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Xeno Canto: Bird Songs from Tropical America. Xeno Canto continues to grow and as of November 2007 provides online access to about 15,000 vocalizations of more than 3,000 species of Neotropical birds, including Recurve-billed Bushbird, three Neomorphus, Araripe Manakin, all the potoos, White-winged Guan, Yellow-eared Parrot, Great Antpitta, Alagoas Tyrannulet, and many other rare birds.

New: The Bird Songs of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East by Andreas Schulze & Karl-Heinz Dingler. 819 species; running time 19:20 hours; 2817 recordings on 2 MP3-DVDs, with pdf booklets in English, French and German. Available from

NEW: Bird Voices of Alta Floresta and Southeastern Amazonian Brazil by Curtis Marantz & Kevin Zimmer. Macauley Library of Natural Sounds 2006. 6-CD set. ISBN: 0938027670. Available from

Victorious birds sing triumph over losers. New Scientist, 10 February 2004. Tropical Boubous in Côte d'Ivoire that successfully defended their territory from a simulated confrontation sang a distinctive "victory duet" from a high perch 30 minutes after playback stopped.

If you're interesting in upgrading microphones, B&H Photo now offers a package deal on the Sennheiser MKH 70 long shotgun RF condenser mic, with a kit including the mic, pistol grip shockmount, blimp windscreen, and long hair wind muff for $1699.95. You'll also need a power supply, mic to power supply cable, and power supply to tape deck pigtail cable (for a stereo deck with dual XLR inputs, ie, Sony TCD5ProII).

Geoff Sample. Collins Field Guide: Warbler Songs & Calls of Britain and Europe. 3 CDs. April 2003. US | UK

Bird Call Recordings (Taiwan) by Wayne Tsu

John V. Moore Nature Recordings - with errata a species table for all recordings to date

Bird Sounds from the Mazar Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador by Bob Planqué - Asian bird sounds and photos.

Mandarin Productions - Publishers of Clive Barlow's new 3 CD set, Bird Songs of the Gambia and Senegal.

Songs of the Antbirds - From Cornell LNS

In Memoriam: Theodore A. Parker III, 1953-1993, by John M. Bates. Auk 114(1): 110 (1997). [Photo of Ted taping a bird.]

Listen to calls of Spix's Macaw. (Now extinct in the wild.) To hear a simulated "flock", open this sound file (same tape, different file) while the first is running. From the Projeto Ararinha Azul website.

Cornell MLNS Sound of the Week

Following are some direct links to audio files on other birding websites. You should be able to listen to them in one or more of the following free programs: Winamp, Musicmatch, Windows Media Player, RealPlayer, and Quicktime. I am using CoolEdit2000 to digitize my tapes and create sonograms.

Alan Wilkinson, Sulawesi & Halmahera:

Moluccan Owlet-Nightjar, Aegotheles crinifrons

Sulawesi Nightjar, Caprimulgus celebensis

Ivory-breasted Pitta, Pitta maxima

Wallace's Standardwing, Semioptera wallacii

Piping Crow, Corvus typicus

Sulawesi Drongo, Dicrurus montanus

Malia, Malia grata

Great Shortwing, Heinrichia calligyna

Jon Hornbuckle Recordings on Sjoerd Mayer's Mysteries from South America:

Juan Mazar Barnett:

Bahia Spintail, Synallaxis whitneyi, with Rio de Janeiro Antbird, Cercomacra brasiliana, in background. Boa Nova, Bahia, Brazil, July 1998.

Rolf de By:

Tall-grass Wetland Tapaculo, Scytalopus iraiensis. Type locality at Quatro Barras, Paraná, Brazil.

Teus Luijendijk - Including Grey-crowned Crocias, Short-tailed Scimitar-babbler, Coral-billed Ground-Cuckoo, and a mystery warbler from Vietnam.

New: Heinz Remold's "The Land Birds of Southeast Brazil" Disc 2 - Suboscines. (Discs 1 and 3 are in preparation.)

Sjoerd Mayer's CD-ROM "Bird Sounds of Bolivia, 2nd edition" This is the best commercial bird song product I have encountered. Here are some samples, with the compiler's notes:

Huayco Tinamou Rhynchotus maculicollis (Song). Also heard are a song of Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis and a song of Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa carbonaria. This species was formerly considered a subspecies of Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens, but I [SM] discovered it has a very different song (see The Auk, Vol. 113 No. 3 July 1996, p. 695-697). This bird is often heard in the mountains of Bolivia, wherever there are grassy areas on mountain ridges, at altitudes from about 750 m. up to 3500 m. It is not found on the Altiplano, nor in the western mountains.

Great Antshrike Taraba major (Song). Also heard are the song of White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi and various vocalizations of Fawn-breasted Wren.

"Masked" Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis (Song). Formerly considered a subspecies of Spotted Antpitta H. macularius. Rediscovered by me [SM] in April 1994 just outside the town of Riberalta, department Beni. It was first found in 1937 by Alfonso M. Olalla, only a few kilometers from Riberalta, on the opposite bank of the Rio Beni. In 1945 Nils Gyldenstolpe described it as a subspecies of Spotted Antpitta. I discovered that it merits species status because of its distinctive song and habitat. I propose the English name "Masked Antpitta".

"Masked" Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis (Call). The calls of this species are very distinctive. They are often heard at dusk when it is almost completely dark, but also serve as alarm calls.

Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora (Song). Also heard are a song of Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea (the yungas race with a very different song, quite probably a distinct species) and a song of Dusky-green Oropendola Psarocolius atrovirens.

