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18 June -2 July 2000

by Roger Ahlman


Going to such a big and bird-rich country as Venezuela for just two weeks is of course not enough and therefore we decided to concentrate on the Bolívar province in the southeast, with just "skimming the cream" of some of the other sites more or less en route. The main targets were the Escalera Road and the surrounding forests and the Harpy Eagle near Rio Grande. To add some more to the total trip list and our lifer-lists we spent one and a half day at Henri Pittier and about the same time in the vast Llanos area and also two days near the Oilbird cave and in the Sucre province. Two full days was spent in the car with just some roadside birding stops.

We faced no serious problems during the trip, just the normal stuff with flat tyres and some minor car problems. We had some fears that last years heavy rain and landslides, which killed a lot of people, could cause us some problems and delays but the only signs of this was that a bridge was missing between Barcelona and Caracas and we had to make a detour. In the Guatapo NP southeast of Caracas one road had just been open to traffic and some, probably private, roadwork was still going on. People were maintaining the road with shovels and asking for some money when we passed. We usually paid 100 Bolivares and they seemed happy with that.

At San Isidro (km 88) at the foot of the Escalera road we ran out of local currency and tried to change money at the bank at km 87, but they didn't change dollars! Nor did they accept VISA or Mastercard! Money, 200 USD at the time, could be changed at the Corpoven gas station at San Isidro by Augustino Jesuso. The gas station is just opposite the Hotel Pillanera at which we stayed. A good idea is to change money in one of the larger cities like Ciudad Bolívar or Guayana before going south.

Fuel is very cheap, about 80 bolivares (about 12 cents!) for a litre and readily available. On the south side of Orinoco gas stations and habitations are few and one should fill up the tank whenever opportunity is given.

We didn't and ran out fuel in the middle of nowhere, but fortunately a small truck came within a minute, and he had a 20-litre can on the back which we bought for about double price, which was a true bargain in our situation.

We had a Ford Festive rented from Budget and pre-booked from Sweden. The total cost was 711 USD and the car was just about enough for four persons with not too much luggage and four telescopes.

Food was generally rather cheap and good and easy to find. In the bigger cities western food like hamburgers and pizzas could be found. In San Isidro we had lunch and dinner every day at restaurant Tasca, which is just across the street from the hotel and next door to the gas station. They served the best food on the trip and also had excellent Chilean wine. In Sucre and at El Palmar we had dinner where we stayed at Klaus Muller's place and Hotel Parador. We ate fresh vegetables all the time without being sick. We drank bottled water, which is found everywhere and Polar beer, which is sold in 22 cl bottles. At Rancho Grande in Henri Pittier we even drank tap water as they said it was perfectly all right and it was.

Participants on this trip were:

Roger Ahlman, Ynglingagatan 4, 331 40 Värnamo, Sweden. +46 (0)370-184 59

Lars Larsson, Glommen

Karl-Erik Gustavsson, Skräddaregatan 25, 430 10 Tvååker, Sweden. +46 (0)340-475 76

Stefan Andersson, Sandhäll, 331 12 Forsheda, Sweden. +46 (0)370- 81115


18/6. We departed from Sweden and Landvetter Airport and via Frankfurt arrived in Caracas in early evening. The pre-booked car, a Ford Festive, from Budget was waiting for us. We went straight to Maracay 2 hours west of Caracas and spent the night in Hotel Pipo, which is a four-star luxury hotel that cost 93USD per night for a double room. We didn't bother to find a cheaper hotel as it was getting late. The hotel is situated at the outskirts of town towards the Choroní Road through Henri Pittier NP.

19/6. We made a pre-dawn start up the Choroní Road to the pass (1/2 hour from the hotel) and birded both sides of the pass. Afternoon was spent at Rancho Grande and the Ocumare road in the western part of the park. We spent the night at Rancho Grande, which was very basic and cost only 7 USD.

20/6. We birded from the roof of the building in the morning which was not as rewarding as mentioned in other reports. We also did the trail which starts immediately behind the far building. Later in the morning we birded the Ocumare road on the north side. Afternoon was transport to near San Fernando in the Llanos. Of course, 1 1/2 day in HPNP is much too little but we got a taste of it and saw about half of the endemics there.

21/6. Driving through San Fernando to Mantecal with several roadside stops. The road goes through good bird habitat all the time. Wetlands mixed with patches of forests and grazed areas. In the afternoon we went to Hato El Cedral, which is a big ranch southeast of Mantecal. They charged us 25 USD each for entering the ranch, which we at the beginning thought was rather expensive, but it turned out to be well worth the money. At the ranch we were met by an English-speaking guide who gave us free soft drinks and together with a very bird knowledgeable companion of his, we went through the list of species we hadn't seen. The endemic White-bearded Flycatcher occurs around the ranch buildings and was soon ticked off. We embarked a truck with seats on the back and went out on the ranch manors. Excellent views of the wetland birds and Caymans and råttor. We went with a motorboat in a small river and only after 100 meters we saw a four meter Anaconda which the guides pulled out from a hole in the brink. Many other goodies were seen during this little trip; several Hoatzins and Sunbitterns, superb views of Yellow-knobbed Currasow. We went ashore twice to walk beside some smaller streams in search of Agami and Zigzag herons. We failed on those unfortunately. In the late afternoon and evening we went back to San Fernando. Like Henri Pittier, 1 1/2 days in the Llanos is too little, but we saw most of the birds anyway.

