15-28 April 1999
By Barry Wright
As part of a one-year trip birding abroad, Neil Bostock, Keith Turner and
myself fitted in a two-week trip to Taiwan. The general lack of information on
the country and a number of areas that simply seemed to be inaccessible
initially hampered the trip. We were very fortunate in having an old trip report
from Mick Turton, but this was over ten years out of date, but at least provided
us with a basic itinerary. On our brief return to the UK in February, I managed
to locate some information from Wayne Hsu, a Taiwanese birdwatcher off the
Internet. We still required more site details though and fortunately during our
few days in Manila we met a German birdwatcher Matthias, who had recently
visited Taiwan and knew Wayne's home telephone number in Taipei. As things
seemed to be gradually coming together we met a VENT tour in Vietnam in April,
and one of the participants happened to live in Taiwan kindly gave us a few
contacts. On arrival in Taipei we contacted some birders, visited the Taipei
Wild Bird Society shop and at last we had some good up to date gen. Please note
that outside of Taipei very few people speak English therefore you may well have
a few communication problems. The people are incredibly friendly, and despite a
language barrier at times tried they're best to help us out. Birding is
incredibly popular in Taiwan and the various county clubs organize free, guided
birding excursions throughout the year, which may visit a wader spot, look for
migrants or seek out the pheasants. Information from these is obtainable through
the wild bird society shops.
We flew from Saigon to Taipei at a cost of £165, flight time approx. 3 hours
and returned to Bangkok at the same price. Taipei airport was very relaxed and
we organised a bus to the city centre for 120 Taiwanese dollars per person. As
far as I am aware there is no VISA requirement for a stay of 14 days or less but
this may change.
It is possible to change money at the airport and this was very efficient,
there are also plenty of banks in the big cities some with credit card cash
machines. We mostly used credit cards in order to obtain cash but I don't know
the situation with travelers cheques or changing cash in other currencies at
banks. Whilst we were in Taiwan the exchange rate was 52 Taiwanese dollars to
the sterling, or 32 to the $US. The general costs of living were reasonably high
but not outrageous, the trip costing a lot less than we anticipated.
For our first few days we were reliant on the hospitality of Wayne and his
teacher, we then picked up a hire car which we used for the remainder of the
trip. The rental company was Central Auto Rental Service, which we found to be
excellent value in terms of the quality of the car and the price; they are
located at 164, Sec.4, Cheng-The Road, Taipei. Tel No. (02) 882-1000 or Fax:
(02) 881-6534,staff in the office speak good English. The only other transport
that we used was the flight to Lanyu Island, with the option of plane or
helicopter. These flights operate out of Taichung airport, the airline being
Formosan Airlines but I don't know the name of the chopper operator. The flight
across to Lanyu takes only about 25 minutes, but be sure to try and book in
advance as the flights are not very regular certain days and places limited. The
helicopter costs a little more than the plane, which was about 30 pounds each
way. There is apparently a boat service to the island but our complete lack of
knowledge of the Chinese language provided a few problems when booking over the
Most accommodation in Taipei is very expensive in Asian terms, but we managed
to find a place called Amigos mentioned in the lonely planet and possibly the
same place in Turton's report, which cost 220 dollars each in dormitories Tel.
No. (02) 2571-0612 or 2542-0292. The owner Mr. Lee was very helpful and
friendly, can help out with travel arrangements in and out of the city and
recommend places to eat. Elsewhere in the country we stayed in the cheapest
lodgings we could find called tatame, basically a mattress on a floor in a room
with attached bathroom. On Lanyu we stayed in one of the few tatames only a few
minutes from the airport. Costs varied from 220 dollars each to 500 each. Whilst
at Chitou recreational area the best deal was 1400 for a room with 3 beds in the
Han Kuang hostal. In all cases these were very clean, quiet and comfortable.
Everything from Buddhist vegetarian restaurants to McDonalds and chicken
take-aways are available, the price varying greatly but normally fairly
reasonably priced slightly less than UK prices. The vegetarian restaurants are
good value, with the food priced by its weight.
