus stellatus

Bornean (Short-tailed) Frogmouth
Batrachostomus mixtus
[Endemic. Split from the much easier to see Sumatran B. poliolophus. See Cleere.]

Javan Frogmouth, Batrachostomus javensisJavan Frogmouth
Batrachostomus javensis

Sunda Frogmouth
Batrachostomus cornutus


Long-billed Partridge
Rhizothera longirostris

Rainforest and limestone areas up to 1000 metres including Gunung Dulit, Gunung Batu Song and Semengoh Forest Reserve. A protected and rare resident.

Black Partridge
Melanoperdix nigra

Lowland species found in primary forest and also in the Kelabit Highlands. Recorded in Gunung Mulu National Park and in Semengoh Forest Reserve. A protected and uncommon resident.

Blue-breasted Quail
Coturnix chinensis

Red-breasted Partridge
Arborophila hyperythra

Ferruginous Partridge, Caloperdix oculeaFerruginous Partridge
Caloperdix oculea

Inhabits montane forest in the north of Sarawak including in the Kelabit Highlands, and on Gunung Dulit and the Usun Apau. An uncommon resident.

Crimson-headed Partridge
Haematortyx sanguiniceps

Crested Partridge
Rollulus rouloul

Crestless Fireback
Lophura erythrophthalma

Crested Fireback
Lophura ignita

Bulwer's Pheasant
Lophura bulweri

Montane species frequenting primary forest including on Gunung Mulu, the Usun Apau, in the Kelabit Highlands and in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. A totally protected and endangered resident, endemic to Borneo.

Bornean Peacock-Pheasant
Polyplectron
schleiermacheri

Inhabits lowland forest up to 1100 metres. Recorded in the upper Rajang area in 1877, and a recent report from that area indicates that the species may still be present. [Details?] A totally protected and endangered resident, endemic to Borneo. [Apparently not observed by a living ornithologist. Probably near extinction with the almost complete elimination of primary forest within its known range.]

Great Argus
Argusianus argus


White-shouldered Ibis
Pseudibis davisoni

Freshwater wetlands and primary forest in the lowlands. Recorded in Kuching in 1946, but no recent records. Endangered protected vagrant.


Storm's Stork
Ciconia stormi

Lowland peat swamp forest and grassy freshwater swamps in the north of Sarawak. Recorded at Bintulu in August 1964, Kuching in September 1964, Niah National Park in October 1974, and in Gunung Mulu National Park in November 1974 and in 1976. Endangered, totally protected, nomadic resident.

Lesser Adjutant
Leptoptilos javanicus

Lowland wetlands, coastal mudflats and open grassland. Nesting was reported at Sambir and Moyan in 1960, but birds no longer frequent this area. On Pulau Bruit, 40 recorded in October 1985 and 11 in April 1986. There was evidence of breeding until 1985, but no subsequent records. Endangered, totally protected, resident.


Bornean Ground-Cuckoo
Carpococcyx radiceus

Very large ground dweller in lowland primary forest. Recorded in Gunung Mulu National Park. Endangered resident. [Endemic. Split from the little-known Sumatran Ground-Cuckoo, C. viridis. See Forktail issue with Carpococcyx on the cover and David Bishop's report about seeing and taping the species at the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Sabah.]


Whitehead's Trogon, Harpactes whiteheadiWhitehead's Trogon
Harpactes whiteheadi

Middle and upper storeys of montane primary forests in northern Sarawak on Gunung Mulu, Gunung Dulit, the Usun Apau and in the Kelabit Highlands. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.

Cinnamon-rumped Trogon
Harpactes orrhophaeus

Lower and middle storeys of montane primary forest to 1400 metres. Recorded on Gunung Mulu and Gunung Dulit and in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. Observed on Gunung Penrissen at 1000 metres. Rare resident.