22/6. A day of traveling. The original plan was to go to El Palmar but we only reached Ciudad Bolívar after 14 hours. We had to go south to Porto Paez by Orinoco near Colombia and then up along the south side of the mighty Orinoco River. Between San Fernando and Porto Paez two rivers has to be crossed by ferry. When we came to the second crossing there were no warnings that the road would end, which almost made us drive straight into the river!

There is very good bird habitat south of San Fernando all the way to the Orinoco and we made several stops. South of the river the habitat is drier and more boring. Make sure to fill up with gas as soon as you see a gas station. We didn't and consequently run out of fuel in the middle of nowhere. Luckily a small truck came within a minute, and he happened to have 20 liters on the back which we bought for about double price, which was a true bargain in this situation.

23/6. Early departure from Ciudad Bolívar and some hours driving to El Palmar where we checked in at Hotel Parador on the outskirts of the town. The owner is apparently familiar with birdwatchers (pajaneros in Spanish), and we booked the Harpy guide through him. Afternoon was spent on the logging road around Rio Grande. We almost made it to the river with our car, it had been raining quite a lot the last days and the road was flooded in some places so we couldn't make it all the way. If it's a bit drier or with a 4 WD it's no problems.

24/6. Departure at 6.00 in a Toyota jeep with the guide Javier. It took 1 hour 20 minutes to drive several kilometres past Rio Grande and an additional 1 1/2 hour jungle walk before we came to the Harpy nest. The female was standing on the nest and made a short flight and perched on a big branch. We had gripping views for about 20 minutes before we left. We continued birdwatching along the road for some kilometres before going back to the hotel and had lunch and freshened up a bit before going the last 250 kilometres to San Isidro (km 88). Some roadside birding en route and a stop on the bridge over Rio Cauroni (with Black-collared swallow). We paid 70000 bolivares (105 USD) for the Harpy guide and jeep. That was what he asked for and we didn't negotiate. The time in San Isidro was spent at Hotel Pillanera (6500 B/single room).

25/6. Rain until 11.00. We made some desperate attempt to bird along the Escalera road but didn't see much. Afternoon was spent on a logging road at km 66 which was rather rewarding.

26/6. A fine morning on the Gran Sabana. During the morning we worked ourselves slowly down the Escalera, birding different altitudes. The usual midday shower while having lunch and afternoon was spent along a logging road at km 87. Every evening we had dinner at restaurant Tasca just south of the gas station which is across the street from our hotel. This restaurant turned out to serve the best food we had on the entire trip. We especially enjoyed their Bisteka with Papas fritas and 2 bottles of Chilean red wine Tucornal 1997. For 8000 B/bottle this was a fine ending to the days.

27/6. Light rain until 9.00. We did km 132-135 in the morning and made several birding stops on the way down. At this time we where run out of local currency and had to go to the bank at km 87 only to be informed that they couldn't change dollars! Nor could we get money on VISA or Mastercard! But the good news was that there is a guy at the gas station in San Isidro that could change dollars. He could only change 200 USD at the time so we went back to him the next couple of days with 200 each time. Afternoon was spent, with light rain, around km 111, which is supposed to be a good place for Guianan C-o-t-R. We failed to see any though. Dinner as usual.

28/6. A fine morning at km 111. Lasse saw a female C-o-t-R and Roger had a nice flock a bit further away including 2 Sharpbills. Birding up to km 128 before going back for lunch and changing money. We had Spaghetti Bolognese every day for lunch at restaurant Tasca. Afternoon was spent north of km 88 with rather unproductive birding as we couldn't find any good trails into the forest. The trail at km 67 which is mentioned in several reports, was heavily flooded in the beginning and the trails at km 71 and 73 we couldn't find. Kalle celebrated his 50th birthday.

29/6. We started at 6.30 from San Isidro and drove more or less non- stop for 12 hours to Cueva de los Guacharos and made it, with 10 minutes margin, to the big flyout of the Oilbirds. Night at Hotel Venezia in nearby Caripe (9000 B/double).

30/6. We walked the main trail opposite the cave up and down a couple of times in search of the Grey-headed Warbler but in vain. It was surprisingly quiet in the forest. A few hours transport to Guarounos and Vuelta Larga where German-born Klaus Muller has a ranch and accommodates tourists. We did some afternoon birding in a swamp in the outskirts of the village and in the garden with some new hummingbirds.

1/7. Birding with Daniel Muller at the ranch nearby. Daniel knows the birds perfect in this area and where to find them. The habitat is wetlands and some forest and much of the birds are the same as in the Llanos but goodies includes Crimson-hooded Manakin and Cream-coloured Woodpecker. Afternoon was driving towards Caracas and we stopped for the night at Piritu just west of Barcelona. Evening along the beach with a lot of local people. Some stops along the road gave some North American waterbirds near the coast.

2/7. Driving with some birding stops towards Caracas. We made a little detour through Guatupo NP before going into Caracas and in the evening fly back to Sweden.