HEALTH AND SAFETY
There appeared to be no problems, although some parts of Taipei and other
major cities may be more dangerous at night. In terms of health we had no
problems at all, the food normally of a very high quality and no malaria or
FIELD GUIDES and TRIP REPORTS
Taiwan has an excellent field guide in Chinese with superb paintings of the
birds and if you could read Chinese very informative text I expect. This can be
purchased in the Wild Bird Society shops in Taiwan at about £20. There is also
the book of Chinese birds with Taiwan included but the illustrations aren't as
good. We also used a trip report by Mick Turton on a visit to Taiwan in the
1980's, Birds to Watch 2 by Birdlife International, and the information gained
from Wayne Hsu through the Internet.
[See Graham Talbot's reports on Surfbirds:
October 2000 |
March 2001 |
The two endemic pheasants are both possible if you ensure that you are the
first people on the roads at Anmashan early morning or there is no one else on
the trails late afternoon. The birds didn't seem particularly shy but any sudden
movement would likely see them scurrying away. It is also necessary to walk
incredibly slowly and quietly checking for the pheasants at every bend in the
road, this way you are more likely to get prolonged views. Most of the other
endemics are either common or can be taped or pished out. A good set of tapes of
the birds of Taiwan is obtainable in Wild Bird Society shops situated around the
country in the major cities.
Taiwan Wild Bird Society
Fushing South road
No.3 1st floor
Tel No. 23255084
Taipei Tel No. 29371059
Taipei Tel No. (02) 28763176
62, 6th floor
Chung-Shan North road
Section 7, Taipei
F.B. Magpie home
For other further information regarding birding in Taiwan, please contact me
at my home address
18 Chestnut Grove
Tel No. 01322 527345
15th April Saigon to Taipei
16th April Taipei
17th April Taipei Botanical gardens and Yangminshan National Park
18th April Fushan
19th April Anmashan
20th April Anmashan
21st April Wushe to Hung Yeh Hot springs
22nd April Taichung to Lanyu
23rd April Lanyu
24th April Lanyu to Luka
25th April Chitou recreational area
26th April Chitou to Wushe
27th April Wushe to Taipei
28th April Taipei to Bangkok
Taipei Botanical Gardens
These can be found on a good Taipei City map available at the airport or in
shops and although only small the gardens are a haven for wildlife. There are no
Taiwanese endemics but the specialty here are the breeding Malayan Night Herons
that have nested in recent years. To reach the gardens catch a metered taxi and
show an official looking person a picture of the Herons they should then be able
to direct to the birds or the nest. Before you visit the park it may be worth
checking the opening hours and whether the birds are there as I don't think they
Yangminshan National Park
An excellent place situated above Taipei City can be reached either by bus or
a taxi from the city centre. The speciality here is Taiwan Blue Magpie a
species, which is possible to miss on a birding trip but in reasonable, numbers
here. I cannot remember the exact location but if you contact Wayne or other
local birders they can help, as they know this bird well. Other species seen
included Chinese Bamboo partridge, Olive-backed pipit, Black-browed Barbet,
Chinese Bulbul, Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler, Red-headed Tree-babbler,
Gould's Fulvetta, and Grey-cheeked Fulvetta.
Fushan is situated 17.6Km north of Wulai, and takes approximately one hour to
get to from central Taipei. The area is an excellent site for Taiwan Whistling
Thrush as well as other forest species that can be located further up the road
near the trout farm. For further details of this site contact Wayne. Species
recorded here other than the Whistling Thrush were Plumbeous Redstart, Blue
Magpie, Varied Tit, Maroon Oriole, and Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler. Access to
the area may be problematical as there is a checkpoint along the road to the
trout farm and I'm not entirely sure of the formalities as we were with Wayne's
teacher Dr Waltner, but certainly involved showing our passports.
Situated in Taichung County this is definitely one of the key sites in Taiwan
if you want to see the Pheasants, which are regularly seen here. The area may be
accessed by driving south out of Taipei onto route 3 to the town of Tung Shih
where you turn left onto route 8 past a Mac Donald's and a petrol station on the
left, through four sets of traffic lights, and turn left onto a smaller road
signposted to Anmashan (written in Chinese only), adjacent to a pillar with
'China trust' written on it, map 1. The key sites are road 210 situated
at approx. km 35.5 on the road to Anmashan just beyond the entrance gate into
the park (this may be locked at certain times of night) where there is a locked
gate at the start of a track on the left. This is the start of road 210 which
apparently is private and rarely used, therefore not wishing to attract
attention we parked a little bit further up the road out of sight of the
security gate and walked along the road by walking around the gate. Although we
heard that the road is private, visiting birders are usually tolerated and left
undisturbed. Road 220 is situated just before km 39 further up the road towards
the restaurant at Anmashan, where opposite a house on the left of the road,
there is a lay-by adjacent to a chain gate where one can park and walk down the
road for a few kilometres. Both of these roads are illustrated on map 2,
each one producing different birds. The list of species includes nearly all the
endemics, and the chances of the two endemic pheasants are very high early
morning or towards dusk. We recorded one male Mikado Pheasant and three male
Swinhoe's Pheasant, together with good numbers of the other endemics as noted in
the systematic list. Accommodation at Anmashan is provided by tatames, which are
situated above the 'Pheasant roads' nearly at the end of the main road. The cost
for a room for the night was 220 dollars each and food could be obtained in the
restaurant next door, though note this has very strict sitting times for eating.