Mountain Barbet
Megalaima monticola

Golden-naped Barbet
Megalaima pulcherrima

Bornean Barbet
Megalaima eximia


Hose's Broadbill
Calyptomena hosii

Middle storey of lowland and sub-montane primary forest in north and central Sarawak. Recorded in the Kelabit Highlands and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, and on Gunung Murud, Gunung Mulu, Gunung Dulit, Gunung Batu Song and the Usun Apau. Endemic to Borneo. Uncommon resident.

Whitehead's Broadbill
Calyptomena whiteheadi

Middle storey of montane primary forest in north and central Sarawak including in the Kelabit Highlands. Recorded on Gunung Mulu, Gunung Murud, Gunung Dulit and the Usun Apau. Endemic to Borneo. Uncommon resident.


Giant Pitta
Pitta caerulea

Lowland primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Murud at 900m and in Gunung Mulu National Park. Rare resident.

Blue-headed Pitta
Pitta baudii

Lowland primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded in Gunung Mulu National Park in 1976 and in May 1980 (a nest with three eggs) and in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. Endemic to Borneo. Uncommon resident.

Blue-banded Pitta
Pitta arquata

Lowland and montane primary forest throughout Sarawak. Recorded in Gunung Mulu National Park and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. Recorded nesting on Gunung Dulit in September and on Gunung Penrissen. Endemic to Borneo. Uncommon resident.

Mangrove Pitta
Pitta megarhyncha

Mangrove forest in the north of Sarawak. Collected in the Baram area in 1891. Rare resident.


Bornean Whistler
Pachycephala hypoxantha

Middle storey of montane primary forest. Recorded on Gunung Mulu, Gunung Murud and Gunung Pueh. Endemic to Borneo. Locally common resident.


Sunda Treepie [split as Bornean Treepie, cinerascens in MacKinnon & Phillipps]
Dendrocitta occipitalis

Middle and upper storeys of montane primary and secondary forest in northern and central Sarawak. Common resident.

Black Oriole
Oriolus hosii

Upper and middle storeys of montane primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Murud, Gunung Dulit, and on the Usun Apau. Endemic to Borneo. Locally common resident.


Bornean Bristlehead
Pityriasis gymnocephala

Upper and middle storeys of lowland and sub-montane primary and peat swamp forest. Recorded at Mulu, Similajau, Lambir Hills, and Kubah National Parks; in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and at Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary and nearby areas. Endemic to Borneo. Rare resident.


Chestnut-capped Thrush
Zoothera interpres

Ground storey of lowland primary forest. Recorded in the upper Rajang area, and at Semengoh Forest Reserve. One observed in Gunung Mulu National Park. Rare resident.

Everett's Thrush
Zoothera everetti

Ground storey of montane primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Dulit, Gunung Mulu, on the Usun Apau, and in the Kelabit Highlands. Endangered resident.

Black-breasted Fruit-hunter
Chlamydochaera jeffreyi

Upper and middle storeys of montane primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Dulit, Gunung Mulu and Gunung Penrissen. Endemic to Borneo. Uncommon resident.


Bornean Stubtail
Urosphena whiteheadi

Ground storey of montane moss forest in north and central Sarawak. Recorded from Gunung Murud and Gunung Mulu through to the Usun Apau and Gunung Dulit. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.


Chestnut-crested Yuhina
Yuhina everetti

Middle and upper storeys of lowland and montane primary forest. Observed from 400 metres on Gunung Penrissen to 1300 metres in the Kelabit Highlands. Common resident, endemic to Borneo.

Mountain Wren-Babbler
Napothera crassa

Lower and middle storeys of montane primary forest mainly in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Mulu and in the Kelabit Highlands, and also on Gunung Penrissen. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.

Black-throated Wren-Babbler
Napothera atrigularis

Ground storey of lowland and montane primary forest. Recorded from Gunung Dulit, Niah National Park and the Kelabit Highlands. Rare resident, endemic to Borneo.