We faced no serious problems during the trip, just the normal stuff with the car. South of the Orinoco is a long stretch with very few people and habitations. We run out of petrol here and luckily a truck came within a minute and had a 20-litre can which we could buy. This stop could have caused us a long delay, so fill up the tank whenever opportunity is given. There is a gas station just on the south shore of the river near Pto Paez. The next one is at Caicara, which one will pass about 10 kms east of and this means a detour. After that is a rather long way to an obscure "gas station".

The food was generally good and none of us suffered from any stomach illness, although we ate fresh vegetables in many places. Bottled water is readily available and at Rancho Grande the tap water was good for drinking (I know, I tried). In the major cities hamburgers can be found. We had Chilean wine in several places and found it to be both very good for a reasonable price. Otherwise the local beer, Polar, is available anywhere.

The people were generally very friendly and helpful. We didn't feel unsafe in any place nor did we have any problems with the police or military, apart from a checkpoint near the Colombian border which took about 10 minutes. It is rather necessary to know some Spanish. At least to be able to ask for the way, order food, etc. We only had this basic knowledge in Spanish. During the trip we only met five people who could speak English.


Great Tinamou Tinamus major

Heard Escalera 25-26/6

Red-legged Tinamou Crypturellus erythropus

1 Heard Sucre 1/7

Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus

1 heard Escalera 27-28/6

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

5 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Common along the coast.

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax olivaceous

Common in the Llanos and along the coast.

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga

Fairly common in the Llanos.

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Common along the coast.

Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix

Singles in the Llanos.

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus

1 Sucre 1/7

Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi

Singles in the Llanos, 2 Guarounous, Sucre 1/7

Great Egret Egretta alba

Common in wetlands. About 500 in one wetland south of San Fernando 22/6

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

About 25 along the coast.

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Fairly common in the Llanos, 1 along the coast west of Barcelona 2/7

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Fairly common in the Llanos and Guarounous, Sucre.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis


Striated Heron Butorides striatus

Singles in suitable habitat.

Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax violaceus

4 on a boat trip at Hato el Cedral, Llanos 21/6

Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Singles in suitable habitat. About 25 in the same wetland as the huge number of Great Egrets south of San Fernando.

Rufescent Tiger-heron Tigrisoma lineatum

Singles in the Llanos

Least Bittern Ixobrynchus exilis

1 male Guarounous, Sucre 1/7

Wood Stork Mycteria americana

About 50 in the Llanos.

Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari

Common in the Llanos, 1 near the Orinoco 29/6

Jabiru Ephippiorhynchus mycteria

Common near Hato el Cedral and singles elsewhere in the Llanos.

Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus

Fairly common in the Llanos.

Sharp-tailed Ibis Cercibis oxycerca

6 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis

1 heard Guarounous, Sucre 1/7

Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus

Fairly common Llanos.

American White Ibis Eudicmus albus

2 im Hato el Cedral and 3 in a big flock of Scarlet Ibises between San

Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Scarlet Ibis Eudicmus ruber

Some flocks in the Llanos. 5 Guarounous 1/7, 5 along the coast west of Barcelona 2/7.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

10 Llanos 20/6 and 1 south of San Fernando 22/7

Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja

Singles in the Llanos and along the north coast.

American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber

1 along the north coast west of Barcelona 2/7

White-faced Whistling-duck Dendrocygna viduata

Common in the Llanos.

Black-bellied Whistling-duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Common in the Llanos.

Orinoco Goose Neochen jubatus

30 at Hato el Cedral 21/6 and 6 south of San Fernando 22/6.

Muscovy Duck Carinia moschata

3 south of San Fernando 22/6

Brazilian Duck Amazonetta brasiliensis

2 Hato el Cedral 21/6

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis

10 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7 and 200 west of Barcelona 2/7

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

1 male along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura


Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus

Fairly common in the Llanos and open country south of Orinoco.

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus

Singles in the rainforest at Rio Grande and Escalera area.

American Black Vulture Coragyps atratus


King Vulture Sarcorhampus papa

Singles in forested areas. 1 im in the Llanos 21/6

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

1 Llanos 21/6

American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

Fairly common in small groups.

Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii

1 by the ferry north of Orinoco 22/6, 2 between Ciudad Guayana and El Palmar 23/6, 1 along the road west of Barcelona 2/7.

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

Singles in the Llanos and Sucre

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis

2 Llanos 20/6 and 5 21/6

Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus

1 Vuelta Larga, Guarounous, Sucre 1/7

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus

At least 2 different birds at the Escalera 25-28/6

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea

Fairly common in small flocks from Llanos and eastwards.

Tiny Sparrowhawk Accipiter superciliosus

1 seen at about km 112 Escalera 26/6

White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis

2-3 seen at Gran Sabana 25-27/6

Grey-lined Hawk Asturnia (Buteo) nitidus

1 Rio Grande 23/6

Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus

1 Guatapo NP 2/7

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

1 Ocumare Rd, Henri Pittier 19/6, 2 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis

About 20 in the Llanos 20-22/6

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis

Common in the Llanos. 2 Vuelta Larga, Sucre 1/7

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

1 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 1 Vuelta Larga, Sucre 1/7

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

Singles throughout

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus

1 Rio Grande 24/6, 1 near Maturin, Monegas 29/6

White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus

Singles in most places

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja

1 female on the nest at Rio Grande 24/6.