Therefore you may have to bend the rules a little in order to reach the roads to
see the pheasants for the early morning and late afternoon. Basic pot noodle
meals are also available at the information center next to the car park where
there are superb photos of the birds of Anmashan.
Wushe is marked on a good road map of Taiwan and is an excellent base to bird
from, with different birds at different kilometer marks along route 14 from
Wushe with goodies such as Collared Bush robin, Swinhoe's Pheasant, Alpine
Accentor. As one heads up the hill on route 14 from Wushe the first place worth
stopping at is km 12.5 where there is a small track on the right of the road
through agricultural ground and into some forest. The most productive area for
birds though was at km 15 where there is a blue gate on the left that marks the
start of the 'blue gate track' mentioned by Turton in his report. There is a
small lay-by on the left just beyond the km15 sign and this track goes for at
least 1.5km where we recorded Swinhoe's Pheasant, several Taiwan Tit and large
numbers of many of the more common Taiwanese endemics. The track appeared to be
little used and relatively undisturbed. There is also the possibility of Taiwan
Partridge although we didn't record this species despite much effort. In the
area from km22.5 to 26 we found Collared Bush Robin to be reasonably common and
further up the road into the upper mountain areas with few trees, km 30 to 34 we
recorded Wren, Alpine Accentor and in the pines, Flamecrest. For sites and
birding stops along route 14, see map 3. We stayed in a tatame in Wushe,
the Wushe mountain hostel, 400 dollars per person per night and commuted up and
down the road from the hostel to go birding. Please note the weather here can be
pretty grim at this time of year with the upper reaches of the road often
enshrouded in mist and with heavy rain. This made driving extremely difficult
and somewhat dangerous at times due to virtual zero visibility and the frequent
passage of coaches on the road.
Basically bird anywhere on the island for migrants, whilst the key birds, the
Lanyu Scops Owl, Red-capped Green Pigeon and Japanese Paradise Flycatcher are
all possible in a day or two. The Scops Owl is easily found in Hungtou at the
back of the hotel on the left where there are some steps leading up to a school.
This area is easily found by looking or asking for the hotel where two sets of
steps at angles to one another lead up to the hotel and behind this to the left
of the hotel another set of steps that ends at the edge of the school
playground. We spoke to one of the teachers there that allowed us to wander
around the grounds where the Scops Owl was soon located calling. See map 4.
The other two specialties are at Km. 26 along a dry riverbed to the left of the
road coming from Hungtou. Standing on the bridge one can see a band of forest to
the left that is accessed by going over the bridge and following a steep track
down to the river bed on the left. We then followed the trail for about 0.5km
and found one pair of Paradise Flycatchers and two Red-capped Green Pigeon. Our
accommodation as usual was a tatame, which cost 250 dollars each, and within one
kilometer of the Scops owl stake out.
We attempted to locate some good wader areas, and saw several species at a
place marked on the map as Jengweh shi, north of Tainan.
We birded several areas in the park and saw similar species to Anamashan with
the exception of the Pheasants. Not an essential site but another possibility
for the Partridge.
There are plenty of other sites to visit in Taiwan and I'm sure that the
local birders would be able to help you with seeking out other species of bird
on the Taiwan list that we didn't see or try for.
We would like to thank Wayne for all his help and guidance on the trip via
phone calls and through his excellent guiding at Yangmingshan, Wayne's teacher
Dr. Waltner, Dan Chamberlin and his Taipei contacts, Philip Diller and Tammy.
The help from the staff at the wild bird shop in Taipei was indispensable and
lastly to Matthias Fehlow for his useful gen and Tony Morris for his Internet
searches on Taiwan during my brief return to the UK in February.