Jelle Scharringa's CD-ROM "Birds of Tropical Asia 2" Samples from a great CD, with the compiler's notes:

Large Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus sparverioides, song. Recorded at 2580 m on Tiger Hill, near Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. At 11:45h on 15 May 1989. [The "Brainfever" bird.]

Bay Owl Phodilus badius, song. Recorded by F.G. Rozendaal (©) at Gomantong Caves (50m), Sabah, Borneo. At 02:00h on 12 December 1982. [One of my favorite songs. I've been surrounded by calling Bay Owls in young second growth across from the cabins at Pasoh, but have seen only one after many hours of effort, on the characteristic perch - a vertical tree trunk.]

Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum, song. Recorded at Poring Hotsprings (600m), Mount Kinabalu National Park, Sabah, Borneo. At 06:45h on 24 November 1982.

Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus, song. Recorded on Palas Tea Estate (1650m), Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. At 09:50h on 28 July 1984. [One of the most characteristic songs of the SE Asian hills.]

Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga albiventer, song. Recorded at 2400 m on Tiger Hill, near Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. At 09:15h on 15 May 1989.

Errata to Peter Boesman's CD-ROM "Birds of Venezuela - Photographs, Sounds, Distribution", third in the series of bird song CDs from Bird Songs International B.V.

Songs of Brazilian Birds:

Great Xenops (Megaxenops parnaguae) [JW note: I found this species among a mixed flock from its piercing call note in a patch of dense caatinga scrub along the road into Morro do Chapéu, Bahia, Brazil, in Oct 94.]

Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) [Still easy to see and hear along the lower Transpantaneira, MT, Brazil.]

Slaty Bristlefront (Merulaxis ater) [It's much easier to hear than to see this large tapaculo of Southeast Brazil. A good place to see it as well as the Spotted Bamboowren is in bamboo at Fazenda Capricornia, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil.]

Speckle-breasted Antpitta (Hylopezus nattereri) [Found throughout Southeast Brazil at sites such as Itatiaia National Park (more than halfway up the Jeep Trail) and the "housing estate" at São Francisco de Paula, RS.]

Short-tailed Antthrush (Chamaeza campanisona) [Chamaezas are difficult birds to record without overloading because of the surprisingly wide dynamic range of their songs.]

Brasília Tapaculo (Scytalopus novacapitalis) [Found in moist streamside patches in Serra da Canastra National Park, MG, but may be about to be split from the "Brasília Tapaculo" found at Brasília National Park.]

Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (Sclerurus scansor)

Lined Forest-Falcon (Micrastur gilvicollis)

Bearded Bellbird (Procnias averano)

Capuchinbird (Perissocephalus tricolor)

Lesser Seed-Finch (Oryzoborus angolensis) [A victim of relentless trapping by the cage bird trade throughout Latin America and now absent from most suitable habitat.]

In addition to the links above, I particularly recommend the following websites:

John van der Woude's trip reports, some of which include bird recordings.

OwlCam Sound Library - Excellent compilation of calls of Barred Owls.

Sounds of the Seychelles. They offer 2 CDs of nature sounds. Some mp3 excerpts are on the website, including Seychelles Blue Pigeon, Seychelles Paradise-Flycatcher, Seychelles Bulbul, Seychelles White-eye, and Seychelles Magpie-Robin.

Animal Sounds on the Web - Birds 1, Birds 2, and Birds 3, a compilation of online sounds.

European Bird Songs and Sonograms

Aves de Chile - Sonidos - a frustrating website, since only local Spanish names are given, i.e., equivalent to "the Robin" or "the Jay".

Corvidae Calls

Patuxent Wildlife Research Center North American Bird Songs

Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Central American Bird Songs

Bird Sounds of the Western Palearctic

Dutch Birding Sound Gallery

Wildsong (UK)

Mangoverde links to bird sounds on the net

White-fronted Black Chat recordings from Tigray, Ethiopia by Lieuwe Dijksen

Shaun Peters' index to published bird sound recordings - Continues to grow -- more than 7,500 species!

Macaulay Library of Natural Sounds, Cornell University

British Library Natural Sound Archive [Searchable catalogue of bird recordings] - Source for the Chappuis recordings of West and North African birds.

of Caracas, Venezuela has a very comprehensive Library of Tapes of Venezuela containing vocalizations of more than 700 species, which he generously makes available for scientific use.

Commercial Recordings:

Lang Elliott, Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs: Eastern Region of North America. The best compilation of recordings for Eastern North America.

3 compact discs and 64-page booklet, 1997. US

3 cassettes: US

Kevin J. Colver, Stokes Field Guide to Bird Songs: Western Region of North America. The first choice for the western U.S., with many subspecies that may someday be split.

3 compact discs - 5 hours - and 56-page booklet, 1999. US

3 cassettes (abridged): US

Claus König & Richard Ranft. A Sound Guide to the Owls of the World. Helm & Yale University Press. Forthcoming 2004. Double CD. US | UK
Richard Ranft and Nigel Cleere, A Sound Guide to the Nightjars and Related Nightbirds. (CD). US | UK
Jean C. Roché CDs
Guy Gibbon's Bird Sounds and Videos - including Version 2 of Roberts' Multimedia Birds of Southern Africa
Geoff Sample. Collins Field Guide: Bird Songs & Calls of Britain and Northern Europe. 2 CDs. 1996. US | UK
Bret M. Whitney & David L. Ross, Jr. Voices of Costa Rica Birds: Caribbean Slope. 2 CDs. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. 1995. US
Louise H. Emmons, Bret M. Whitney & David L. Ross, Jr. Sounds of Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: An Audio Field Guide. Audio CD. U. of Chicago Press, 1998. US | UK

Copyright © 1992-2012 John Wall