According to the guide the birds have an egg in the nest. 3 nests are Known in the area.

Black Hawk-eagle Spizaetus tyrannus

1 Guatapo NP 2/7

Red-throated Caracara Daptrius americanus

4 in the forest near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24/6

Crested Caracara Polyborus cheriway

Common in open areas.

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima

Common in open areas.

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans

1 north of San Isidro 28 and 29/6, 2 heard Vuelta Larga 1/7

Collared Forest-falcon Micrastur semitorquatus

1 near Rancho Grande, HP 20/6

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

About 10 seen in the open areas on transport days 22-23/6 and 29/6

Bat Falcon Falco rufigullaris

2 along the road north of San Isidro 24/6 and 3 Guarounous 30/6

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis

1 Llanos 21/6 and 2 south of San Fernando 22/6

Rufous-vented Chachalaca Ortalis ruficauda

3 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 1 heard Vuelta larga 1/7 and 1 seen along the road east of Piritu.

Band-tailed Guan Penelope argyrotis

7 in a group on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacau

1 seen and heard on the Escalera 26/6

Yellow-knobbed Curassow Crax daubentoni

Gripping views of one walking along the riverbank at Hato el Cedral 21/6

Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus

2 on the road south of El Palmar 24/6

Venezuela Wood-quail Odontophorus columbianus

1-2 heard on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Limpkin Aramus guarauna

About 25 seen in the Llanos 20-22/6 and 10 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Grey-necked Wood-rail Eulabeornis cajaneus

1 Llanos 20/6, 6 Hato el Cedral 21/6 and 1 Rio Grande 24/6

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

5 in the Llanos 20/6, 25 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Azure Gallinule Gallinula flavirostris

1 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 1 south of San Fernando 22/6 and 2 Vuelta Larga 1/7

American Purple Gallinule Gallinula martinica

2 Llanos 20/6, 1 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 2+4 near El Palmar 23-24/6

Caribbean Coot Fulica caribaea

6 along the coast east of Bacelona 1/7

Sunbittern Eurypyga helias

3 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana

Common in wetlands

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

20 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7, 100 west of Piritu 2/7

Double-striped Stone-curlew Burhinus bistriatus

2 south of San Fernando 22/6

Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanusa

Common in the Llanos

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

Fairly common to common in wetlands

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

10 west of Piritu 2/7

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia

3 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

2 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 1 on the Orinoco 22/6, 10 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Hudsonian Wimbrel Numenius hudsonicus

2 along the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

2 near the coast in barcelona 1/7, 8 along the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

1 along the coast west of piritu 2/7

South American Snipe Gallinago paraquaiae

4 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6, 1 south of San Fernando 22/6

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla

3 on the Orinoco 29/6, 3 Guarounous 30/6, 4 along the coast east of

Barcelona 1/7, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex

Common in the Llanos with about 50 seen 21/6 and 300 22/6, most of these south of San Fernando but also a few along the Orinoco.

4 Vuelta Larga 1/7, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

10 near the coast west of Piritu 2/7

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris

4 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Royal Tern Sterna maximus

2 along the coast east of Barcelona 1/7, 4 west of Piritu 2/7

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

4 in the Llanos 21/6 and 20 south of San Fernando 22/6, 1200 east of Barcelona in a huge flock, 100 west of Piritu 2/7

Rock Dove Columba livia

Seen daily

Bare-eyed Pigeon Columba corensis

3 along the road west of Piritu 2/7

Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis

Fairly common in most places.

Ruddy Pigeon Columba subvinacea

1 on a nest at the Harpy site, Rio Grande 23/6

Eared Dove Zenaida ariculata

fairly common in open places.

Ruddy Ground-dove Columbina talpacoti


Scaly Dove Scardafella squammata

Fairly common in Llanos and open places.

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi

1 HP 20/6, 10 Llanos 21/6, 1 Vuelta larga 1/7

Lined Quail-dove Geotrygon linearis

2 heard Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6

Ruddy Quail-dove Geotrygon montana

2 Rio Grande 23-24/6

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao

3 between San Fernando and Mantecal 20/6

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera

2+2 Escalera 26-27/6

About 10 more large, red macaws where seen on the Escalera but could not be safely identified.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa

9 south of the Orinoco 22/6

Red-bellied Macaw Ara manilata

6 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Red-shouldered Macaw Ara nobilis