SYSTEMATIC SPECIES LIST
Endemic species to Taiwan are highlighted in bold
BROWN BOOBY Sula leucogaster
One recorded off Lanyu.
CHINESE LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus sinensis
One flushed several times on Lanyu was evidently a migrant.
MALAYAN NIGHT HERON Gorsachius melanolophus
A pair nesting in the botanical gardens in Taipei and one other in a
residential part of Taipei. This species is a popular local attraction in Taipei
and well known to those visiting the park. The birds appeared completely
oblivious to our presence and allowed us to observe them on the nest and feeding
at very close range on the grass around the lakes, often seen to eat what looked
like small worms.
LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta
A very common roadside bird.
GREAT EGRET Egretta alba
Alike the previous species this is a very common roadside bird.
INTERMEDIATE EGRET Egretta intermedia
Recorded for certain at Jengweh shi but probably overlooked elsewhere.
BLACK KITE Milvus migrans
One seen flying overhead on route north to Taipei.
CRESTED SERPENT-EAGLE Spilornis cheela
Recorded at Fushan, Chitou and a few others whilst driving between sites.
CRESTED GOSHAWK Accipter trivirgatus
One in the botanical gardens and another on the route south from Taipei was
watched at very close range on some overhead wires.
GREY-FACED BUZZARD Butastur indicus
One on Lanyu was presumably a migrant.
JAPANESE SPARROWHAWK Accipter gularis
One on Lanyu was seen early in the morning and alike other raptors at this
site probably a migrant.
CHINESE SPARROWHAWK Accipter soloensis
A few probables migrating away from Lanyu early morning.
CHINESE BAMBOO-PARTRIDGE Bambusicola thoracica
A few groups encountered at Yangminshan, Fushan, Wushe and Chitou. This
species was often very approachable and easy to observe for prolonged periods of
time. Endemic ssp. B.t.sonirovox
TAIWAN (WHITE-THROATED) HILL PARTRIDGE Arborophila crudigulais
This endemic Partridge was possibly heard at Km13.5 Wushe. Listed as near
threatened by Birdlife International.
SWINHOE'S PHEASANT Lophura swinhoii
3 males at Anmashan on road 220 early morning and at dusk, 3 males at Km 15.5
Wushe, one male at Km 13.0. This fantastic looking Pheasant was surprisingly
tame at Anmashan probably due to a lack of hunting and the regular encounters
that this species has with humans. The birds at Wushe were much shyer and once
they realised that they were being watched tended to scurry off into the
undergrowth or down the steep slopes. This species was often initially noticed
as a result of its dazzling white tail feathers. Listed as near threatened by
MIKADO PHEASANT Syrmaticus mikado
Only one male seen despite extensive searching early morning on road 210 at
Anmashan. This species was evidently much more scarce at Anmashan compared to
Swinhoe's Pheasant and our chance encounter with one male was very fortunate
indeed. The bird was watched at reasonably close range just beyond a bend in the
track and only visible by pursuing it along the track. It was watched for nearly
ten minutes until it eventually looked round and noticed us, which made it
slowly walk off the track and up the adjacent slope out of view. Listed as near
threatened by Birdlife International.
MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus
One in Taipei botanical gardens.
WHITE-BREASTED WATERHEN Amaurornis phoenicurus
A few on Lanyu were mostly seen early in the morning feeding around the taro
BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus
Very common at Jengweh Shi.
LITTLE-RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius
One only at Jengweh Shi.
KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus
Common at Jengweh Shi.
LESSER SANDPLOVER Charadrius mongolus
A few at Jengweh Shi.
ASIATIC GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis fulva
One at Jengweh Shi.
RED-(RUFOUS) NECKED STINT Calidris ruficollis
Common at Jengweh Shi.
CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea
Common at Jengweh Shi.
SHARP-TAILED SANDPIPER Calidris acuminata
Three at Jengweh Shi.
COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos
A few on Lanyu.
Common at Jengweh shi.
REDSHANK Tringa totanus
A few at Jengweh shi.
GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia
A few at Jengweh shi.
WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola
A few at Jengweh shi, but possibly more.
TEREK SANDPIPER Xenus cinereus
Two at Jengweh shi.
TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres
A few at Jengweh shi.
RED-NECKED PHALAROPE Phalaropus lobatus
10 at Jengweh shi.