Bornean Wren-Babbler
Ptilocichla leucogrammica

Ground storey of lowland primary and peat swamp forest. Recorded from Lawas, Baram, the upper Rajang area, Bintulu, Mukah, Sadong , Penrissen, Gunung Mulu National Park and Semengoh Forest Reserve. Rare resident, endemic to Borneo.

Striped Wren-Babbler, Kenopia striataStriped Wren-Babbler
Kenopia striata

Ground storey of lowland primary forest up to 600 metres. Recorded in Gunung Mulu National Park. A party of four observed at Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary. Rare resident.


Pygmy White-eye
Oculocinta squamifrons

Lower and middle storeys of montane primary and secondary forest. Recorded on Gunung Mulu and Gunung Dulit. Observed on Gunung Penrissen at 900 and 1000 metres. Locally common resident, endemic to Borneo.

Mountain Blackeye
Chlorocharis emiliae

Lower, middle and upper storeys of montane primary forest. Recorded on Gunung Mulu and Gunung Pueh. Locally common resident, endemic to Borneo.


Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch
Erythrura hyperythra

Middle storey of montane primary forest with bamboo in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Mulu. Rare resident. [I saw this species in degraded & partially burned roadside bamboo on Luzon.]

Pin-tailed Parrotfinch
Erythrura prasina

Lower storey of montane and lowland primary forest: feeds seasonally in padi fields, regularly in the Kelabit Highlands. Locally common resident.

Dusky Munia
Lonchura fuscans

Lowland and sub-montane long grassland and secondary scrub, peat swamp forest and mangroves. Also occurs in the Kelabit Highlands. Abundant resident, endemic to Borneo.


Whitehead's Spiderhunter
Arachnothera juliae

Upper storey of montane primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded on Gunung Mulu, Gunung Murud, Gunung Dulit, in the Kelabit Highlands and on the Usun Apau. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.

Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker
Prionochilus xanthopygius

Middle and upper storeys of lowland and sub-montane primary and secondary forest; peat swamp forest and rural orchards and plantations. Observed up to 1000 metres on Gunung Penrissen, to 760 metres on Gunung Serapi, at sea level at Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary and Samarahan, and in the Kelabit Highlands. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.

Black-sided Flowerpecker
Dicaeum celebicum

Upper storey of montane primary forest in the north of Sarawak. Recorded along the dividing range including Gunung Mulu and Gunung Dulit, but not on Gunung Penrissen or Gunung Pueh. Uncommon resident, endemic to Borneo.

Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker
Prionochilus percussus

Upper storey of lowland primary, secondary and peat swamp forest in the south of Sarawak. Observed in Kubah National Park at 600 metres and at Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary at sea level. Rare resident.

Brown-backed Flowerpecker
Dicaeum everetti

Middle and upper storeys of lowland primary and secondary forest and plantations. Observed below 500 metres in Kubah National Park. Also recorded in the Kelabit Highlands, in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, and on lower slopes of Gunung Dulit. Rare resident.

Plain Flowerpecker
Dicaeum concolor

Lower and middle storeys of montane and sub-montane secondary forest and rural areas. Recorded in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary. Observed at 1100 metres in the Kelabit Highlands. Uncommon resident.

Plain Sunbird
Anthreptes simplex

Middle storey of lowland and sub-montane primary and secondary forest, peat swamp forest, and on coastal islands. Common resident.

Red-throated Sunbird
Anthreptes rhodolaema

Middle and upper storeys of lowland primary forest. Recorded in Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, and in casuarinas in Bako National Park and in Daro District. Observed along Batang Skrang. Uncommon resident.


[The Blue-wattled Bulbul, Pycnonotus nieuwenhuisi, is not on the Sarawak list, but as it was rediscovered in the early 1990s at the Kuala Belalong Field Studies Centre in Brunei (and is otherwise known from one old specimen from East Kalimantan), it may occur in Sarawak.]


Copyright © 1992-2012 John Wall