1 with the Chestnut-fronted Macaws south of the Orinoco 22/6

Red (Scarlet) -fronted Parakeet Aratinga wagleri

About 50 on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/1

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus

2 Guarounous 30/6 and 300 vuelta Larga 1/7

Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga perintax

20 along the road near a café south of Maturin 29/6

White-eared (Maroon-faced) ParakeetPyrrhura leucotis

20 around the Oilbird cave near Caripe 30/6

Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta

25 Rio Grande 23/6 and 2 24/6

Fiery-shouldered Parakeet Pyrrhura egregia

8 Escalera 26/6

Red-eared Parakeet Pyrrhura hoematotis

50 HP 19/6 mainly near the pass on the Choroní Rd, 10 Rancho Grande 20/6

Green-rumped Parrotlet Forpus passerinus

20 HP 19/6 and 15 in HP and along the way south 20/6, 25 in the Llanos 21/6

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri

1 Rio Grande 23/6

Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis

20 in the Llanos 20/6 and 5 21/6

Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysopterus

5 Rio Grande 23/6 and 10 24/6, 4 Escalera 26/6

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus

1 Escalera 26/6, 9 north of San Isidro 28/6

Red-billed Parrot Pionus sordidus

20 HP 19/6 and 5 20/6

Dusky Parrot Pionus fuscus

9 just north of San Isidro 26/6

Blue-cheeked Amazon Amazona dufresniana

Seen just north of San Isidro 4+5+2 25-27/6

Festive Amazon Amazona festiva

2 flying across the Orinoco 22/6

Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala

4 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Orange-winged Amazon Amazona amazonica

Small groups in the lowlands, more common in the northeast.

Mealy Amazon Amazona farinosa

2 Rio Grande 24/6

Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus

4 km 86 25/6 and 3 km 70 28/6

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin

About 30 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Dwarf Cuckoo Coccyzus pumilus

1 by the guard station at Hato el Cedral 21/6

Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus

2 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22/6

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana

Singles in most places. 9 seen in total.

Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta

1 Guarounous 30/6

Greater Ani Crotophaga major

25 in the Llanos and Hato el Cedral 21/6 and 5 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani


Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris

Fairly common in the Llanos Most of the Anis where not specifically identified.

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

10 south of San Fernando 22/6

Stygian Owl Asio stygius

2 heard Rancho Grande 19/6

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

1 south of San Fernando 22/6

Oilbird Steatornis caripensis

At least 1000 at the cave near Caripe 29/6. This was a spectacular experience!

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens

1 ad + 1 chick near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24/6

White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus

1 seen in a flock with other swifts at km 70 28/6

Chestnut-collared Swift Cypseloides rutilus

30 Rancho Grande 19/6

Tepui Swift Cypseloides phelpsi

10 km 123 Escalera 25/6 and 25 28/6

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

Common HP and Escalera

Band-rumped Swift Chaetura spinicauda

50 Rio Grande 23/6 and 50 km 70 28/6

Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris

15 Rancho Grande 20/6

Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei

10 km 70 28/6

Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura

Seen in lowlands with 20 south of the Orinoco 22/6 and near El Palmar

24/6 and 30/6. 15 Vuelta Larga 1/7

White-tipped Swift Aeronautes montivagus

About 50 Rancho Grande; HP 20/6, common Oilbird cave, Caripe 30/6

Fork-tailed Palm-swift Tachornis squamata

5 Maracay 19/6, 50 south of the Orinoco 22/6, 5 daily in Sucre 30/6-1/7

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis

1 north of San Isidro 26/6

Green Hermit Phaethornis guy

5 along the main trail opposite the Oilbird cave 30/6

Eastern Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus

1 near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24/6

Pale-bellied Hermit Phaethornis anthophilus

1 Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6

White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus

1 Escalera 26/6 and 1 ad feeding a fledged juvenile at km 111 28/6

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber

1 north of San Isidro 25/6

Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus

5 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis

2 Choroní Rd, HP 19/6. This is a split from Little Hermit.

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora

4 Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6, 1 Rio Grande 24/6, 2 km 92 26/6

Green-throated Mango Anthrocothorax viridigula

1 Guarounous 30/6

Black-throated Mango Anthrocothorax nigricollis

5 Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6, 1 El Palmar 23/6, 4 Guarounous 30/6, 5 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus

1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornata

1 female in the garden at Muller's, Guarounous 30/6

Peacock Coquette Lophornis pavonina

2 females in a flowering tree upper Escalera 26/6

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus

1 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22/6 and 1 Rio Grande 23/6

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thaluraina furcata

Singles on the Escalera 25-28/6

Tepui Goldenthroat Polytmus milleri

1 Gran Sabana 26/6

Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata

1 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22/6, 3 El Palmar 23/6, 5 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Copper-rumped Hummingbird Amazilia tobaci

3 Guarounous 30/6, 2 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi

6 Henri Pittier 19/6 and 5 20/6. At Rancho Grande they have a feeder which attracts Long-tailed Sylph.

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita

1 km 92 25/6 and 1 km 112 28/6

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris

1 Guarounous 30/6

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis

1 km 87 26/6

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris

2 Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus

1 Rio Grande 23/6 and 2 24/6

Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata

Singles near wetlands

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

Singles HP and the Llanos, 1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