LITTLE WHIMBREL Numenius minutus
Two on the airstrip at Lanyu were only noticed as we were taxiing away from
the airstrip to return to the mainland.
JACK SNIPE Lymnocryptes minima
One probable on Lanyu.
WHISKERED TERN Chilodonias hybrida
Common near to Jengweh shi.
BLACK-NAPED TERN Sterna sumatrana
A few off Lanyu were spotted from the helicopter.
Common roadside bird.
RUFOUS (EASTERN) TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia orientalis
A common roadside bird.
RED (COLLARED) TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia tranquebarica
A common roadside bird.
ASHY WOODPIGEON Columba pulchricollis
Six at Chitou were the only individuals seen during our stay in Taiwan.
PHILLIPINE (LARGE BROWN) CUCKOO DOVE Macropygia phasianella
Several recorded on Lanyu the only site in Taiwan for this species.
FERAL DOVE Columba livia
RED-CAPPED (FORMOSAN or WHISTLING) GREEN PIGEON Treron formosae
A few seen in flight and two birds seen very well perched on Lanyu in the dry
riverbed as noted on the map. The birds are very shy and incredibly difficult to
see in the dense foliage when perched. This species is restricted to small
islands off Taiwan, the Philippines and Japan, and is listed as near threatened
by Birdlife International.
Endemic spp. T.f.formosae.
EMERALD (GREEN WINGED) DOVE Calcophaps indica
Two to three on Lanyu, all seen in flight.
LARGE HAWK-CUCKOO Cuculus sparverioides
Commonly heard but never seen despite much effort.
LESSER COUCAL Centropus bengalensis
Common roadside bird.
BROWN HAWK OWL Ninox scutulata
Only heard at Chitou
LANYU (RYUKU) SCOPS OWL Otus elegans
One pair seen exceptionally well on Lanyu that were nesting in an old
ventilation pipe, also up to four others heard in the area around Yu Yer Pu Luo.
These birds are thought to be the same species as Ryukyu Scops Owl from Japan.
Lanyu would appear to be an excellent site to see this species which globally is
very rare though not listed by Birdlife International.
RIVER KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis
A few seen on Lanyu along the beaches, others seen on the mainland along the
BLACK-BROWED (MULLER'S) BARBET
Common in forested areas.
WHITE-BACKED WOODPECKER Picoides leucotus
Two at Wushe Km 12.5, two at Anmashan on road 210. Endemic spp.
GREY-CAPPED PYGMY WOODPECKER Picoides canicapillus
Only one seen at Chitou in a mixed species feeding flock.
WHITE-THROATED NEEDLETAIL Hirandapus caudacuta
Recorded at Anmashan with others seen at various roadside stops.
PACIFIC (FORK-TAILED) SWIFT Apus pacificus
A roadside bird commonly seen flying overhead.
ASIAN HOUSE MARTIN Delichon dasypus
Commonly seen on route.
BARN SWALLOW Hirundo rustica
PACIFIC SWALLOW Hirundo tachitica
STRIATED SWALLOW Hirundo striolata
BROWN-THROATED SAND MARTIN Riparia paludicola
Only a few seen at Jengweh shi.
WHITE WAGTAIL Motacilla alba
One only by the roadside.
GREY WAGTAIL Motacilla cinerea
OLIVE-BACKED (INDIAN TREE) PIPIT Anthus hodgsoni
One at Yangminshan and one at Lanyu.
ORIENTAL SKYLARK Alauda gulgula
One on Lanyu others seen distantly at Taitung airport.
GREY-CHINNED (YELLOW-THROATED) MINIVET Pericrocotus solaris
Recorded at Fushan, Anmashan, Wushe and Chitou.
CHINESE BULBUL Pycnonotus sinensis
A common bird.
STYANS (FORMOSAN) BULBUL Pycnonotus taivanus
A common bird along the coast south of Hualien, classified as near threatened
BLACK BULBUL Hypsipetes madagascariensis
Common. Endemic spp. H.m.nigerimmus
CHESTNUT-EARED BULBUL Hypsipetes amaurotis
Common on Lanyu. Endemic spp. H.a.nagamichii
Up to six recorded on roadside from Wushe north to Taipei. Endemic spp.
LONG-TAILED (BLACK-HEADED) SHRIKE Lanius schach
A few at the roadside seen whilst driving around the country.