2 at a nest Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6

Green-tailed Jacamar Galbula galbula

2 Rio Grande 23/6, 1 north of San Isidro 26/6

Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda

10 HP 19/6 and 2 20/6

Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea

2 Rio Grande 24/6, 14 seen in the lowlands north of San Isidro 25-28/6

Russet-throated Puffbird Hypnelus ruficollis

1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Black Nunbird Monasa atra

2 km 92 25/6

Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa

Fairly common in the lowlands at Rio Grande south to San Isidro

Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger

1 Rio Grande 24/6, 2 north of San Isidro 25/6, 4 26/6 and 6 28/6

Groove-billed Toucanet Aulacorhynchus sulcatus

4+5 HP 19-20/6, 5 Oilbird cave, Caripe 30/6

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus

3 km 111 27/6, 1 km 112 28/6

Green Aracari Pteroglossus viridis

2 Rio Grande 23/6, 5 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 4 26/6

Black-necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari

4 Rio Grande 24/6, fairly common north of San Isidro

Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus

2 km 92 25/6

Red-billed Toucan Ramphastos tucanus

Singles Rio Grande-San Isidro

Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis

1 Rio Grande 23/6 and 3 24/6, 2 Escalera 28/6

Scaled Piculet Picumnus squamulatus

3 Choroní Rd, HP 19/6, 2 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Black-dotted Piculet Picumnus nigropunctatus

1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus

Common Rio Grande-San Isidro

Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus

Fairly common in the lowlands

Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus

2 HP 19/6

Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini

2 Escalera 25/6

Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii

2 km 127 Escalera 27/6

Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula

3 Rio Grande 24/6, 1 Escalera 25/6

Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus

4 HP 19/6, 1 Rio Grande 24/6, 1 Escalera 27/6

Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula

2 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Scale-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus

2 Rio Grande 24/6

Cream-coloured Woodpecker Celeus flavus

2 Guarounous 30/6, 1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

1 Llanos 21/6, 1 Guarounous 30/6, 1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis

4 Escalera 26/6 and 2 27/6

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos

1 Rio Grande 24/6

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa

3 Rancho Grande 19/6, 1 Escalera 27/6

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus

1 Henri Pittier 19/6, 3 Escalera 25-28/6

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus

1 Rio Grande 24/6, 3 km 87 28/6

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

1 Rancho Grande 20/6, 1 Oilbird cave 29/6

Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia

1 km 111 28/6

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus picus

2 Llanos 21/6

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus pardalotus

1 km 112 Escalera 28/6

Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus

1 HP 20/6, 1 San Isidro 25/6

Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

2 Escalera 26/6

Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis

1 HP 19/6

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

1 Rancho Grande, HP 21/6

Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens

2 km 118 Escalera 28/6

Tepui Spinetail Cranioleuca demissa

2 km 132 Escalera 27/6

Crested Spinetail Cranioleuca subcristata

6 Rancho Grande 19/6, 2 Oilbird cave 30/6

Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea

Fairly common in wetlands

Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons

3 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Guttulated Foliage-Gleaner Philydor guttatus

1 Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Montane Foliage-Gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis

15 HP 19/6 mainly Choroní Rd and 2 Ocumare Rd 20/6

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus

5 HP, mainly Choroní Rd 19/1 and 1 Ocumare Rd 20/6

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans

4 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6

Great Antshrike Taraba major

1 Rio Grande 23/6

Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura

2 km 87 26/6

Brown-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula gutturalis

1 km 112 28/6

Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor

1 on the trail behind Rancho Grande, HP 19/6

Todd¹s Antwren Herpsilochmus stictocephalus

1 km 87 25/6, 2 km 112 26/6, and 1 27/6

Ash-winged Antwren Terenura spodioptila

1 km 87 26/6

Grey Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens

1 Rio Grande 23/6

Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax

4 km 87 26/6

White-plumed Antbird Pithys albifrons

10 in a flock km 100 27/6

Rufous-throated Antbird Gymnopithys rufigula

2 with the White-plumed 27/6

Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinota

1 km 87 28/7

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis

1 on the trail behind Rancho Grande 19/6

Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona

1 on the longer trail behind Rancho Grande 20/6

Tepui Antpitta Myrmothera simplex

1 seen Escalera 26/6 and 2 heard 27-28/6

Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius graciliceps

6 Rio Grande 23/6

Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum

1 Oilbird cave 30/6

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus

2 north of San Isidro 26/6

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster

2 HP 19/6, 1 Oilbird cave 30/6, 20 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris

2 lower Choroní Rd, HP 19/6, 1 HP 20/6

Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata

3 Gran Sabana 26/6

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus

2 Rio Grande 23/6

Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris

1 Oilbird cave 30/6

Black-fronted Tyrannulet Phylloscartes nigrifrons

3 km 133 Escalera 27/6

Venezuelan Bristle Tyrant Phylloscartes venezuelanus

2 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus

1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum

8 Llanos 21/6, 3 El Palmar 23/6, 5 Guarounous 30/6, 1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens

5 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6 and 1 20/6

Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus

1 km 87 28/6

Euler¹s Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri

1 Llanos 21/6

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

5 HP 19/6 and 2 20/6

Smoke-coloured Pewee Contopus fumigatus

1 Escalera 25/6 and 3 27/6

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus

2 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans

8 Rancho Grande 19-20/6, 1 Guarounous 30/6

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

1 in the Llanos north of San Fernando 20/6

Pied Water Tyrant Fluvicola pica

Fairly common near water

White-headed Marsh Tyrant Fluvicola leucocephala

Fairly common near water

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

2 Rio Grande 23/6, 1 km 87 25/6

Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea

3 km 100 Escalera on a big cliff.

Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus

25 Llanos 21/6 and 2 22/6, 2 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus

1 heard Vuelta Larga 1/7

Greyish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex

1 Rio Grande 24/6

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

2 HP 19/6

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

Common except on Escalera

Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor

2 Guarounous 30/6

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua

1 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6, 1 Oilbird cave 30/6

Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis

2 Llanos 20/6, 5 Guarounous 30/6

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis


Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parva

5 Rio Grande 24/6, 1 north of San Isidro 25/6

White-bearded Flycatcher Phelpsia inornata

1 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

Common HP 19-20/6, 2 km 87 28/6, 3 Caripe 30/6

Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

1+4 HP 19-20/6

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius

2 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 1 26/6

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius

Singles south of the Orinoco

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus


Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana


Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis

Fairly common in the Llanos

Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis

1 km 112 Escalera 28/6

Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus

1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus

1 Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor

3 Rancho Grande 24/6, 2 north of San Isidro 25/6

Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana

1 HP 19/6, 2 Rio Grande 23/6

Crimson-hooded Manakin Pipra aureola

1 Rancho Grande 1/7

Golden-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola aureopectus

5 at the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Handsome Fruiteater Pipreola formosa

1 female with the Golden-breasted 19/6 and 1 male Ocumare Rd 20/6

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans

Seen and heard Rio Grande 23-24/6, heard north of San Isidro 25/6

Rose-coloured Piha Lipaugus streptophorus

1 km 120 Escalera 28/6

Purple-breasted Cotinga Cotinga cotinga 1 km 87 26/6

Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana

2 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 2 km 87 26/6

Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea

1 km 100 Escalera 25/6

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata

1 Rio Grande 24/6

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus

1 Caroni River near El Dorado 24/6

Capuchinbird Perissocephalus tricolor

2 heard km 87 26/6 and 1 heard 28/6

White Bellbird Procnias alba

Fairly common middle Escalera. About 10 seen but more heard

Bearded Bellbird Procnias averano

Singles middle Escalera. A few seen and more heard. White is the more common

Guianan Cock Of The Rock Rupicola rupicola

1 female seen flying across the road at km 111 28/6

Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus

2 in a big flock at km 112 Escalera 28/6

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer

Singles to fairly common near water

Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne tapera

Fairly common

Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea


Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

Fairly common in moutainous areas

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata

3 Caroni bridge 24/6, 1 km 92 25/6

Black-collared Swallow Atticora melanoleuca

50 Caroni bridge 24/6

Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fuscata

Singles Gran Sabana 25-26/6

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis


Black-capped Donacobius Donacoibus atricapillus

1 between San Fernado and Mantecal 21/6

Stripe-backed Wren Campylorhynchus nuchalis

2 Hato el Cedral 21/6, 5 Guarounous 30/6, 8 Vuelta Larga 1/7, 3 west of Piritu 2/7

Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya

2 km 111 Escalera 27-28/6

Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis 3 HP 20/6

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Singles HP, Llanos and Sucre

Flutist Wren Microcerculus ustulatus

1 heard km 112 Escalera 28/6

Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus


Orange-billed Nightingale Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris

1 on the trail opposite the Oilbird cave 30/6

Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes

3 HP 19/6

Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus

5 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6, 1 at the Oilbird cave 30/6

Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater

1 Rancho Grande 20/6, 1 Escalera 25/6

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas

10 daily Hp 19-20/6, 5 Oilbird cave 30/6

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis

2 Escalera 28/6

Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus nudigenis

3 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6 and 4 20/6, 1 Llanos 22/6, 1 Oilbird cave 30/6

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis

2 km 111 Escalera 28/6

Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea

2 between Maracay and San Fernando 20/6, 1 west of Piritu 2/7

Guianan Gnatcatcher Polioptila guianensis

2 north of San Isidro 25/6

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

Singles on the Escalera and Gran Sabana

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis

1 Llanos 21/6 and 1 south of San Fernando 22/6

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons

3 Hato el Cedral 21/6

Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch Sicalis colombiana

2 between Maracay and San Fernando 20/6

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola

Common in the Llanos, 4 west of Piritu 2/7

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina


Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia

1 Llanos 20/6 and 5 21/6, 5 Guarounous 30/6

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola

Singles in the southeast

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides

2 Llanos 21/6

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis

Singles in the Llanos and HP, 5 north of the Oilbird cave 30/6

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta

Singles in the Llanos, 10 daily on the Gran Sabana 26-27/6, 1 Vuelta Larga 1/7

Lesser Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis

5 Rio Grande 23/6 and 1 24/6, 2 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 1 28/6

Ochre-breasted Brush Finch Atlapetes semirufa

10 HP 19/6, 3 Oilbird cave 30/6

Tepui Brush Finch Atlapetes personatus

10 Escalera 27/6

Gray Pileated-Finch Coryphospingus pileatus

1 between Maracay and San Fernando 20/1

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis

Fairly common in the Llanos

Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis

10 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 28/6

Slate-colored Grosbeak Pitylus grossus

1 north of San Isidro 26/6

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

3 HP 19-20/6 along the Ocumare Rd

Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

Singles in suitable habitat

Orinocan Saltator Saltator orenocensis

1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus

5 along the Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6

Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii

2 south of Maracay 20/6

Black-faced Tanager Schistoclamys melanopis

3 Gran Sabana 26/6

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana

5 Rio Grande 23/6, 2 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 28/6

Common Bush Tanager Chlorospingus ophtalmicus

Common HP

Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps

10 HP 19/6

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis

2 Escalera 25/6 and 1 26/6

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata

1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus

Fairly common Escalera

Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus

1 km 112 Escalera 28/6

Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus

1 km 87 north of San Isidro 26/6

Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus

1 north of San Isidro 25/6

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus

1 south of Maracay 20/6

White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus

Fairly common in HP, singles elsewhere in semi-open habitat

Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius

2 km 122 Escalera 25/6

White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera

5 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6, 2 San Isidro 27/6, 3 Guarounous 30/6