BROWN SHRIKE Lanius cristatus
One at Taipei botanical gardens and two on Lanyu.
JAPANESE WAXWING Bombycilla japonica
One migrant on Lanyu perched on wires on two dates was a surprise find.
Listed near threatened.
BROWN DIPPER Cinclus pallasii
One at Kukuan.
WREN Troglodytes troglodytes
One only seen above Wushe at Km 33. Endemic spp. T.t.taivanus
WHITE-BROWED (BLUE) SHORTWING Brachypteryx montana
Commonly seen and heard in forest. Endemic spp. B.m.goodfellowi
ALPINE ACCENTOR Prunella collaris
Six birds at Km 30 to 34 above Wushe, extremely tame and confiding. Endemic
COLLARED BUSH-ROBIN Erithacus johnstoniae
Several males and females recorded above Wushe on the higher parts of the
PLUMBEOUS (WATER) REDSTART
Seen at Fushan and Kukuan in the rivers. Endemic spp. P.f.affinis
LITTLE FORKTAIL Enicurus scouleri
One male and one female at Anmashan Km 42 in the small waterfall. Endemic spp.
WHITE-TAILED (BLUE) ROBIN Cinclidium leucurum
A common forest bird often lured into view by playback of its call.
BLUE ROCK THRUSH Monticola solitarius
Recorded commonly at Fushan, Lanyu, and along roadside.
TAIWAN (FORMOSAN) WHISTLING THRUSH Myiophoneus insularis
Three birds at Fushan early morning calling and seen adjacent to river, one
at Chitou and heard at Wushe. This large 'Thrush is apparently almost guaranteed
at Fushan early in the morning.
BROWN-HEADED THRUSH Turdus chrysolaus
One in Taipei botanical gardens.
EYE-BROWED THRUSH Turdus obscurus
One only on route 14.
RUSTY-CHEEKED SCIMITAR BABBLER Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
Two at Chitou and one at Fushan. Endemic spp. P.e.erythrocnemis
STREAK-BREASTED SCIMITAR BABBLER Pomatorhinus ruficollis
Only one at Yangminshan. Endemic spp. P.r.musicus
TAIWAN (WHITE-EARED) SIBIA
A common forest bird.
TAIWAN (FORMOSAN) BARWING Actinodura morrisoniana
Two at Anmashan road 210, others at Wushe
WHITE-THROATED LAUGHINGTHRUSH Garrulax albogularis
Several groups encountered at Anmashan and above Wushe. Endemic spp.
RUFOUS LAUGHINGTHRUSH Garrulax poecilorhynchus
Only one at Anmashan on road 220
TAIWAN (WHITE-WHISKERED) LAUGHINGTHRUSH Garrulax morrisonianus
Several on the high pass above Wushe in roadside scrub and on road 210
STEERES' LIOCICHLA Liocichla steerii
A very common endemic species recorded in all forest areas and in scrub.
GOULDS' FULVETTA Alcippe brunnea
Several at Yangminshan and Anmashan. Endemic spp. A.v.valentinae
STREAK-THROATED FULVETTA Alcippe cinereiceps
Reasonable numbers at Anmashan and above Wushe though often difficult to see.
GREY-CHEEKED FULVETTA Alcippe morrisonia
Abundant at Yangminshan, Chitou and Above Wushe in large groups. Endemic spp.
TAIWAN (FORMOSAN) YUHINA Yuhina brunneiceps
A very common endemic species often encountered in noisy mixed species
WHITE-BELLIED YUHINA Yuhina zantholeuca
Recorded at Yangminshan and Fushan.
PYGMY-WREN BABBLER Pnoepyga albiventer
Once the call is learnt, reasonably common and easy to lure in at Anmashan,
Chitou and above Wushe. This species is incredibly easy to see at Anmashan and
well worth the effort.
Endemic spp. P.p.formosana
RED-HEADED TREE-BABBLER Stachyris ruficeps
Common in forest often in large mixed species flocks. Endemic spp.
STRONG-FOOTED BUSH-WARBLER Cettia fortipes
Common more often heard than seen.
YELLOWISH-BELLIED (SWINHOE'S) BUSH-WARBLER Cettia robustipes
Common often heard, occasionally seen.
BROWN BUSH-WARBLER Bradypterus seebhomi
Common. Only one at Yangminshan.
YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER Phylloscopus inornatus
WHITE-THROATED FLYCATCHER-WARBLER Abroscopus albogularis
Commonly heard and several seen in forest, though difficult to observe at
FLAMECREST (TAIWAN FIRECREST) Regulus goodfellowi
One near to Tayuling, and several at Km 33 Wushe. This fantastic endemic
species was readily encountered at Wushe where it could be seen at close range
in the pines next to the road.
TAWNY-FLANKED PRINIA Prinia subflava
A few seen adjacent to the roadside. Endemic spp. P.s.flavirostris
YELLOW-BELLIED PRINIA Prinia flaviventris
A few seen at roadside stops in scrub.
SNOWY-BROWED (THICKET) FLYCATCHER Ficedula hyperythra
Several at Anmashan and Chitou including carrying food at the latter site.
VIVID NILTAVA Niltava vivida
Common at Anmashan. Endemic spp. N.v.vivida
FERRUGINOUS FLYCATCHER Muscicapa ferrugines
Recorded at Anmashan and Tayuling in small numbers.
GREY-STREAKED FLYCATCHER Muscicapa griseisticta
Three on Lanyu were presumably migrants.
BLACK-NAPED BLUE MONARCH Hypothymis azurea
Only one at Yangminshan. Endemic spp. H.a.oberholseri
JAPANESE (BLACK) PARADISE FLYCATCHER Terpsiphone atrocaudate
One pair in the dry riverbed on Lanyu. This species is listed as near
threatened by Birdlife.
VINOUS-THROATED PARROTBILL Paradoxornis webbianus
A few in roadside scrub just above Wushe. Endemic spp. P.w.bulomachus
BLACK-THROATED (RED HEADED) TIT Aegithalos concinnus
A very common forest bird often accompanying mixed species flocks.
EUROPEAN NUTHATCH Sitta europaea
A few at Anmashan, Km 12.5 and 15.5 Wushe.
GREEN-BACKED TIT Parus monticolus
YELLOW TIT Parus holsti
A few seen at Anmashan but much more common at Wushe and Chitou. This species
is listed as Near threatened by Birdlife International.
COAL TIT Parus ater
Only one pair seen at Anmashan around the accommodation and restaurant at Km
Endemic spp. P.a.ptilosus
VARIED TIT Parus varius
One pair at Fushan. Endemic spp. P.v.castaneoventris
JAPANESE WHITE-EYE Zosterops japonica
Common on the mainland and on Lanyu. Endemic spp. Z.j.simplex
SCARLET (FIRE) BREASTED FLOWERPECKER Dicaeum ignipectus
Recorded at Anmashan, Wushe and Chitou.
VINACEOUS ROSEFINCH Carpodacus vinaceus
Common at Anmashan and Wushe.
BROWN BULLFINCH Pyrrhula nipalensis
Several seen at Anmashan road 210. Endemic spp. P.n.uchidai
BEAVAN'S BULLFINCH Pyrrhula erythaca
A few at Anmashan and Wushe Km 15.5. Endemic spp. P.e.owstoni
TREE SPARROW Passer montanus
WHITE-RUMPED MUNIA Lonchura striata
A few at Chitou.
CRESTED (JUNGLE) MYNA Acridotheres cristatellus
A common roadside bird
MAROON ORIOLE Oriolus traillii
Only one in forest at Fushan. Endemic spp. O.t.ardens
BLACK DRONGO Dicrurus macrocercus
A common roadside bird. Endemic spp. D.m.harteri
BRONZED DRONGO Dicrurus aeneus
Recorded at Yangminshan and Anmashan.Endemic spp. D.a. braunianus
TAIWAN (FORMOSAN) BLUE MAGPIE Urocissa caerulea
Two at Yangminshan and one at Fushan, this species could be missed on a short
JAY Garrulus glandarius
Common at Anmashan and Chitou, some vocalizations completely different to
birds in UK.
NUTCRACKER Nucifraga caryocatactes
Several groups seen at Anmashan. Endemic spp. N.c.owstoni
GREY (HIMALAYAN) TREEPIE Dendrocitta formosae
A roadside bird recorded in Taipei in large trees as well as in forest and on
Endemic spp. D.f.formosae
LARGE BILLED (JUNGLE) CROW Corvus macrorhynchos
A very common species.
Total number of species seen =138 including 13 of the 14 endemic species. The
Hill Partridge was only heard and despite much effort never seen.