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo

Common in most places

Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus


Glaucous Tanager Thraupis glaucocolpa

1 south of Maracay 20/1, 1 west of San Fernando 21/6, 20 Rio Grande 23/6, 10 north of San Isidro 28/6, 5 west of Piritu 2/7

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum


Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala

Common HP 19/6

Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Ansiognathus flavinucha

10 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea

5 Rio Grande 23/6

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris

2 Ocumare Rd, HP 20/6

Golden-bellied Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta

2 Rio Grande 23/6, 5 north of San Isidro 26/6

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta

1 north of San Isidro 27/6

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster

2 HP 19/6

Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis

1 Rio Grande 24/6

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea

1 near the pass in the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana

10 Rio Grande 23/6, 2 north of San Isidro 25/6

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis

5 Escalera 25/6 and 25 27/6

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus

10 HP 19/6 and 3 20/6

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra

Fairly common Escalera

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata

1 Escalera 25/6

Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata

Singles HP, Escalera and Oilbird cave

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

Singles HP, Escalera and Oilbird cave

Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana

4 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6, 1 El Palmar 23/6

Rufous-cheeked Tanager Tangara rufigenis

1 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/6

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis

4 ChoronÍ Rd 19/6

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta

3 Escalera 25/6 and 1 26/6

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis

10 HP 19/6, mainly Choroní Rd

Black-headed Tanager Tangara cyanoptera

2 km 122 Escalera 25/6 and 2 27/6

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata

6 north of San Isidro 25/6 and 2 28/6

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana

Singles Rio Grande and north of San Isidro

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

2 HP 19/6, fairly common Escalera

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus

2 Rio Grande 23/6

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus

3 Rio Grande 24/6, Fairly common Escalera

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus

Fairly common Escalera

Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis

25 HP 19/6 and 10 29/6

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola

Fairly common

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi

5 HP 19/6, singles Escalera, 10 Oilbird cave 30/6

Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus

25 HP 19-20/6, singles Escalera

Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus

2 km 112 Escalera 28/6

Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus

1 HP 19/6, 10 Oilbird cave 30/6

Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus

25 HP 19/6, including recently fledged.

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum

1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis

3 Ocumare Rd, HP 19/6

Chivi Vireo Vireo chivi

1 HP 20/6

Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys

2 HP 19/6 and 1 20/6

Tepui Greenlet Hylophilus sclateri

5 km 132-133 Escalera 27/6

Golden-fronted Greenlet Hylophilus aurantiifrons

1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21/6

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus


Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis

20 Rio Grande 24/6, 1 north of San Isidro 26/6

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons

50 HP 19/6

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela

Common in wetlands

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous

2 north of San Isidro 25/6

Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater

1 north of San Fernando 20/6

Yellow Oriole Icterus nigrogularis

Fairly common in wetlands and open habitat

Orange-crowned Oriole Icterus auricapillus

1 Rio Grande 23/6

Troupial Icterus icterus

1 north of San Fernando 20/6, 5 Llanos 21/6

Oriole Blackbird Gymnomystax mexicanus

Fairly common in the Llanos, 1 west of Piritu 2/7

Yellow-hooded Blackbird Agelaius icterocephalus

Common in the Llanos, 1 El Palmar 24/6, 10 Guarounous 30/6, 10 west of Piritu 2/7

Red-breasted Blackbird Leistes militaris

Singles in open grassland

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna

Singles in open grassland

Tepui Mountain Grackle Macroagelaius imthurni

30 upper Escalera 27/6 and 20 28/6

Carib Grackle Quiscalus lugubris

Common in the north and Llanos

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

5 Llanos 21/6, 1 Guarounous 30/6

Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora

3 Rio Grande 23/6, 2 Guarounous 30/6

Cayenne Jay Cyanocorax cayanus

Singles around San Isidro

Inca Jay Cyanocorax yncas

20 HP 19/6, 20 Oilbird cave 30/6

Problem birds

Black Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

1 most probably this species over the Oilbird cave at Caripe 30/6.

According to the literature this species shouldn't be here. However, no other options seems likely as it clearly looked bigger than Great Black-hawk.

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

1 seen near the Rio Cauroni 24/6. This bird was near human habitation, and there were also people and dogs near the bird so it does not seem like a wild one.

Tepui Parrotlet Nannopsittaca panychlora

6 most probably this species Rio Grande 23/6. The birds did have yellow in the face.

Pale-tipped Tyrannulet Inezia subflava

1 Oilbird cave 30/6, that looked like this species with white outer tail feathers but altitude far to high according to the literature.

Copyright © 1992-2012 John Wall